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Although its fruit cannot really be considered (the achenes, that is, the black-colored seeds that surround it), it must be said that a strawberry develops from the fragaria. This type of plant is quite widespread, thanks also to the many species present in Europe, Asia and America that make it present in practically the whole world. It should be specified that what differentiates one species of fragaria from another is the number of chromosomes (from a minimum of two up to a maximum of ten pairs) which determine different characteristics: first of all to signal the robustness of the plant itself; then follow the size of its fruits and, finally, the beneficial properties of the fragaria itself. Well yes, although not many people are aware of it, a fragaria plant has several beneficial properties, which is why it is often used in the herbalist and also homeopathic field to treat different pathologies; because of its fruits, the fragaria prefers a soil typical of the undergrowth, rather humid and shady as, after all, all the plants that produce the so-called "berries". Below is a mini guide that will show you the benefits and different areas of use of the fragaria plant, as well as how to use it and prepare it to the fullest.
The species of the gragaria plant
Although many people are not aware of it, the fragaria plant has more than twenty different species, scattered throughout the world; what differentiates one species from another is the number of pairs of chromosomes, from a minimum of two (diploids), to a maximum of ten (decaploids). Here are the different species subdivided by number of pairs of chromosomes, born from the cross between the fragaria vesca (the most common) and other varieties, thus giving life to entirely hybrid species:
- in the diploids the Fragaria daltoniana and the Fragaria nubicola Lindl that grow on the Himalayas, the Fragaria iinumae Makino (typical of eastern Russia and Japan), the Fragaria nilgerrensis Schlecht are included. typical of the southern part of Asia, the Makino Japanese Fragaria, the Fragaria vesca Coville (better known as wild strawberry), the Fragaria viridis Duchesne of Europe and central Asia and the Fragaria yezoensis H.Hara;
- Fragaria cinese moupinensis Cardot and Fragaria orientalis are included in the tetraploids;
- only Fragaria europea moschata Duchesne is included in the exaploids;
- very numerous, then, the so-called octoploid species, which include the Fragaria ananassa Duchesne, the Fragaria chiloensis from different parts of the world and the Fragaria iturupensis Staudt;
- finally in the decaploids to be reported the Fragaria potentilla and the Fragaria vescana.
The beneficial properties of the fragaria
As mentioned in the introductory part, the fragaria is not a simple plant that produces fruits like strawberries, but it is a type of vegetable capable of bringing considerable benefits and nutritional elements, which is why it is widely used not only in the herbalist field, but also homeopathic. As mentioned above, the most common species with beneficial properties is the fragaria vesca (or wild strawberry) with marked anti-inflammatory, diuretic, depurative and lowering blood pressure; another species that is highly appreciated from a healing point of view is the fragaria vitis, born from the mixture of wild strawberry with vine leaves, optimal for all liver diseases. Finally, the fragaria x ananassa is nothing but the common strawberry, with properties almost identical to those of the fragaria vesca, but with the only difference in the size of the fruit; in fact, the differentiation between the wild strawberry (with its small size, its sweet taste and its intense color) and the common strawberry (with its larger size, with a lighter color and flavor, however sweet) is known. . It must therefore be emphasized that all the species used in the curative field all derive from the mixture of fragaria vesca, vitis or ananassa, the three main species from which all the others were born.
How to use the fragaria plant for beneficial properties
If you decide to use the fragaria plant for beneficial purposes, it is good to know that on the market it is available mainly in the form of three different formulations: herbal tea, decoction and tablets. It must be specified, first of all, that not all species of fragaria can be found in all three formulations, as not all of them are suitable. In particular, the fragaria vesca (or wild strawberry) is advisable to take it in the form of herbal tea or decoction, while the fragaria vitis it is particularly suitable for use as tablets. Finally, as regards dosage, we recommend taking tablets three times a day, but for a period not exceeding 45 days; however, follow the recommended dosage.