Design a small garden
In order to carry out small garden projects, it is necessary to take into account the small size of the surface that must be treated. This does not mean, however, that creating a small garden is disadvantageous compared to creating a large garden; indeed, quite the opposite often happens, since a small green space can be cured, irrigated and maintained more easily than in endless expanses that require money, space and time.
Of course, the goal of those preparing to set up a small garden is to try to optimize spaces, trying to provide a feeling of depth. How to do? A first trick consists, quite simply, in resorting to climbing plants which, developing upwards, allow to dedicate space to other species or to other purposes without renouncing the vivacity of glossy leaves and colored flowers. It is the case, for example, of wisteria, particularly widespread in Italian homes, but also of ivies: species which, among other things, have the advantage of requiring limited care and showing few needs in terms of fertilization and irrigation. Creepers can develop around a pole or a specially placed support, or around the trunks of other trees or on a wall.
In the creation of a small garden, it would be preferable to concentrate on a single style, in the sense that the combination of different styles in a small space would risk being rather out of tune. In case you want to privilege the feeling of freedom provided by a grassy space, in the center of the garden you can leave some free lawn, confining the plants to a peripheral area, so that they do not take up too much space: for this reason, it could be useful privilege the cultivation in pots compared to cultivation in the open ground, in order to have the possibility to move the plants in case of need (and among other things, during the winter months, they can be hospitalized without problems in the home protecting them from the cold and from the risks caused by possible frosts). In the case in which, instead, we want to dedicate attention to a specific plant (for example a growing tree), it can be placed in the center of the garden, as a sort of focal point around which the rest of the vegetation develops .
It is clear that, having to do with reduced spaces, the choices cannot be many: in short, placing a seven meter high pine tree in a small garden would certainly not be a winning solution.
In the design phase, however, the topography must also be considered, that is to say the set of characteristics that define the type of garden: for example, a rugged, irregular, regular position, and so on. We must not make the mistake of trying to adapt the reality of the garden to our intentions, while we must demonstrate the opposite attitude, that is, to adapt our desires and our will to the dimensions and conformation of the available space. In short, it will prove strange and impractical to try to apply a regular and rigid pattern on an irregular and moving surface, and in the same way a completely flat surface will hardly be compatible with reliefs and gradients. In the event that, however, gradients and slopes were present naturally, it is advisable to take advantage of it, for example by constructing terraces or small walls at slopes. Finally, within the small garden that is being created, the microclimate that characterizes it must be considered, that is to say the set of precipitations, temperatures, winds that constitute the climatic conditions of a reduced territory area. A simple hill, a group of tall trees, an eight-story building: it may seem strange, but each of these elements is able to change the temperature significantly, simply by creating shadows or providing protection from the wind. A small garden positioned at the foot of a hill will show lower temperatures than a small garden located at the top of that same hill, since the cold air moves downwards, as well as a small green space facing south and sloping will be hit by the sun's rays to a greater extent than in a flat space. These are all elements to be taken into account in the planning and implementation phase.
Small garden projects: Which plants to choose for the garden
Finally, you can proceed to the choice of plants, obviously not bulky: for a sunny garden, you can opt for surfinie, more and more widespread in recent years by virtue of the many varieties available, different in size, shape and colors. These are flowers that love shade from mid-afternoon onwards, which need to be constantly wet and require a high potassium content fertilizer, to be added to the soil once a week. Geraniums are also very beautiful and easy to take care of, characterized by an abundant flowering that takes place in the last days of October. These plants are also suitable for beginners and those who believe they do not have a green thumb, with red and orange inflorescences. Also in this case, among the zonal geraniums and hanging geraniums, the range available is very wide.