Garden

Deciduous trees

Deciduous trees



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Deciduous trees


Deciduous trees strip off their leaves during the cold: from the end of autumn to spring, when the buds (which were born during the winter) develop producing new leaves.
Most of them are broad-leaved trees, that is, with leaves with large surfaces.
During the fall period of the leaves they take on colors that change from yellow to red to brown, following the action of specific pigments that act as stimulated by low temperatures.
Plants deciduous they require some time and resources for their management, because in autumn they lose their leaves and a great deal must be harvested, but almost always in the spring they repay efforts with large blooms and shining green foliage.

MAPLE TREE


It is a deciduous tree.
It has a straight and slender, fast-growing stem, which can reach up to 30-40 meters in height.
The leaves are large, palmate or lobed with 5 lobes with rounded edges, they have a dark green upper page and a whitish lower one.
They form a broad and rounded crown.
The hermaphrodite flowers are gathered in hanging clusters of yellowish green color.
The fruits are double samaras arranged to form an inverted V.
It requires fresh, well-drained soils with a non-acid composition.
It prefers cool climates, typical of the mountains, but loves a good exposure to light even if it proliferates more if repaired by direct sunlight.
Rainwater is enough to irrigate it.

PLANE TREE



It is a deciduous broadleaf tree.
It has an erect stem, with a height of up to 30 meters, with a smooth and thin bark of gray tending to brown.
The leaves are broad, palmate, with evident veins, of a light green color that become golden during the autumn period.
They form a rounded crown.
The flowers are gathered in round inflorescences of two types: the male ones are yellowish, while the female ones are reddish in color.
The fruits are rounded curls with many seeds.
It requires a deep soil, with a calcareous or clayey matrix, well drained and rich in organic substances.
It prefers areas that are well exposed to the sun and light.
It tolerates climatic variations well, even if it lives well in temperate and mild climates.
It is a very widespread tree along the avenues of the cities as it also tolerates pollution well.
It has excellent adaptability and does not require special care.

BIRCH



It is a deciduous tree.
It has an erect, straight stem, with a height of up to 12-18 meters, with a light bark with silver reflections.
It has a fast growth, but a rather short life: at most 60 years.
The branches are shiny, reddish brown.
The leaves are oval, toothed, dark green, which become golden in the fall before falling.
They form a thin and light crown.
The flowers are gathered in thin and long spike-shaped inflorescences, and are very fragrant.
The male ones are long and hanging, the female ones are short, solitary and lateral
It produces cylindrical infructescences containing seeds called samaras with a membranous wing.
It requires a sandy, well-drained soil, never a calcareous component that would be very harmful to the plant, limiting its growth.
It prefers bright and very sunny environments, even if it manages to adapt to cold temperatures and wind.
Rainwater is sufficient to water it.
It is advisable to carry out at least one annual fertilization cycle.

CHESTNUT


It is a majestic deciduous tree.
It has an imposing columnar trunk that can reach up to 30 meters in height, with smooth and glossy greyish-brown bark.
The leaves are lanceolate with a serrated edge and a sharp apex, of a leathery consistency, with an alternate arrangement and form a broad, rounded crown.
The male flowers are white and gathered in glomeruli; the female ones are isolated and wrapped in bracts.
The fruits are brown, shiny on the outside and hairy on the inside, of a rounded shape with a pointed area from one pole and convex on the other.
These are chestnuts, edible and appetizing for humans.
They are enclosed by hedgehogs: light green spiny wrappings which, when ripe, open spontaneously.
They require fresh, deep, well-drained, acid-based soils, rich in organic, non-calcareous substances.
It prefers mild climates with considerable humidity, even if it tolerates both heat and cold well as it is a very adaptable rustic species.
It is advisable to water the plant only during the warm months, with a bi-monthly cadence.
We recommend fertilizing with mature manure and phosphorus and potassium-rich fertilizers, to be carried out at least twice a year.

ROBINIA



It is a deciduous tree.
It is a rustic species, well adaptable, cultivated for ornamental purposes.
The stem is erect, straight, with a dark and wrinkled bark.
The leaves have an oval shape, are imparipinnate and have an intense green color.
The flowers are gathered in very fragrant hanging clusters and have colors ranging from white to pink to red.
The fruits are elongated dark brown, almost black, pods containing the seeds.
It requires a dry, sandy and well-drained soil.
It is not necessary to water as rainwater is sufficient.
Fertilization is recommended using organic material and mature manure, at least twice a year.