Design the green: which plants to grow
Designing green means thinking about the plants that could best be placed in a garden. The choice, of course, depends on the climate, the season and the needs of the species. In short, in a rather cold environment, with temperatures below five degrees, it will be inadvisable to place succulent plants, which instead prefer a temperature between ten and eleven degrees. It is also necessary to think about the style of the green space: for a rock garden, for example, aloe and agave will be perfect, with the latter able to withstand even periods of frost as long as short, and with aloe that instead poorly digestes particularly intense frosts.
We must start, of course, from the consideration of the dimensions of the spaces that will have to be set up: the design of a very small garden can never be the same as the design of a very large garden. So if, once the perimeter has been measured, we realize that we are dealing with a space of limited dimensions, we will have to act accordingly, renouncing particularly voluminous plants and trees that exceed five meters in height, instead directing our attention to shrubs, potted crops and climbing plants. As far as potted crops are concerned, the advantage represented by them is that they can be moved very easily both from one side of the garden to the other, and - if needed - inside the house. On the subject of climbing plants, on the other hand, their vertical upward development, twisting on iron supports, trunks or constructions, provides a feeling of greater amplitude, without forgetting that, much more concretely, it saves space. In the presence of large dimensions, on the other hand, it is necessary to deal with care and maintenance that are evidently more constant and frequent: in short, an account is to water and fertilize ten plants, and an account is to water and fertilize forty. Not only because, in the second case, there is need for much more time, but also because it is not said that all plants have the same needs from the point of view of irrigation and fertilization: for each of them it may be necessary a specialized treatment. This is why those who, despite having a very large garden, believe they are not able to manage it completely, often choose to reduce it, that is to say, to delimit a part of it, so as to leave the remaining space uncultivated, as if it was a simple landscape.
The lawn: how to sow it, irrigate it, fertilize it and protect it from pests
Designing green means, of course, also taking care of the lawn. To do this, it is first necessary to treat the soil, turning it over the surface with a hoe, and covering it with a layer of a couple of centimeters of specific soil. The sowing of the lawn is usually done with fescue and ryegrass, which have different sprouting times, so as not to leave the green carpet unguarded in any season. Said that fertilization plays a fundamental role but must be evaluated from plant to plant (there are species that need potassium more than phosphorus, others that need phosphorus more than potassium), it is good to pay attention, in the creation of a garden, also to the development of diseases and infections. For this reason, it may be useful to treat crops in a preventative manner with specific anti-parasitic products, so as to defeat the most common enemies of plants, such as red spider mites, scale insects and aphids. As for infections, they often derive from fungi: their appearance depends, in most cases, on excessive humidity. To avoid such situations, it is a good idea to check that the lawn and the plants are not near water stagnation: if necessary, it may be useful to puncture the ground with a fork, from time to time, to create holes that favor the outflow of the water (and at the same time improve the oxygenation of the root system). But water stagnation can also be caused by over-abundant and too frequent irrigations. It is good to know that almost all plants suffer more from an excess of water than from a lack of it: as a general rule, it can be worth the one that involves wetting the soil only when it appears as totally dry.
Design the green: Evaluate the position of the land and exposure to the sun
In the green design phase, a parameter that should be taken into consideration concerns the position of the land on which the garden is to be created. For example, a piece of land located at the top of a small hill will be slightly warmer than a piece of land placed at the foot of that same hill, as warm air goes upwards. Equally important is the exposure to the sun: the best, regardless of the species cultivated, is the one to the south, because it allows you to receive the sun's rays for most of the day. The only trick that must be taken, in the summer, is to create a shelter for those plants that may eventually suffer very high temperatures, keeping them in the shade (in this way you will also avoid burns and burns). Exposure to the east is to be avoided, as it determines very low temperatures already and mid-afternoon.