A fountain placed in a garden certainly makes the environment more charming and creates a unique atmosphere. The imagination in the design phase can find different outlets in classic, modern or somewhat extravagant realizations, such as recreating a passage that simulates an artificial cave, built in concrete, above which the water flows in a cascade, diving into a pool of special recycling. Lights and decorations of all kinds create an architectural solution that can be seen as an element in itself or as a piece of furniture integrated with the environment. The different types can therefore recall a Zen garden, an Italian-style design rather than an English style, but in any case the sound of the water welling up has always been considered relaxing, pleasant and in the summer a refreshing sensation.
Garden fountains certainly have a strong visual impact and constitute a furnishing element that gives value to the environment. There are various types on the market, for all tastes, for all pockets and for any setting. Clearly the space and the conformation of the land are the primary elements that influence the option of placing a fountain as furniture and the choice of the consequent typology. Large gardens can accommodate fountains with circular, rectangular, octagonal or irregularly shaped basins, provided with a central column with vertical jet and more taps to form the most diverse water games. Steep or uneven ground can be used to create cascading shapes, recreating more fluid and natural water features, consisting of tanks placed in succession or structures recreated specifically to simulate stone cascades. Smaller locations, which would not allow the laying of a free standing model, therefore developed on a horizontal plane, can still house wall or panel fountains, designed vertically and suitable for enhancing a wall. Furthermore, alternatively, it is possible to arrange a corner bath, making the most of an otherwise unused space.
A good initial installation solves many future problems and if you intend to use a specialized company, check that an excellent insulation is carried out. If the fountain is not isolated, it could cause annoying mold, algae and infiltrations that are difficult to eradicate, ruining not only the aesthetic effect, but all the work done. It is equally important to keep the water in motion, so a good filtering of the same and the introduction of chlorine preparations, which inhibit the formation of algae, can certainly keep the tank and pipes clean and a closed circuit, with continuous recycling, offers greater cost savings. If you intend to place fish or plants, there are chemical and bacteriological treatments available on the market that stabilize the acidity and nitrates present in the water. In rather harsh winter areas, with the approach of the coldest period, it is good to empty the tank and make sure that no liquid remains in the pipes, to prevent frost from damaging the system. In any case, it would be good to empty the fountain at least once a year, brush the surfaces to eliminate deposits and thoroughly wash each part thoroughly with appropriate detergents.
The fountains can be made of various materials, such as cement, granite, stone, cast iron and special resins, chosen because they are the most suitable to withstand the corrosive effect of both water and atmospheric agents. The basic design can also be covered with other coatings such as mosaics, wood and any other material that goes well with the rest of the setting, with the furniture and style of the house. Prices are obviously variable and influenced by the type of material, the size of the project and the possible origin of some decorative elements, such as statues and geometric or floral friezes, or by the fountain itself. There are commercially available wall fountains that come from historic period villas, which have rather high costs, despite having small dimensions. If instead you opt for a Zen-style fountain, the materials will all be strictly natural, such as bamboo, rock and terracotta, embellished with flowers, aquatic plants and gravel. More modern structures use steel, which offers various interesting solutions, especially in vertical designs and, in some cases, even tempered glass.
Finally it is possible to build a fountain by yourself, using cement as a structure. The choice of cement is the easiest solution to achieve, being a material that is easily available, durable and malleable during laying and this allows the creation of imaginative structures, such as the creation of blocks of rock, stacked in an apparently manner random, that can simulate a mountain waterfall. Just pay attention to the water flow rate, as the pump must match the volume to be recycled. The cost of a hydro-pump for the construction of fountains of standard size, which moves about 5000 liters of water, is around one hundred euros. Furthermore, the personal realization allows to enrich the structure in the preferred way, using plays of light, possibly using LEDs and other decorative elements chosen according to one's own taste and preference.