Which tree to choose

Question: which tree to choose

Hi, I would like some advice on choosing a tree to put in the garden.
I got ideas but I noticed already on the Internet that there are some factors that prevent my choices.
1st dress in the country is an area hit by strong winds and the garden is exposed to sea winds!
2 ° the earth of my garden unfortunately is earth of construction site therefore clayey (I also have some little problem with the moss)
3rd I would look for shade plants if possible that they make a nice cool
Finally, to complicate matters, I would like fast-growing plants, so the choices I would have made do not seem adequate, in fact I would have liked:
Red maple
Horse Chestnut (red flowers)
Red oak
I hope I have made the idea and can find a plant that is right for me.
In the garden I already have a lime tree and a mulberry tree that I am trying to recover, but this is another story. Thank you for your attention and availability and best regards from Personalmax

Answer: which tree to choose

Dear Max,
given the space you have available, I think you can put down almost everything you want, adult trees do not fear the wind, and survive even in conditions that are not entirely ideal.
If you want a very fast growing tree, I recommend the horse chestnut, which among the ones you have indicated tends to develop more quickly. An excellent tree, which does not develop very much in height, but produces a beautiful crown, and is resistant to everything, it is the celtis, which also develops in stony or not very fertile soils. If you want to try an "exotic" thing, put a liriodendron, also called tulip tree, as a home; we see many specimens in Italian parks, and they have a beautiful flowering.
Even poplars and plane trees develop rapidly, but look for particular varieties, because the most common varieties tend to become really large, and difficult to manage in a private garden.
Over the years, a well-developed tree tends not to require any care: no pruning, no watering, fertilization only in autumn, burying manure at the base of the stem.
But the young trees, on the other hand, want some attention, to allow them to develop a beautiful broad and resistant root system, which also puts them in the shelter of the wind. Then, before planting the tree of your choice, prepare a planting apia, working the soil well, and enriching it with manure; the hole must be prepared at least a week before placing the tree, so that it has time to stabilize.
When you place the young tree, water it abundantly, and equip it with stakes, or two stakes to be placed on the sides of the stem, an additional small pole, placed at the top, perpendicular to the other two, will allow you to secure the stem to the two guardians, in so that the tree has temporary support, an intent that grows. Remember also that, in the first years of growth, it will be necessary to water occasionally, especially in spring and summer, and above all if the climate is very dry.