Designing a garden means designing its architecture, so that a perfect landscape architecture is obtained and the most suitable green elements are introduced. Obviously it is not a job that must be done with superficiality, because it will also have to introduce other eventual elements like of fences, flowerbeds and borders. However, with a little practice and with the appropriate techniques it is possible to create a splendid garden, unique in its kind. First you need to start drawing the current map of the area in question on a sheet of graph paper, with a pen or pencil and accurately mark the space between the walls, elevations or driveways, drawing them on the paper scaled to make it easier to plan additions and renovations. You will have to make some copies of the work beforehand, so as to avoid having to redesign the different options for landscape design during construction. Once you have the base on which to work, you can add any paths or permanent paths of an aesthetic nature, and then decide whether to build them with cement, gravel, stone or brick, depending on the architectural style that you have adopted. If you have the space you need, a good idea is to create a patio space in a quiet and shady area of the garden, to be used to entertain guests or to relax. After the size of the area has been chosen, you will go through and draw the surface on the plant and think about which construction materials to exploit. Particular attention should be given to the design of the flowerbeds on the ground and those with borders to create well-defined borders between the various landscape elements. The measurement of the thickness of their edges should measure at least 6 cm and may consist of rock, stone, wood, bricks, concrete casting, rather than original materials such as plastic and plexigas. Finally, additional decorative elements should be added, such as small boulders if you want to create a rustic landscape, ponds or water play areas for a Zen garden.
How to draw a botanical garden
To design a botanical garden it is necessary to introduce a more or less vast number of local plant species and those coming from other parts of the world, for example tropical plants, perennial flowers and shrubs. The botanical gardens allow you to have a mix of plants that give an extremely decorative and pleasing to the eye. To begin with, after planning the area, arrange the plants according to their needs for brightness. You prefer that they require low maintenance, like those resistant to drought and winter frosts. The garden project must be the main point of reference, based on which changes can be made over time. The perennials will be placed at the back of the garden, while the shrubs and hedges along its perimeter. In spring it is planned to sow flower bulbs with winter bloom, such as daffodils and tulips. It incorporates flowering trees such as cherry trees in areas requiring shade, while annual ones are in isolated and spacious areas. Tropical plants and flowers, which require special care, will be placed in vases, so that they can be moved according to climate and light requirements.
Draw a garden in Provencal style
This type of garden is suitable for making the most of a small space. The first step is to decide the positioning of the area. You will need some areas of full sun and others more shaded, in order to insert a large variety of plants. In the project you will have to choose plants and flowers with abundant flowering, such as roses and hydrangeas. Subsequently the herbs will be planned, perhaps aromatic and perennial, such as bergamot, mint and rosemary. They will be perfect in flower beds. When designing the garden, the needs of the plants must be borne in mind: voluminous trees must be placed on the back, while small shrubs and smaller flowers at its center, to give light and ornament throughout the season of growth and not to suffocate the roots of the other elements.
Garden design: Draw a rose garden
Roses are perfect for any type of garden. After choosing the shape of the green area, preferably square or rectangular, enter the most versatile and easy to maintain varieties of roses, including hybrid varieties, grandifloras and floribundas, to form the backbone of the garden. The plants are designed in rows of roses, consisting of a single type of rose in each row and divided by sections of lawn. At this point we will draw the focal point of the area, inserting a voluminous rose plant, surrounded by climbing varieties with curved lines to soften the borders of the flower beds. For a nice effect, you could mix roses of different chromatic shades. The taller plants must be placed in the back part of the garden, to then gradually decrease their height in the frontal area. It is best to avoid an overload of straight lines in a rose garden, preferring instead the design of meanders and curved paths along its entire perimeter. To give an extra touch, you could insert small plays of water in the center of the area.