Fat plants


Question: Kalanchoe

I have a kalanchoe plant ... I was given a little more than a month ago and I always kept it indoors in a bright area, wetting it very little because touching it on the floor I almost always felt it damp. When they gave it to me, it was full of beautiful little pink flowers that gradually began to hang down. Now they are dry and I think I need to cut them. But the problem is another: for about a week, the top of the leaves has started to turn yellow and to become soft ... first just a leaf then little by little almost all the older leaves. Other small green leaves are being born and therefore the plant is still vital. What can I do? How come this happens? Perhaps it is better, in these warmer months, to keep it on the balcony? Li, in the afternoon he is very sunny ... will he be fine? Thank you very much for your attention. I await your reply.

Answer: Kalanchoe

Dear Michela,
the kalanchoes (and in particular the kalanchoe blossfeldiana, the one we are talking about) are plants native to Africa, succulent, which produce a thick rosette of fleshy leaves. They are plants that love very bright locations, even if they fear direct sunlight, especially during the hottest hours of the day. They are grown in the apartment, or even in the garden or on the terrace during the summer, choosing a well-lit and ventilated location, and avoiding the direct afternoon sun. They are succulent plants, so they do not like excess water, especially when the soil remains moist for a long time; this condition quickly causes deterioration of the roots and even of the entire plant. The reasons why the soil of your kalanchoe remains wet can be various, starting simply from a bad quality of the soil itself: these plants prefer very well drained soils, which allow the water to flow quickly, without a large one being absorbed quantities. Even the cultivation in a poorly light or poorly ventilated place can be the cause. In any case, in general it is good to keep the kalanchoes in a decidedly very bright place, such as the window sill, and water them only when the soil is dry, and it is also dry by touching it directly. The waterings become more and more sporadic with the arrival of autumn, and will resume starting next spring. If possiible, it would also be better to avoid watering the plant by wetting the foliage too much, when it is grown indoors; if instead you cultivate it on the terrace, with a few hours of direct sunlight every day, you can also periodically wet the leaves, which will then be quickly dried by the sun and wind. When the flowers wither, it is necessary to remove at the base the stems that carry the inflorescences. Fertilizer is also important: succulent plants do not like excessively nitrogen-rich fertilizers, they must therefore be fertilized using specific products, rich in potassium, every 15 days in spring and summer, never during the cold season.