The preparation of a terrace, compared to that of a garden, has some differences.
The most remarkable refers to the type of housing of the plants which, in this case, must remain potted and not planted directly in the ground; this also implies a different type of irrigation, aimed at avoiding possible water stagnations at the level of the pots, preferably with gravel or pebbles, to favor the drainage of the soil.
In addition, plants have less space than a garden and, therefore, it becomes even more important to study in advance if their coexistence can be a problem and if there are risks of incompatibility.
A final aspect to consider is the possible intolerance of plants in polluted environments, which are typical of urban areas where, usually, terraces are located.
Before proceeding to the choice of plants, it is advisable to examine some aspects, namely:
- extension of the terrace
- weather conditions
- type of sunshine
- type and material of the containers
- possible presence of polluting agents (some varieties of vegetables do not tolerate them)
- coexistence between plants
In the choice of species, which must always be a variety from the outside, it is possible to address to:
- shrubby plants
- herbaceous plants
- flowering plants
- climbing plants
- evergreen plants
- fat plants
- trees of medium or small size (only if the terrace is very large)
Generally, in setting up a terrace, the main purpose is of ornamental nature.
Consequently also the chosen plants will have to perform this function.
It is a herbaceous flowering plant, recommended for filling medium-sized vessels.
It has a strong and erect stem, with a height of up to 40 70 cm. , of a bright green color, which supports thin and lanceolate leaves.
The flowers, with petals with irregular margins, are gathered in flower head inflorescences, with a more external crown of large and sterile elements and an inner one of small and fertile elements, of blue, white or pink color.
They are very fragrant and bloom abundantly throughout the spring.
The fruits are achenes with a volatile and feathery appendage.
It requires a soft and well drained soil, possibly enriched with river sand and organic material.
It is a resistant and well adaptable plant that lives in every climate and that bears the proximity of other plants.
It must be watered often and fertilized every 2 months with liquid fertilizers.
It is a fast-growing, ornamental herbaceous plant, commonly known as: "Banana Rosa".
It has an arborescent stem, erect, up to 2 meters high, of yellowish green color.
The leaves are large, with a considerable thickness, waxy, bright green with evident pink veins, and with a superimposed insertion.
The fruits, the main attraction of the plant, have the appearance of small elongated bananas, covered with a layer of downy, rosy colored, and are edible for humans.
It requires a soft and well drained soil, enriched with peat, sand, and with finely shredded bark, to ensure a correct level of humidity preventing water stagnation.
It must be exposed in bright areas of the terrace, but not in direct sunlight.
It is a flowery herbaceous plant, with stems of a sticky consistency and with a hanging posture, very suitable for forming cascades of color if placed on windowsills or in ornamental vases.
The leaves are oval, viscous, covered with a layer of light green hair.
The flowers have a corolla with a tubular shape in the lower part that continues upward with 5 lobes; they have bright colors in shades of white, pink, red, purple.
The flowering is very abundant and continues throughout the spring and part of the summer.
It requires a non-calcareous, soft and well-drained soil, rich in organic material and shredded bark.
It must be watered every 2 days in the warm months, as it tends to wither easily.
It prefers bright areas, but not a direct exposure to the sun's rays.
It is a perennial herbaceous flowering plant used to set up ornamental pots, also due to its very early flowering.
It has straight stems, of reduced height (up to 30 cm.), Which hold oval and elongated leaves, with continuous margins, of bright green color, crossed by evident veins.
The flowers, wrapped in bracts, come together in umbrella or cluster inflorescences, and present vivid colors ranging from white, to yellow, pink, red, purple.
The fruits are small capsules.
The plant requires a light and well-drained soil with a slightly acid component.
It must be exposed in bright areas, but not in direct sunlight. watered often and fertilized using fertilizers rich in nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium.
Terrace design: BEGONIA
It is a succulent, flowery plant, very suitable for filling ornamental pots.
It has a succulent stem, height between 20 and 40 cm.
The leaves are rounded, fleshy, shiny, bright green or reddish, and are edible for humans.
The male flowers are inconspicuous, while the female ones are more showy; they have colors that vary between white, pink and red.
The fruits are small leathery triangular capsules.
It requires a soft and well drained soil, enriched with organic material.
It must be displayed in areas with indirect solar lighting.