Aromatic plants are tree, shrub or herbaceous species. They have numerous medicinal properties that are used in the preparation of herbal remedies or real pesticides; they are also used for culinary and even cosmetic uses. They are quite robust vegetables that can be grown without any difficulty, taking into account only to avoid any form of water stagnation that would cause damage to the roots.
Among the aromatic plants we find garlic. It is a perennial herbaceous plant, whose height can reach one meter. Presents basal leaves narrow to elongated, covered by a layer of wax, from the bright green color. The flowers are apical, white or pink in color, fitted with 6 stamens and a triocular ovary, completed by a thread-like stylus.
The fruit is a bulb wrapped in some leaves that have undergone a metamorphosis and that carry out a protective action. They are called "sterile tunics".
In addition to being commonly used in the kitchen as a seasoning and seasoning, garlic also has some medicinal properties, and precisely has characteristics of:
- facilitates digestion
- prevents colds
- lowers blood pressure
- attenuates the bronchial disorders of smokers
It requires soft, fertile and well-drained soils, rich in organic and preferably calcareous substances.
It prefers temperate, sunny and dry climates, even if it does not fear the cold (it can live up to -15 degrees).
It does not require watering as it is satisfied with rainwater.
Fertilization should be carried out with mineral composition or mature, non-organic fertilizers.
It is an evergreen tree, with erect stem, which can reach a height of 8-10 meters. The leaves are ovoid, pointed, with smooth margins, dark green in color.
On the upper page they are shiny and covered with a layer of wax, while on the lower side they are opaque and covered with oil glands. The flowers have a similar appearance to that of bellflowers and are fleshy in consistency. The fruits have a morphology similar to that of small peaches, of green color when they are immature, to turn towards the yellow when the maturation is completed. They are juicy and can be used to make excellent jams. When they open they discover a bright red walnut: nutmeg, which contains a single seed. It has various medicinal properties:
- decreases intestinal fermentations
- treats diarrhea
In the kitchen it is used as a seasoning and food seasoning.
It requires a fertile, soft, moist and well drained soil with no calcareous component.
It prefers warm and humid climates, sub-tropical in that it does not tolerate the cold.
We recommend direct exposure to sunlight, or in any case stay in bright environments.
Fertilization is advisable with mature manure.
It is a herbaceous plant equipped with rhizomes from which originate quadrangular stems whose height can reach up to 70 cm. and which may present a relaxed or upright and branched pattern.
The leaves are oval and hairy, with a toothed margin, and opposite insertion.
The flowers are gathered in inflorescences and have a corolla of pink color tending to violet.
The morphology of the calyx is tubuliform and ending with 5 apical teeth.
It is a ubiquitous plant that easily proliferates in meadows and uncultivated fields.
It prefers fertile and porous soils, well drained, neutral pH or acid, rich in humus, never clayey.
It requires an exposition in full sun, even if it can also live in shady areas; the climates should preferably be temperate and warm, and in any case never with temperatures below 15 degrees.
It requires abundant watering, never on the leaves that could rot.
Fertilization should use fertilizers rich in potassium, phosphorus and nitrogen: in fact mentuccia is called: "potassophilic plant" as it needs large amounts of potassium to grow in optimal conditions.
Another of the most popular aromatic plants is myrtle. It is an evergreen bushy shrub, with an erect habit, with a stem that can reach a height of up to 3 meters. The stem has a reddish-yellow bark. The leaves are glabrous, oval, glossy, dark green. The flowers are isolated and solitary, with 5 roundish petals and with a smooth edge, very fragrant, white tending to pink. The fruits are fleshy oval berries of intense blue color. It has a very strong and pleasant aroma that can be used for culinary purposes, both fresh and dried. It is a shrub that is part of the Mediterranean Macchia and as such prefers warm and dry climates, in fact it cannot live at low temperatures, never lower than 5 degrees. It requires a moist, well-drained soil, enriched with peat and river sand, preferably with neutral or basic pH. It does not need watering, as rainwater is sufficient to irrigate it. Fertilization is recommended at least once a year, generally during the spring months, with fertilizers rich in nitrogen and potassium.