Sick pomegranate

Question: Sick pomegranate

I have a pomegranate of about 3 years has always made flowers and has grown well 2.5 Mt but this year is losing leaves and also drying many branches, I have cut several but with few results what can I do? Does not appear to be infested with parasites. Thank you Claudio

Answer: Sick pomegranate

Dear Claudio,
pomegranates are large shrubs, or small trees, very common in the Mediterranean area; they are plants that tend not to suffer because of pests or diseases; The only thing a pomegranate fears is the large amount of water, and the stagnant water in the ground. So maybe your tree suffers from this, you're watering it too much, or it's positioned in an area of ​​the garden where it receives watering from an irrigation system. Another reason for this type of symptoms could be a fungus that is inserted into the wood, and causes it to rot; this type of fungi, which causes creeping cancers, drought, and deterioration of the shoots, generally penetrate the wood in spring, when the climate is cool, in the period of pruning, and then begin to proliferate in summer. But in this case you should notice blackened and soft wood, or spots on the bark, which show the presence of a fungal parasite. If you simply, from one day to another, your pomegranate has started to decay, with a few leaves and a small branch that dries up here and there, it should be a problem due to watering. Not knowing where you live, and where the pomegranate is placed, I warn you that it could also be the opposite problem, or lack of watering: it is true that pomegranates survive the summer sun and drought, without problems; but to all there is a limit; if the soil around the tree has been very dry for a long time, and the climate is very hot and sultry, then the plant can suffer even from the heat. It does not happen often, but it can happen, especially in the specimens placed in a sandy or stony ground, or in small flower beds, where they have very little land available, and in very hot seasons, with plants completely exposed to direct sunlight for many hours a day .