Garden set up
When preparing to tackle the setting up of the garden it is important to have fairly precise ideas both on the intended use and on the conditions under which it will operate.
Availability of space and time, economic resources must guide the choices in order to find the optimal solutions not only for its creation, but also for its maintenance over time. Water limits or particular atmospheric conditions must make you lean towards realistic and rational choices. A garden of roses, no matter how much our aspiration may be, in certain contexts it is absolutely to be excluded, it could be preferred, for example, a typical Mediterranean garden, with more contained needs and equally capable of giving color and perfume delights.
The main factors to be evaluated in the preliminary phase of creating and setting up the garden essentially concern three fundamental environmental characteristics: type of soil, climate and water availability.
Although some technical interventions may be able to improve certain environmental conditions, allowing a certain adaptability to the different species to be implanted, the goal should be to optimize existing resources as much as possible.
The parameters that characterize the type of terrain concern both its structure (texture, thickness, slope) and its chemical peculiarities (acidity or basicity, mineral and organic elements, etc.). In fact, a clay and cold soil can effectively accommodate some ornamental species and not others. A soil poor in phosphorus or in organic substance must suitably direct the annual fertilizations.
Regarding the climatic aspects, great attention must be paid to the temperature trend during the year, with the identification of any thermal zeroes, late spring frosts, peaks of summer temperatures above 35 ° C. These data, easily available at different online sites, specialized in climatology and divided by regions and provinces, should be accompanied by those relating to rainfall and its seasonal distribution.
Watering, especially in the summer months, may support the inevitable natural water shortages, but the volumes of water available for irrigation interventions will have to carefully guide the choice of the species to be supported.
Finally, identifying exposure and prevailing winds can guide both the subsequent design phase and the choice of the location of the different plants within the garden.
Design and choice of plants
In addition to the obvious possibility of rationalizing the spaces in relation to specific fruition needs, a timely design of the garden allows the creation of suitable combination areas of different plant species that are well suited for agronomic synergy and aesthetic harmony.
Walkways, fixed irrigation systems, service areas for gardening activities, spaces dedicated to relaxation or play, any small vegetable gardens, artificial ponds must be organized with a certain precision, both for what concerns the location and for their extension .
Starting from the confines of the garden, you will have to proceed towards your heart, imagining the natural developments that every plant element will have over time. But above all we must strive to satisfy as much as possible the characteristics of the terrain and its exposure.
If you intend to plant a small vegetable garden, for example, the chosen area should be the best for slope and soil characteristics. Green windbreak barriers can usefully surround and protect flower production areas. Green or floral hedges can delimit enjoyable spaces, equipped for banquets or games.
The solutions can of course be the most varied and imaginative, fundamental, however, it is to keep in mind that, when they approach different species between them, they must present a high degree of reciprocal compatibility. The root exudates of some shrubs, for example, can inhibit the growth of some flowering plants.
Therefore, not only must each plant be able to be chosen in relation to its needs of adaptability with the environment, but also according to the neighborhood relations that it is intended to create.
Nursery and nursery grower will therefore be the best allies from whom to draw materials, ideas, knowledge, experience and orientation in the choice among the innumerable possible plant species.
Once the spaces and the architectural elements have been distributed, on each distinct area of the garden it will be necessary to proceed to possible leveling, stone removal, bottom fertilization with organic soil conditioners, laying of pipes and water points for the irrigation system , preparation of light points with relative electrical system, if provided. Under certain conditions, it will also be possible to provide special underground drainages, in the event that there were obvious problems of water stagnation.
The location of individual plants, the formation of lawns and hedges will have to adapt to the needs of the species chosen and to the optimal physiological period for their planting. In principle, both for evergreen plants and for deciduous trees, the optimal time to start planting is the autumnal one.
Braces, rods and special boundary cords can be of help for the exact creation of ground geometries. Imagination and a precise mapping will do the rest.
Set-up and care of the garden naturally presuppose a basic equipment in essential equipment for the correct execution of the different cultivation operations and above all a sheltered place where they can be kept.
From tools for working the soil (spades, shovels, hoes, rakes, shovels and hoes) to those for pruning (scissors and shears), from artifacts useful for planting seedlings and bulbs (foraterra with punch, trowel, piantabulbi), up to those to be used for pesticide treatments (pressure pumps, shoulder sprayers, bellows sprayers), the equipment in a garden must have the purpose of making ordinary and extraordinary interventions easy and rational of gardening.
Alongside these easy-to-use and low-cost tools, more and more often in gardens, there are also shredders, suitable for chopping up the residues of mowing and pruning for the formation of compost, and the useful brushcutters with shoulder, with electric or petrol engine, for weed out quickly and systematically.