Set up a flower field with the help of an expert
Decorations combined with hanging flowering plants, green corners skillfully adorned with recycled objects covered with colorful and lively flowers, will be part of the plan that is emerging in the minds of those who want to realize this project, perhaps difficult but not impractical. Sometimes the web with the images of ordered fields and decorated with multicolored flowers, the newspapers with their colorful figures of fields cultivated with extreme mastery, will give the opportunity to imagine a flowery field that can become reality and not just a sketch of an idea. Carefully and carefully, you need to choose the right plants that can make this kind of garden, a place that will never have to appear cold and bare. A trusted nurseryman, he can give useful advice for sowing and cultivation of flowering plants and a competent agronomist, he can help to define the type of soil in the area to be used as a flower field.
Soil determination is really important because after defining its characteristics, you can think about which seeds to plant. A soil that appears to be white, has a calcareous composition, but if the color appears reddish, it is a clayey soil, black means a terrain full of organic material while gray, that type of stagnant soil of water appears . Each of them needs to add certain elements in order to be cultivated. And every type of soil, requires certain seeds that can grow depending on the characteristics of the latter. The soil then needs excellent drainage to maximize the growth of both floral and fruit tree crops. To check that drainage is optimal, the agronomist will dig a hole in which he will put water, then wait for it to be completely absorbed and repeat the operation. If this time the water wears off in no time, it will mean that the earth does not have sufficient drainage and must be improved. To do this, just add sand or peat and clay. But the soil is not yet sufficiently ready for planting. You will need to add several minerals. First, a certain amount of nitrogen is needed to stimulate the growth of the seedlings and allow them to take all the chlorophyll they need. It will then serve iron which improves the characteristics of the leaves of the plant, strengthens the roots and allows it to absorb water better. Finally the phosphorus will give ease to the roots of growing strong and luxuriant. The expert will also have to take care of the irrigation system that will have to be more than efficient because especially the flowering plants need to be continuously hydrated especially in summer while in winter it will be necessary to control the plant and implant it in such a way that the water does not stagnate excessively because otherwise the floral cultivations would inevitably rot into rottenness, compromising the corollas that would fall.When to plant and water
Once the soil is checked and properly corrected, you can start planting the seeds. If the soil is left with the limestone base despite the addition of minerals and other elements, it will be good to plant plants such as cyclamens and jasmines that resist and take root well. It is however advisable to buy ph measuring kits and add iron sulphate where it is decided to plant not only jasmine and cyclamen but also other types of flowering plants. Gypsophila, for example, also called bridal veil, is a plant that loves alkaline soils and its flowering is full in summer and shows corollas that appear as white or pink clouds. Even if the various types of soil have been corrected and well drained, it is always advisable to measure a specific area where you decide to plant to try not to make mistakes and add, if necessary, the mineral that the earth needs. In any case, the land needs an adjustment phase. If you want to plant in the Autumn it is necessary to keep in mind that the upcoming rains will facilitate the growth of the seedlings that will develop the root system in an optimal manner. Planting in Spring, means instead having to resort to using irrigation because only in this way the plants will have the opportunity to grow stronger before the summer heat. If the soil is clayey, you need to plant it in a higher position than the original level forming a sort of mound proportionate to the size of the plant but first you need to mix the soil with broken gravel and a couple of sand shovels. In summer it is worthwhile to keep the water system effective and active, which must absolutely ensure that the soil is optimal for plants that are growing so much that they become constantly humid where the roots are well planted so as to allow them to find the coolness necessary for their Welfare. In winter, on the other hand, the waterings are of no use, on the contrary, there is the period that the plants rot so it is advisable to water them superficially only during the hottest hours of the day. Over time, the plants themselves will require water in the sense that, if their felling and decay are noticed, they will easily understand that they need watering. It is however a good habit to plant plants that need abundant water, along with plants that have the same need.
Use of mulch and fertilizers, pruning and elimination of weeds
Mulching is the operation that takes place during the cutting of the lawn. The grass that is cut, is sprinkled around the plants and will be kept away, the plants will retain the right humidity and provide us with the very useful soil humus. Mulching can also be done with finely shredded dry leaves. To respect a plant, the soil must be fertilized from time to time because the earth needs nutrient elements necessary to nourish the plant that must grow without any kind of deprivation. The best fertilizer is always mulching but it is also possible to prepare compost that can also be made on its own with the use of special containers that are filled with wet waste such as ash, leaves, egg shells, food remains, food waste. coffee and so on. The containers must be placed in a shady area and must necessarily have a bottom made of earth and small bundles in order to oxygenate the compost, favoring the work of nitro bacteria. The compost must never be dry and must be hydrated and moistened every day.
It will be ready when it takes on the typical scent and appearance of the soil of an undergrowth.
After the first year of planting the flowered field, weeds must be removed and this laborious but necessary operation must be done by hand because, given the presence of plants, it is unthinkable not to water any more to slow down the growth. Weeds must unfortunately be removed, not only to maintain the beauty of the field but also to safeguard plant health. And then we pass to the pruning, necessary for the plant to give it light, to enrich it during the new flowering of other precious flowers, to divert the course of the sap. However, pruning does not mean cutting at random, if you do not have the skill to do it, it is better to let it go. A poorly made pruning is equivalent to the destruction of a plant. We must do this if we know our garden and our plants well, as if they were human beings.
The cultivation of various bulbs.
Now we come to the cultivation of various bulbs, to those that will give flowering plants ideal for the field. The success of the germination of the bulb depends only and exclusively on the skill of those who plant it. We must be careful of the drainage of the soil so as not to allow it to rot, we must also plant it at the right depth, protecting it with the leaves to prevent frost. In short, we must maintain its state of health. Once and a half the size of the bulb, it is the ideal depth to plant it, to make it grow luxuriantly in a soil that must be prepared because it must be crumbly and soft. The tip of the bulb should be turned upwards then it should be slightly compressed and covered with soil that had previously been removed to dig the hole. Sowing more bulbs together is the best thing, not only do you get regular rows in the flower field but it will be easier to do so. Just rake the surface first, then dig a furrow and plant the bulbs at the depth mentioned before and at a distance of 10 centimeters from each other. Towards the end of March, we need to start planting dahlia bulbs in a small pit covered with 7 centimeters of earth and watering copiously. Near each bulb, a brace will be inserted into the soil, very gently so as not to damage the roots. Only when the flower is grown will the stem be attached to the support. When the first inflorescences have blossomed, the lateral buds will come off without pulling but by pressing gently with the thumb and the index finger, much larger flowers will be born. The dahlias will have to be watered constantly throughout the summer and the water will be reduced only in the winter period when the plants will also be cut, cutting the stems about 12 centimeters from the base. The logs will then be shaken and cleaned from the excess earth and finally stored well labeled, in a box full of peat and sand after having made it stay at least one day in the open air. When the whole field is ready and the flowers are at the peak of their flowering, it will be a lively riot of colors to reward work done even if with difficulty. But the task is not finished, we must also give space to inventiveness and imagination to decorate and beautify the field, especially if it is one of those fenced plots. Every empty corner, every still virgin space, must be adorned and embellished. This can be done using recovery material. An old rusty bicycle with the basket, should be stripped and refurbished at least in color. In the basket there will be placed a beautiful flowering plant with hanging flowers like the delicate but effective sulfinia, on the luggage rack another one of a different color, also wanting an ivy that with the passage of time will wind with the gears making the composition even more rustic and characteristic . In another empty corner, an old wheelbarrow will be placed, full of flowering jars, also with drooping and multicolored flowers, geraniums and climbing verbenes, they'll be fine. The plants will have to be changed every time they dry or finish flowering. They will be replaced by other seasonal flowers and those corners of the field, they will never remain bare. Finally the flowery field is ready and can be admired in all its splendor.