Diffusion and care of jasmine
The jasmine plant is part of the oleaceae family and is renowned for its blooms and colors. The typical habitat of this plant is of the tropical type with not too humid warm climate. Its climbing nature lends itself perfectly to be used as an ornamental flower both for the external walls of the house and for railings, in particular, during the summer season, jasmine offers small white flowers that give beauty to the walls it covers. Jasmine also has a species that must be planted in pots, to be precise there are 240 different species of the plant. These numerous species allow for the existence of an enormous aesthetic variety among the various jasmine plants, in fact some of these have blue or yellow flowers, instead of the characteristic white color. As for the aspect of plant growth, jasmine does not require any special initial care, rather it is one of the simplest ornamental plants to grow. The greatest attention is needed after a long time, this to prevent parasites and diseases caused by fungi from attacking the plant causing damage or leading it to death. Therefore for the climbing species the important thing is to position it in sunny areas with a climate tending to cool, furthermore it needs a good drained soil and a surface on which to extend as walls, railings or other data that can reach seven meters in length. While for the species in pots the same rules are valid more or less in terms of care, except for the possibility that it can be placed anywhere, with well-kept soil and in a position not too much hit by the sun.
Pests that attack jasmine
Being a climbing species, jasmine is subject to parasites. Among these the most common in the attack on the plant are the cochineal and the aphids. Scale insects can occur on the plant during the spring season or in any case when the climate is mild. They are nothing more than very small insects, whose size does not exceed 3 mm, which suck the vital sap of the plant by positioning itself on the leaves. The initial damage caused by these insects is the nuisance of the shoots and leaves that, after being dried up of their sap, fall to the ground. On the whole plant there is a strange white substance called honeydew. The honeydew is nothing but a substance made up of waste produced by the insects themselves. To combat these pests, if they are contained, simply remove them with cotton and then disinfect all the affected areas. If the insects are many and the size of the plant is greater, special substances or insecticides must be used. The attack by these insects can be prevented by reducing the watering and drainage of the soil, avoiding the formation of pests. Aphids, on the other hand, are equally dangerous and are small lice that attack the plant in large numbers by sucking the sap away so much that it leads to decay. The only way to combat these types of insects is the continuous use of insecticides and defensive substances.
Diseases that can affect the jasmine plant
The other diseases that attack jasmine are fungal in nature or due to parasites that consequently release infected matter. Among these, the most widespread are gray mold, powdery mildew also known as mal white, and fumaggine. The white mal is presented as a sort of white powder on the foliage and on the shoots, it also attacks the buds and subsequently brings the affected areas to discolor and undergo a form of necrosis. Powdery mildew affects mainly in wet seasonal periods such as spring and autumn months. The stagnation of water in the soil and on the leaves is the primary cause of this disease which progresses thanks to the action of ascomycete fungi capable of reproducing both sexually and asexually. The fumaggine appears after the action of insects that form on the leaves and on the shoots a strange white substance with a sugary base. This product settles on the leaves and dries them until they fall. Finally, gray mold is a fungal disease that causes the appearance of a gray patina on the young parts of the plant that leads to death.
Jasmine diseases: Prevention and treatment of jasmine diseases
For a correct growth of jasmine it is necessary to have a lot of preventive care to avoid the appearance of pathogens that would hurt the plant forever. First of all the water stagnation must be eliminated avoiding to water the plant unnecessarily. We must also pay attention to the fertilizations that must be performed in the right number. The thing that must be kept under control is the formation of pests or insects which, if present, must be promptly eliminated. The same thing must be done with shoots, branches, leaves and dry parts of the plant. Last but not least important advice to follow is to be careful not to create cuts or wounds to the plant by badly cutting its parts.