Designing the garden: which elements to take into account
Designing the garden requires the evaluation of a set of fundamental factors for the successful creation of a green space. The garden, in fact, must be inserted within the surrounding landscape and contextualized in a harmonious and natural way, pleasing from the aesthetic and functional point of view for the people who live there. The first element to be taken into account is the climate, which determines the kind of plants that can be placed there. For example, the surrounding buildings may represent barriers to the wind, while more important factors such as the duration of winters, the altitude or the intensity of the heat greatly influence the growth of essences, when they do not even cause damage to crops. The aim of those who design a garden, therefore, is to create a microclimate that attempts to minimize the effects: this is possible only by knowing the terrain. It is clear, in fact, that a plant can grow luxuriantly only on a top quality soil, rich in nutrients: this does not mean that on a poor soil trees can never grow, but simply that those trees will need multiple interventions from part of man to enrich and reinforce the substrate. Still with regard to the soil, it would be preferable to also know the level of acidity: not all plants are able to support the same pH, and for example a rhododendron or camellia risks dying on an alkaline soil. Also the exposure of the garden deserves to be taken into consideration during the design phase. In general, the best exposure is considered to be south-west exposure, which allows the maximum sunshine possible over the course of the day: however, in the presence of particularly hot climates this aspect could turn into a boomerang in the event that one cannot count on a shaded area in front.
The quality of light
It is natural that on the planning of the green space exercises a discreet influence also the quality of the light: an excessive shading can constitute a problem as it translates into a constant feeling of cold for the garden. Trees and surrounding buildings should also be taken into consideration, as they could affect the type and amount of sunshine in the garden. In short, attention, commitment, patience and knowledge are fundamental weapons in the design phase. On the other hand, it does not only imply the choice of flowers and plants and the purchase of accessories: it is a matter of considering numerous aspects of natural life, on which the survival of the green of the house depends. If you have a sufficiently large area, you can decide to divide the garden into different areas depending on the functions: for example, to create a corner for the garden, with the cultivation of some vegetables, a corner dedicated to games , with a swing or a slide for children, a corner dedicated to the kitchen, perhaps installing a charming stone barbecue, and finally a corner for relaxing, with a few benches, a table, chairs and, if possible, a gazebo that keeps objects and people in the shade and under the sheer sun.
The choice of plants
The choice of plants depends on the size of the garden but also on the climate: it is clear that going on the evergreen, like magnolias or conifers, it is safe to go regardless of the climate that these plants have to face. However, these are trees characterized by a certain grandeur, for which, therefore, there is need of sufficient space. Whoever has to deal with a small garden, however, must not become demoralized, because, by sharpening his ingenuity, he can arrive at creative and imaginative solutions: for example by resorting to climbing plants, which wrap themselves around a simple stick, which develops vertically, they do not reduce the available space but rather contribute to widen, albeit apparently, the perspective.
Which materials to focus on
Designing the garden, moreover, also means worrying about the choice of the materials that will constitute it. For example vases: better plastic or terracotta? In this case, it is necessary to be able to understand whether the need for comfort and practicality is stronger, perhaps because the containers will often be moved from one side to the other (and in this case the choice will be made for plastic, which is definitely more comfortable and manageable ) or the need to protect plants with a powerful vessel. But the selection of materials will also concern the paving of the paths that will cross the garden: terracotta tiles, pebbles or gravel represent totally different solutions that respond to different needs (of elegance, in the case of terracotta, practicality, in the case of pebbles , safety, in the case of gravel, definitely recommended for families who have small children).
Edging and water intakes for irrigation systems
We must not forget, during planning, to think about possible water intakes necessary for the construction of an irrigation system. Depending on the arrangement we consider to assign to the plants, in fact, the sockets must be placed at different points. A final element on which to focus attention is represented by the edgings, an accessory that serves to delimit spaces and at the same time provide an aesthetic decoration. Whether they are polychromatic borders or with a single color, they are configured as an element that creates order in the garden, dividing, delimiting and distributing.
Design the garden: garden furniture: Design the garden
In the design of the garden, objects and furnishing accessories take on an increasingly important position, those details that make the difference between one garden and another.
Thus, in the furnishing space, elements such as candles, torches, candle holders and garden stones are needed.
Garden stones are stones of different origins that have mainly two functions: the first one to furnish some garden areas.
The second, and equally important, is to design the flower beds.
The garden stones order the spaces of the garden and define the boundaries in an elegant way, with style and giving a touch of color.