Which tree to choose

Question: which tree to choose

Hi, I'm here to ask anyone who can enlighten me about choosing one or more trees to plant in my garden.
I ask for advice because traveling around the internet I realized that there are many factors that affect the growth of a plant.
In fact I discovered that many trees suffer from the sea wind or at least from the sea and suffer clay soils if things come together then the choice becomes really arduous, especially when like in mine there are some stakes to be respected.
I come to the point by saying that I would like a tree that loses its leaves in autumn but that makes me a nice cool in the summer, possibly pleasant to see.
I had addressed some types to which I had to give up, such as red maple, liquidambar, horse chestnut with red flowers. I hope I made the idea and above all I hope to receive ideas. Sorry for too many pretensions!
I thank you in advance and a greeting from Max.

Answer: which tree to choose

Dear Max,
given the particular climatic conditions of your garden, which I understand is situated in a place near the sea, and therefore characterized by a salty wind, I believe that you should entrust yourself to the "tradition" in choosing the tree to be planted. Typically, in the sea areas, there are few trees that are placed in the gardens, but also in the city beds; this is because the climate, although warm and mild throughout the year, is also characterized by strong winds. Some plants do not like the wind, especially when it is also brackish, or rich in salt, which dehydrates foliage and barks. Typically, the plants that are planted in places of the sea, are characterized by thick foliage, which allows them to be subjected even to the strongest wind, without suffering any damage. In Italy, the most widely used plant at the sea, which was also positioned to reclaim the areas with brackish water, are the tamarisks; it is a small tree, which usually does not grow more than 3-5 meters in height, but perhaps it can do for you. Another typical sea tree is the holm oak (quercus ilex), an oak species with thick, evergreen leaves. Carrubo (ceratonia siliqua) or acacia saligna are also widely cultivated; they are not huge trees, with very broad foliage, this because the sea wind would tend to ruin the foliage. Other trees typical of sea areas, some varieties of conifers, with very elongated needle-like leaves, which tend to become very tall over the years. You can also think of the cercis, the Judas tree, which does not become very tall, has a fairly rapid development, and produces beautiful foliage in spring, which forms a broad, rounded crown. Or the catalpe, which tend not to grow very high, although producing a nice rounded crown, very suitable for shade.