In 1911 Charles Vuylsteke crossed two species of particular orchids creating a new one that was initially named Vulylstekeara in honor of its creator, then, about ten years later it was renamed Cambria.
This beautiful orchid is an evergreen and is perhaps the most common species, which we often find in houses, since it is easily cultivated but above all because it is really very beautiful.
His real success happened in the sixties, during which he was honored with many awards, and from there he also began the frenzy of many to want to create ever more spectacular hybrids of orchids.
In nature the Cambria orchids are not there, in fact, they are a hybrid derived from the crossing of different genres.
It is a plant that has several flower stems up to a maximum of seven flowers and these flowers have a particular color: dark red, sometimes mottled with white. Finally, it is provided with pseudobulbs from which the leaves are born.
Its special characteristic is that once the flowering is over, the generation of a new pseudobulb begins, a not insignificant detail to understand the right moment for repotting.
For those who have never owned an orchid it is highly advisable to start with a Cambria as it adapts very well to indoor environments, is easy to grow, flowers bloom simply and in abundance, indeed, blossoming flowers can sometimes last even for about two months if they are not in a too hot and dry environment.
In fact, Cambria favors a humid environment; during the summer it is advisable to move it outdoors or at least in a ventilated environment avoiding excessive currents. Direct sunlight could damage its leaves.
In general, Cambria flowers in spring or autumn, it depends a lot on the environmental conditions and can have from three to seven flowers which, once dried, can be cut at the base because they will not bloom again.
Many argue that after the flowering and after the new pseudobulbs have sprung up, maintaining the temperature of the environment in which Cambria is found, around 16-17 degrees will stimulate the plant to flourish again, however, usually normal treatments are enough as the Cambria does not need particular techniques to flourish; It is a very generous plant.
Land, watering, repotting
Cambria needs a specific substrate for its growth. On the bottom of the vado must be inserted polystyrene or cork, then you can place the substrate formed by shredded bark and sphagnum. In this way the roots can have the right humidity but they can also breathe. The substrate must always remain fairly moist but moderately. If the temperatures are medium, only one watering per week is sufficient. Absolutely no water stagnation should be created, however favoring a humid environment, it is important to spray water on the leaves, especially in certain periods of the year when high temperatures tend to dry out the environment. Flowers should never be wet.
Cambria must be repotted at least once every two years. This very delicate operation must be performed without damaging the roots and the plant. The vase must therefore be immersed in a basin of warm water for a day. Then the pot and the earth can be removed from the roots. At this point the old parts of the roots must be cut and immediately afterwards it is possible to re-insert the plant in a new pot which must be a little larger than the previous one and with sufficient holes for drainage. The material to be used for repotting must first be soaked in water to remove the dust and moisturize it well. A fundamental precaution is to disinfect the jar before performing operations and use gloves to avoid transmitting diseases to the plant.
At this point it will be advisable to protect it for at least a week from the rays of the sun and it will have to be watered regularly for at least seven days.
Fertilization and pruning
Cambria is an epiphytic plant, therefore it does not have the right amount of nutrients that a normal soil could offer, so it needs constant fertilization throughout the year that contains nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium.
In a liter of water, 0.5 grams of fertilizer must be dissolved and this compound must be administered to the already watered plant, once every three weeks.
Pruning consists in eliminating the floral stem, because once flowering is over it tends to deteriorate. The scissors with which you will carry out this operation must be disinfected with bleach.
Orchids Cambria: Last things to know
Orchids can be reproduced by simply dividing the pseudobulbs that are generated every time the plant flowers. In practice, just move them to other vessels.
Another particular feature of Cambria is that it has very delicate roots and that they are therefore subject to "injure" easily especially in repotting operations.
Finally, it must be said that the diseases that Cambria can contract always develop because of the wrong conditions in which the plant is made live. The poor irrigation, in fact, can lead to the fall of the flowers, an excessive exposure to the light instead can cause the rise of spots on the leaves.