The care of geraniums

The care of geraniums

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The geranium

Originally from South Africa, geranium is easily cured without special care, even if it needs some care to grow luxuriantly. The beauty of this plant lies in the fact that it has flowers with variegated colors and sometimes with very fragrant leaves. Furthermore the geranium can be climbing or hanging and it helps a lot to decorate balconies and terraces. The geranium species existing in the world, are more than 400 but unfortunately only some of them are cultivated with assiduousness on our balconies and if kept well, they begin to bloom in March and can be kept fresh and flowered even in late autumn. The most cultivated kinds of geranium are the Herodium which has flowers with the shape of a heron's beak, the Geranium which has a regular-shaped flower and the Pelargonium which has a flower of seven stamens vaguely reminiscent of a crane . The latter is the one most often seen on the balconies of the apartments both in the city and in the countryside.

Care geraniums: How to cure geranium pests

Speaking of care geraniums, we said that geraniums do not need excessive care. However, they too may experience unpleasant pest invasions. Not always, however, the diseases of geranium depend on parasites. If you notice that the plant has yellowed and sometimes withered leaves, change its position because it is likely that it does not have the necessary light. If instead you notice that the stem of the plant has turned black, it is a sign that you have watered the geranium too frequently and very probably, the roots have become moldy. If you notice dark spots on the leaves, almost certainly the geranium has been invaded by the brown cochineal. To be sure, however, equip yourself with a magnifying glass and observe the leaf very well. You will notice small animals that cover it. Put water in a dispenser with neutral soap and then spray a good amount on a cotton wool pad. Pass the latter over the leaves and clean it well. Do the same with all the leaves. In another dispenser, put plain water and sprinkle the plant to remove all the water and soap you previously sprayed. Scale insects should disappear. If you see that the geranium leaves shrivel, shrivel, fall or turn yellowish, be extremely careful because surely the plant has been invaded by the red spider that unfortunately is really harmful and if the plant is not cured efficiently, it could die. First increase the nebulization because the spider proliferates with drought. Carry out the operation of the cotton bud on the leaves and then spray with clean, fresh water. If you don't notice improvements, ask for a specific insecticide in a nursery. When the geranium is infested with lice, the diagnosis is very easy because the annoying little animals are noticed with the naked eye. Buy a good insecticide, just so you can eradicate them.

Gerani cure: how to keep the geranium in good health

First, the geranium needs a lot of sun. This could be the absolute condition to make it grow strong and lush. Always hoist the earth so that it will be easily penetrated by water. Remove the dried leaves gradually without tearing them but using a small scissors. Watering should be practiced very often in warm periods, while the soil in winter should only be kept moist. Avoid water stagnation in the pots that could cause the roots to become moldy or cause fungal diseases. The geranium at the end of winter, should be repotted and the earth should be changed with new soil and enriched with peat and expanded clay. Before placing the plant in the soil, cut the roots too long and with a hard bristle brush, brush the roots. Frequently fertilize the plant to encourage flowering, with liquid potassium and a fertilizer that contains iron, manganese, boron, copper and zinc. When the flowers fade, cut them with a pair of scissors and new ones will bloom. The geranium should not be pruned but it is enough to remove the dried leaves and flowers. However, young plants should be trimmed at the top to obtain excellent blooms.

How to multiply the geranium

The multiplication of geranium occurs exclusively by cuttings. Buy some special hormones, cut a 10 cm branch under the knot with a sharp knife. Put the hormones under the small branch and place them in a small container full of sand and peat in equal measure. Cover the jar with a pricked cellophane. Place the jar at a temperature of about 16 degrees and from time to time remove the cellophane to check if the soil is quite wet. If necessary, moisten the earth and cover again with a dispenser. After about 40 days, the geranium will have formed the roots. Remove it from the jar, plant the new plant in a jar with the characteristics indicated above and treat the plant as you would for an adult geranium.

Care of geraniums: How to protect geraniums from the cold of winter

Geraniums are perennial plants and can live for many years, but they fear the cold and above all frost. There are several ways to treat them during the winter. The first is to build a sort of do-it-yourself greenhouse, burying around the plant some wooden slats that you will cover with breathable sheets available in garden centers. The plant will be covered but at the same time it will be able to breathe. Another method is to clean the plant of dried leaves and flowers, to fertilize it well and to spray a fungicide on it. The vessel is then moved from the usual place and placed in a more sheltered place from the elements. Although very rarely, water the plant without forming stagnation in the saucer. The soil must remain moist throughout the winter. If you live in a place where it snows, you need to transport the pots of geraniums to a place where they are indoors. You can put them in an attic or in a woodshed near a window. Another method, very ancient, is to remove the geraniums from the earth, clean the roots with a brush, place them wrapped in newspaper in a box on a bed of straw and place them in a basement or attic. In February, you can plant them again. After the winter period, in fact, they go back to the balcony, fertilize themselves and can spend another year more luxuriant and flowery than before.