Ornamental and fruit trees and plants, flowers, shrubs and creepers can grow and develop in perfect harmony with the surrounding environment if the right precautions are observed and the appropriate care is given to each specimen. The commitment and work necessary for the cultivation and maintenance of the garden are aimed at maintaining a healthy and luxuriant environment that, if necessary, will give the necessary satisfactions, both in aesthetic and healthy terms, of the fruits that have been brought to the table . Obviously some plants grow better in the presence of certain climatic conditions and take root better on soils with specific physical and chemical characteristics, therefore one of the most delicate tasks of a good gardener will be precisely to guarantee to all and in every period of the year the ideal conditions for live and produce good fruit. Afterwards, some plants will be presented that are characterized by the beauty and goodness of the fruits they produce, which, when properly cultivated, adapt perfectly to life in the garden.
Flowers for the garden
The Verbena is the ideal plant for the garden thanks to its flowers that can assume innumerable colors. It can be grown in pots and on the ground in an open and sunny position, it prefers soils rich in organic substances while it does not tolerate stagnant water and excessive soil moisture. The flowers last from May until autumn and there are creeping varieties some centimeters high and an erect variety that can exceed one meter in height. Narciso, belonging to the Amarillidaceae family, originates from Spain, Portugal, Italy, North Africa, China and Japan. It can be comfortably cultivated in the garden because it adapts to live near rocky areas, trees, bushes and can form borders and also tolerates cold and frost. The Narcissus blooms between the winter and the spring and its flowers, very fragrant, can be white, yellow, light orange and pink. Piì di Gallo, from the Ranuncolaceae family, is a plant of European origin about 10 cm high, it is sown in boxes during spring and blooms after three years. The flowers appear in February and are golden yellow and lemon yellow, very fragrant and delicate, sensitive to wind and frost.
The maple is a very common tree, growing both in the plains and in the mountains up to 1500 meters high. It does not require special care and is very resistant to climate and temperature changes. Some species can reach 20 meters in height, but on the market it is possible to buy ornamental varieties of oriental maple indicated for gardens and parks of considerably reduced dimensions. The aesthetic characteristics of the maple are highlighted above all in the shape and color of the very variegated leaves and with colors ranging from deep green to yellow, orange to bright red of some oriental species during the autumn months. It is a very elegant rustic plant that grows very well on dry, deep and slightly sandy soils. Some species develop thick foliage that makes them very elegant but if grown in private gardens they can create large areas of shade and make life difficult for the underlying vegetation. In addition to resisting the strong sun and winter cold, the maple also bears pollution and city smog very well, which makes it suitable for public gardens, avenues and private gardens bordering streets or in urban centers.
Garden plants: The almond tree
The almond tree is a tree that adapts very well to domestic cultivation and although it does not require special care, it can be the victim of some parasites and insects such as the bug and the beetle. It belongs to the rosaceae family native to eastern countries, the almond tree can live for several years and exceed five meters in height. It grows very well on clayey soils and in areas with a warm climate where the fruits are even bigger and tastier. Does not like stagnant water and excessive pruning; an excessive irrigation could in fact cause damage to the roots and the trunk while a severe pruning would react with the production of suckers and rubber from cuts. It is therefore advisable to avoid excess water and carry out moderate pruning with thinning and thinning cuts. The almond blossoms in early spring producing small, very delicate white or pale pink flowers similar to peach blossoms while the fruits ripen between late summer and early autumn. The almond is a dry fruit with an excellent flavor and rich in proteins, widely used by the food industry and in particular by the confectionery industry in the preparation of nougat, confetti, chocolates, etc. and from the cosmetic one for the production of soaps and other specific products for personal hygiene.