Create a zen garden

Create a zen garden

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The culture of Japanese gardens has a history of over a thousand years. Simple, ornamental and of great significance the Japanese gardens and in particular the Zen garden represents feelings of tranquility, calm and serenity.


The Zen garden dates back to the sixth century AD, it originated with the advent of Zen Buddhism in Japan, in fact it was used as a place of meditation, contemplation and prayer for Buddhist monks. Over the years, meditation and contemplation no longer occurred only with the observation of the garden but also and above all in the construction and creation of the garden itself. Nothing is left to chance, everything is placed in a logical sense.
The essential purpose of the Zen garden is the demonstration that man is only a minimal part of the universe in which he lives, man does not have the ability and the possibility of intervening on nature, but can only do so that the elements of the nature and therefore of the garden become intertwined with each other, it is the recreation of a natural landscape that allows man to operate according to the laws that dominate nature itself.
The Zen garden is not only a corner of greenery and tranquility, it is also a philosophy of life.


The essential elements that make up a Zen garden are the stones and gravel that are represented in a symbolic manner, for example water is depicted with rivers of gravel whose movement clashes with the emergence from the soles of large stones of various shapes, in order to symbolize the dynamism of the forms of nature.
From a first glance nature does not seem to be present, but if we look carefully we understand that it is present but in symbolic form, water and vegetation are represented by sand and rocks, bringing to the limit the minimalist concept of Zen Buddhism. The positioning of the stones follows precise patterns, the sand with care and precision is raked around the stones thus depicting the waves of the sea. In some cases bridges, lanterns, stone steps and graceful stone and bamboo fountains are used, at other times mosses, patchwork plants and small conifers pruned to simulate coasts and islands.


The Zen garden can be created anywhere, it does not need large spaces and particular climate. Designing a Zen garden necessarily involves embracing a very specific mindset, in fact the Zen garden must be essential, elegant but with few elements, just like life, it must be bare of frivolous and not very useful things.
Essential for the realization of the Zen garden to organize work precedence, it is advisable to use a pen and paper and to draw scrupulously the configuration we imagine for the garden, calculating the spaces and the distances between one element and another. Important to consider the location of the elements, the Zen garden is by definition a minimalist garden with carefully chosen elements and objects based on space.
The garden base must be flat and clean without imperfections. Essential elements for the construction of the garden are rocks and sand.
The rocks will be used to create mountainous islands while the sand will create waves and sea currents. The sand to be used is not what can be found on the beaches, but rather granite or marble pressed in uniform shades of white or beige, it is not advisable to use colored sand because in white it creates the right atmosphere illuminating the garden.
The stones or rocks must be chosen very carefully as they will create the islands, the fundamental fulcrum of meditation. Furthermore, the islands represent immortality, longevity and life itself are therefore one of the essential elements.
After placing the rocks according to your tastes and your sensitivity, remembering that they must be arranged according to the symbolism and meaning that you want to give, if they are arranged in a far way between them it symbolizes loneliness, vice versa if placed close together they symbolize the union and good interpersonal relationships. Once the stones have been positioned, the sand is placed, the sand is placed, it is raked continuously, without stopping, so as to create uniform and continuous visual paths without interruptions, rake along the entire length in order to rotate harmoniously around the stones. If you prefer green it is advisable to use moss on the stones that symbolize mountains or islands.

Create a Zen garden: TIPS

Placing small fountains or ponds in the north or south corners is a good omen for economic fortune; on the contrary, it is inadvisable to plant pointed trees or pits containing tinned rain water are inauspicious.
If you decide to plant trees that are also very auspicious, because wood means growth and development, place them in the south-east and prune them regularly to avoid the length exceeding that of the house.
To block negative energy, it is not advisable for the road or path to reach the Zen garden to be straight, it is advisable to plant a group of trees, a wooden fence or a hedge to divert the path.