Care of succulent plants
During the winter we should arrange the succulent plants in greenhouses or in unheated rooms, as most of them manage to survive better without watering. In spring, most succulents are still in winter rest, so it is advisable to wait even longer before starting the fertilization and regular watering. At the beginning of spring you can start pesticide treatments. Every now and then it is advisable to ventilate the room where the succulents are stored, as they can become insolent due to the increase in outside temperatures, because a temperature below 19 ° C must be maintained. In September the succulent plants are still in bloom and therefore we can continue with the fertilization that had been interrupted in August. Furthermore, September is the right time to take cuttings, as well as to proceed with repotting and pruning. Also in September we can start thinking about greenhouses for the winter, so we must try to gather all the species and varieties suitable for the same climate. At the beginning of autumn, if we want to leave our plants outside, we must put them in greenhouses and suspend the watering immediately. Some succulents, on the other hand, need temperatures ranging from 10 to 16 ° c, so they must be stored in the house better on a window sill, as they need lots of light.
Succulent plants like all plant beings can be attacked by fungal diseases, as well as by annoying pests. All of these adversities affect mainly due to the wrong cultivation techniques, incorrect pruning or due to the use of tools, but not only can they also be caused by excess water. The pungent cold, the abundant watering as well as the lacking illumination are the main causes of the diseases that affect this species of plants. In fact, the excess of water creates rot at the roots, the lack of lighting weakens the stem that will begin to become white and herringbone, while the pungent cold goes to crack the stem slowly bringing the plant to certain death. In succulent plants compared to other species it is more difficult to recognize diseases, because, instead of leaves, they more often have thorns. When they are affected by fungal diseases, mold and black spots appear throughout the plant up to the roots. When, instead plant it to the roots. When, on the other hand, the plant tends to turn yellow the cause is excess water and the wrong nutrition, while if they become stunted the cause may be poor lighting and fertilization. In the presence of these drawbacks, the cause must first be removed, so it will be necessary to check the watering and fertilization starting from quality, intensity and frequency. As regards, instead, parasites and fungal diseases it is necessary to intervene with preventive treatments based on fungicide insecticides. These treatments must be carried out for the first time in spring and subsequently in the beginning of winter.
Succulent plant gardens: Some examples of succulent plants
The Adromischus Cooperii, form of the tiny tufts, consisting of small roses with leaves about 7 cm long, oval in shape, thick and sometimes very fleshy. This succulent plant enjoys exposure to the sun, in spring and during the summer it can easily be placed outdoors, instead, during the winter it should be sheltered, as it does not bear temperatures below 16 ° c. From spring to autumn you need to water them regularly, while in winter they can also be left with the dry soil until early spring. The leaves of this succulent plant are often attacked by annoying scale insects, while mushrooms can cause dryness and bring the plant to the fall of the leaves, if this happens we must immediately remove the affected leaves and burn them away from other plants to prevent them from being infected.
The Agave groups as many as 300 different varieties, usually this plant has a very short stem and the leaves are numerous, stocky and very fleshy. The roots are very fine and very long, in fact they manage to reach the water even in depth. This plant blooms during the summer months and once flowered it dies, leaving space for other plants that are generated by suckers or flowers. This plant is characterized by the pungent woody spines present on the tip of the leaves and on the edges. In winter it is advisable to shelter it, as it is a plant of desert origin and does not tolerate temperatures below 5 ° C, moreover, care must be taken not to over-water it, as water stagnation suffers greatly.