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The garden requires constant commitment and continuous maintenance, patience, knowledge and above all passion for nature are necessary. There is always something to do inside a vegetable garden or garden and it is important that every operation is performed correctly. Water and check the correct operation of the irrigation system, fertilize the soil, remove weeds and dry leaves, mow the lawn, prune the branches are just a few examples of how difficult it can be to perform proper garden maintenance. Fortunately, the tools necessary to carry out all the necessary maintenance operations are available on the market and the technology also comes in handy with automated systems such as lawn care robots and tools built with increasingly resistant and cutting-edge materials.
It is an operation that is part of the ordinary maintenance of every garden. Pruning, besides favoring the growth of plants, prevents the spread of diseases and infections that affect some parts of the plant; sometimes it is the only way to prevent these diseases from spreading through the circulatory system. It is preferable to carry out this operation during the adult or productive phase of the plant or in the period in which it begins to produce the fruit. Pruning a plant in the first years of its life can affect its flowering in the future. There are different types of pruning, each of which fulfills a certain function: the breeding pruning determines the type of plant growth by reducing the length of the branches; production pruning regulates fruiting by cutting the buds; the pruning of rejuvenation serves to lengthen the life of the plant through the elimination of the diseased parts; with the restoration pruning the plant is always given a perfect shape by cutting dry leaves from the foliage and broken branches; transplant pruning is useful in eliminating diseased or damaged roots; the green pruning is usually carried out in late spring and has the purpose of guaranteeing greater nourishment to the fruits by eliminating the unnecessary vegetation on some species of plants and trees; dry or winter pruning is carried out at the end of winter to prevent the parts damaged by frost from becoming ill.
Unfortunately, the bad grass never dies and this is why there are no effective remedies to permanently eliminate moss and bad herbs from lawns and gardens. The seeds scattered by the wind continually originate new plants that grow quickly, disfiguring the landscape and sometimes damaging the surrounding vegetation. In addition to preventing the causes that favor the proliferation of weeds such as stagnant water, it is advisable to be patient and manually remove the unwanted plants also with the help of special grinders that are readily available on the market, capable of eliminating even the most resistant offshoots. Another remedy could be to use herbicides and herbicides, which are chemical products designed to solve the problem quickly. Although there are natural herbicides, the most effective herbicides contain chemical agents capable of killing the microorganisms present in the surface layers of the soil, making the latter easily perishable or even unavailable.
Garden maintenance: Protection against pests
Plants are subject to the attack of pests that feed on their sap to survive. One of the most dangerous and widespread pests is cochineal, a small animal that can damage both potted plants and large trees by attacking leaves, fruits, branches, stems and roots. This tiny insect attaches to the plant by sucking the vegetable juices until it dies of a lymphatic deficiency. But garden plants are subject to attack by many types of aphids or lice that can be eliminated only by using special insecticide solutions. Larger plants and trees can be cleaned from pests with the help of special brushes with steel bristles before being sprayed with suitable insecticide solutions. For potted plants and more delicate ornamental plants, it is advisable to wash them thoroughly with a sponge soaked in an insecticide solution. Another threat may come from the caterpillars and insect larvae that feed on leaves, flowers and roots and from some insects such as flies that feed on vegetable juices or lay their eggs inside the fruit. The only remedy to combat insects and their larvae is to use specific drugs that are widespread among others. It is advisable to handle insecticides with extreme care given their toxicity and poisonousness. Furthermore these substances can be absorbed by the plant and enter its lymphatic cycle. We must therefore carefully follow the instructions provided by the manufacturers.