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Plants with flowers belong to the group of Angiosperms, plants that enclose the reproductive organs inside a flower.
The flower, which derives from the modification of the tip of a branch, is composed of various parts, namely:
- external calyx formed by green sepals
- internal corolla formed by petals of various colors
- gynaeceum (female reproductive system) comprising a pistil, a stylus and a stigma that enclose an ovary containing the eggs
- androcean (male reproductive system) comprising stamens with anthers containing pollen.
The flowers therefore perform the fundamental function of presiding over the plant's reproductive process and also have the task of attracting (with the beauty of their corollas) the insects responsible for pollination.
It is a perennial herbaceous plant with a bushy character.
It has thin herbaceous stems, of medium height, up to 50-80 cm.
The leaves are elongated, with a continuous and not serrated edge, of bright green color.
The flowers (the greatest attraction of the vegetable) are presented with a characteristic tubular shape with two labellos, which resembles the mouth of a lion, they have bright colors ranging from purple red, to pink, to white, sometimes with streaks or are two-colored , and give off a very pleasant scent.
It requires a light, well-drained soil, rich in organic material; but, being a plant of extreme adaptability, it manages to live well on any type of soil.
It prefers very bright places, in full sun.
It loves temperate and warm climates, it fears the cold, which is why it is advisable to repair the plant in greenhouses during the winter months.
Watering should not be too abundant as it fears water stagnation, which is very dangerous for the root system.
It must be fertilized at least once a month with liquid fertilizers.
It is an ornamental herbaceous plant.
Presents quite robust stems, straight, of height up to 50-90 cm., Of intense green color.
The leaves are lanceolate, narrow, with a continuous margin, of a bright green green color.
The flowers are head-like inflorescences, consisting of an outer part with large, sterile flowers and an inner part with small and fertile flowers.
The petals have irregular margins and a typically blue color, although there are white and pink varieties.
They are very fragrant.
The fruits are achenes with a feathered appendage to facilitate the dispersion of the seeds in the environment.
It requires a soft, well-drained, fertile soil, possibly enriched with organic material, sand and peat.
It is a resistant plant that adapts well to all weather conditions, even if it prefers sun and light, even direct.
It must be watered regularly and abundantly.
It is advisable to fertilize at least every two months with specific fertilizers for flowering plants.
It is an ornamental herbaceous plant.
It has straight, medium height, dark green stems.
The leaves are elongated, lanceolate, covered by a waxy matrix, with an intense green color.
The flowers have elongated petals, with rounded or pointed edges depending on the variety, with showy and gaudy colors ranging from white, to yellow, to pink, to purple, to violet.
It requires a soft, fertile, basic and non-clayey soil, well drained and never too wet.
It prefers warm climates and indirect exposure to sunlight.
He fears the cold and the wind that could easily break his stems.
It must be watered regularly during the warm months, to prevent the drying of leaves and flowers.
It is advisable to fertilize at least every two months with organic material and humus.
It is an ornamental succulent plant.
It has short stems (25-40 cm), straight, with a succulent matrix and a dark green color.
The leaves appear rounded, fleshy, shiny, bright green or reddish depending on the variety, and are edible for humans.
The male flowers are more showy and colorful (red, pink, white), while the feminine ones appear insignificant.
The fruits are triangular capsules.
It requires soft, well-drained soils, rich in organic material.
It prefers bright and sunny places, although it is preferable to avoid direct exposure to sunlight; it fears cold and drafts, so it is good to repair it in the greenhouse during the winter months.
It must be watered frequently, taking care to avoid water stagnation.
It is a perennial or deciduous shrubby plant depending on the varieties.
Presents branched stems, of a semi-woody consistency, with a green color tending to reddish.
The leaves are oval or lanceolate, with an entire or segmented margin, of an intense green color.
The flowers are pendulous tubules with 4 apical petals, of exotic appearance, with bright colors in the gradation of pink, red, purple.
They are very beautiful and very fragrant.
The fruits are small, fleshy berries.
It requires soft, well-drained, fertile soils, possibly enriched with river sand.
It prefers a very bright exposure but not directly under the sun rays.
He fears cold and excessive humidity, which is very harmful to his roots.
It should be watered regularly, especially during the warm months.