The nettle (Urtica urens e dioica) is a perennial plant belonging to the Urticaceae family. It grows in all parts of the world, but especially in the most humid places and not far from inhabited areas. The plant is characterized by a square-sectioned stem covered with stinging hairs (a characteristic that is lost within 12-24 hours after harvesting) of a height ranging from 50 to 150 cm, and from oval and cuneiform leaves, with triancolar teeth. They too are hairy and contain a substance with a stinging effect, histamine, which causes itching and burning to the touch.
The best time to harvest nettle is spring and summer, perhaps after a refreshing rain. A good idea is to stock it and take advantage of its benefits during the winter.
After harvesting (for which it is necessary to obtain scissors and gloves to avoid injury), the leaves must be dried in a warm and dark place so that they can lose all the liquid part and their stinging power that they almost completely sweep around one day. Following boiling it will then be lost completely. Finally it should be stored in airtight boxes until the next use.
The well-known stinging effect of the plant is in fact accompanied by many beneficial characteristics, known since ancient times and confirmed in recent decades by scientific research. It is in fact rich in mineral salts, iron, calcium, silicon, magnesium and phosphorus. It also contains vitamin A, C and K, folic acid, gallic acid, chlorophyll, histamine, tannit and carotene.
Because of these properties it is said that the Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar decided to follow a diet based exclusively on nettle leaves to become stronger and more wise.
There are many ways in which it is possible to take advantage of the beneficial and therapeutic properties of this plant, through decoction, infusion, juice, syrup, or simply raw. It is important, however, to remember not to use the seeds.
Here we will talk in particular about the nettle decoction, simple and quick to prepare even at home.
BENEFICIAL EFFECTS OF THE HORTICIDE DECOCT
Nettle, taken in the form of a decoction, is particularly useful for those who suffer from anemia and rheumatism, or all those painful states that affect the bones.
This plant is also an excellent anti-diabetic, diuretic, purifying, healing and hemostatic.
Used on garden plants, it also has anti-parasitic and ferilizing powers.
The nettle decoction it can also be used on the scalp on which it has a reinforcing and purifying action.
Many scientific studies have also proved that it can be very useful for treating disorders and diseases such as eczema, migraine, kidney disease, disorders of the liver, bile, stomach, intestines, lungs. It also combats gastric mucus, prostate hypertrophy, various allergies and states of nervous exhaustion.
It also acts on the menstrual cycle by regularizing the flow and is detoxifying the body.
SOME RECIPES OF DECORATIONS OF HORTICIDE
Recipe against dandruff
-500 grams of vinegar
-750 grams of water
-100 grams of nettle leaves
Preparation: Boil vinegar, water and nettle for about 20 minutes. Once the liquid has cooled, filter the whole so as to obtain a clarified liquid.
This compound can be used once a week, rubbed for 10 minutes on the scalp, after the usual shampoo, to treat dandruff or seborrhea.
In fact, it is not unusual to find percentages of nettles in hair lotions or anti-dandruff shampoos or greasy hair, demonstrating the validity of the plant.
Recipe against anemia
-50 grams of nettle (including leaves and shrubs)
-1 liter of water
Preparation: Chop and grind the nettle and pour it all into the water. Let the mixture boil for about 5 minutes and let it rest for a quarter of an hour.
This decoction taken orally is an excellent remedy for anemia.
Recipe against the gallbladder
-15 grams of nettle leaves
-10 grams of birch leaves
-10 grams of yarrow
-10 grams of dandelion
-10 grams of centaurea
-15 grams of burdock root
-20 grams of frangula
-260 grams of water
Preparation: chop and chop all the ingredients carefully and mix them. Pour a tablespoon of this dry mixture into the water. Leave to boil for at least a quarter of an hour.
This decoction drunk at least once a day (morning and evening) for a period of at least 20 days helps to counteract the gallbladder more and better than common traditional anti-inflammatory drugs.
Recipe for use on plants
-100 grams of nettle
-1 liter of water (preferably rainwater)
Preparation: Allow the nettle to macerate in the water for about a week (it may give off a bad smell) and an excellent natural fertilizer will be obtained, thanks to the presence of minerals and chlorophyll, to be used every two weeks directly on the plants.
With a maceration of about 12 hours, instead, a perfect insecticide is obtained, to be sprayed directly on the leaves, but also near doors and windows to remove ants, spiders and various insects.
Furthermore, in its natural state, the nettle has an infesting power, but it increases the content of essential oils to the plants nearby.
Recipe for circulation
- 100 grams of nettle fruits and roots
-7 liters of water
Preparation: Add the dry parts to the water and boil for about 20 minutes. Once filtered add the liquid to the bath water and immerse yourself in it for the desired duration.
Diuretic and purifying recipe
-20 grams of nettle leaves
-200 grams of water
Preparation: chop the nettle leaves and let them boil in water for about 5 minutes. Then filter and drink a cup 3-4 times a day for a period ranging from 3 to 5 weeks.
Recipe against mouth ulcers
-100 grams of nettle leaves
-100 grams of water
Preparation: chop the dried parts and let them boil in water for about 20 minutes. Cool the mixture and filter it. The liquid obtained can be used for oral rinses. The healing and soothing properties will relieve the burning of small oral wounds and help healing. Rinses 2-3 times a day are recommended after the usual oral hygiene practice.
During pregnancy or lactation it is advisable to avoid the nettle decoction or in any case to limit the doses, since the diuretic effect can cause lowering of potassium levels and gastric irritation.