Building a pergola
Who has never dreamed, as summer approaches, of escaping from the heat of the warm hours of the day, to spend some moments of absolute relaxation lying on a comfortable hammock, sipping a cool drink in the shade of a covered pergola of colorful and fragrant flowers? Who has never imagined creating a shed in his garden under which he could store his car so that it remains protected from the aggression of the warm rays of the sun? Everyone at least once looked out the window and imagined how a pergola would look, right in that corner of the garden that has remained to be valued. Today, thanks to the proposals provided by the various construction companies, the idea of building one's own pergola is no longer unthinkable, reflecting one's way of being and marrying well with the architecture of one's garden.
Certainly the least expensive and perhaps most optimal choice would be to go to the first available store and choose from the different types of pergolas on the market. In fact today there are products suitable for all budgets, both for the most demanding customer, who does not intend to sacrifice aesthetics in favor of savings, and for the customer who is instead looking for a more convenient, but functional solution. So next to handcrafted pergolas, surely more expensive, because they are designed by technicians and custom designed, there are also common pergolas, uneven shapes and sizes and therefore certainly more suitable to respond to individual needs, already preassembled and therefore easy to install. For those who want to put their skills to the test and above all their patience below, you will find some little advice on how to try your hand at building an arbor that will be the envy of the whole neighborhood. It is not very difficult, it is enough to have some technical knowledge and be able to juggle between centimeters and mathematical calculations, as well as having a certain dexterity with the use of the typical tools of the carpenter, to ensure that your construction can be safe and durable in the time.The choice of materials
Surely the first thing to do is to choose the shape of the arbor, because this can take different forms, especially depending on the materials with which you choose to build it. The most used material for this kind of structures is certainly wood, even if it is possible to use steel too, a choice that is certainly more acceptable both for the lower maintenance required, and for the greater durability over time, even if it remains mostly indicated for those homes that follow a more modern style. For more demanding customers it is then possible to fix a tempered glass cover to the structure that can be decorated with the various possibilities offered on the market. It must be said that such a choice would also lead to an increase in implementation costs.
Given the choice of the material to be used, in order then to ensure a certain stability to your arbor, it will be necessary to anchor it to the ground, for this you will need to make holes, where the individual support poles will be drilled inside, so the holes will be closed again with cement to make the arbor better anchored to the ground. The depth with which the poles will be driven into the ground must be proportionate to the width of the pergola. If it reaches out for a simpler construction, you can still use a mounting kit, those already available commercially available.
As for the covering, the choice is wide: you can opt to use tiles that rest on wooden beams that support the pergola give the image of a semi-closed construction, or cover the pergola with lighter materials such as fabrics or curtains or even cover it with climbing plants such as ivy or American vine or with very colorful flowers.
An aspect that should certainly not be overlooked is the right slope that must be given to the arbor to make sure that rainwater can drain and correctly arrive by fall to the ground, without causing damage to the building.
Building a pergola: Regulations
From a legal point of view, in order to avoid incurring even heavy penalties for the pockets of citizens, we must be very careful with the type of construction that we intend to carry out and whether or not this is part of the specific concept of a pergola that, ultimately, the Council of State in a recent ruling (No. 5409 of 29 September 2011) provided. According to the position of the Judges, for building purposes, it can be referred to as a pergola when the artifact has an ornamental nature, it is made of a light structure, regardless of the type of material used, provided it has a minimum weight and is easily removable, therefore without foundations.
So if your pergola has a structure made up of pillars and wooden beams of important dimensions, which make the structure particularly solid and sturdy to such an extent as to presume a prolonged stay in time, this means that it will be necessary to verify, through the aid of a technician, if the construction is perfectly in line with the urban planning regulations in force on the subject, which vary according to the Municipality of belonging, (the need for a project carried out by a technician, the payment of charges, the presence of landscape constraints and so on). Since buildings are not closed on four sides and not perfectly anchored, but removable, they are not subject to the same legislation regarding buildings and constructions in the strict sense.