Rose from cuttings

Question: Rosa from cuttings

Hi, I find myself in my garden the Osiria rose. To reinforce it I removed the dried buds and I pruned it making it lower. Now with some cuttings that seem to me good and healthy, I put them in full shadow in the vase. being out of time?

Answer: Rose from cuttings

Dear Mary,
the rose cuttings generally have a great success, even when they are made "out of time", even though, in the summer heat, it is more likely that the cuttings will unseal without even trying to root. The branches coming from the pruning are very often used to prepare cuttings, but the best ones are the branches obtained from the plant in September, when the wood is already mature; in fact the cuttings of rose vegetate much better if produced with wood already woody (not completely green and clear), that has begun to develop in spring, and has already withstood the summer. Cuttings are preferably taken from branches that have not made flowers; each cutting must count about 3-4 buds, the lowest must be just above the cut made to take it. We will also cut the leaves from the cutting, leaving only one or two in the upper part; then let's mix it in a good universal soil, mixed with sand, which we will have previously watered; if we have it, quickly immerse the cutting in the rooting hormone and then let it be intermixed, leaving only one, or at most two, buds outside the soil; in this way, we will insert about a third of the branch into the substrate. Some tricks lead to greater successes:
- remember to use rooting hormone, and avoid using very long cuttings, with more than 3-4 buds.
- if the cutting is a portion of branch, and therefore it has also been cut in the upper part, we cover the cut with mastic for pruning, or with wax or vinyl glue, so that it does not have the possibility of letting the sap evaporate.
- we keep the vase with the cuttings in a cool and bright place, reminding us to water often.
- remember to remove most of the leaves.
- we take the cuttings with a well sharpened tool, so that the cut produced is clean and net, without fraying, which could rot.