Gardening

Make a garden


Make a garden


For the construction of a garden it is advisable to take into consideration some preliminary aspects, namely:
- extension of the garden
- weather conditions
- garden display
- type of sunshine
- coexistence between plant species
- types of land
- possible limiting factors (such as pollution)
There are different landscape models that can be referred to, which are:
* Classic garden
These are installations inspired by extreme aesthetic rigor, with large expanses of green lawns, with neat flowerbeds and hedges cut according to geometric patterns.
It is a very nice garden, which can be artificial
* Rustic garden
It contrasts sharply with the previous one, as its layout is based on spontaneity, where plants, often native, are in balance with each other and with the surrounding nature.
It is an example of a country garden, not at all artificial.
* Rock garden
It is a garden characterized by the presence of: rocks, river stones and vegetables, which are generally cultivated on terraces.
The plants must be well adaptable to particular climatic conditions (often living in shady areas), and logistic (they have little space available to grow).
* Mediterranean garden
It is a garden rich in shrubby, bushy and evergreen plants, preferably adapted to warm climate conditions (typical of the Mediterranean basin), with leaves of reduced dimensions (to reduce transpiration) and sclerofile
* Zen garden
It is a garden inspired by the principles of Japanese culture, where three elements alternate: water, rocks and plants; whose disposition has the purpose of allegorically representing man's journey towards eternity.
His particularly well-groomed appearance stimulates contemplation and implies a flow of energy between man and nature
Once the type of garden from which you want to take inspiration is chosen, the plants to be housed can be:
- arboreal plants
- shrubby plants
- evergreen plants
- climbing plants
- herbaceous plants
- flowering plants
- Mediterranean plants
- fat plants
- aquatic plants (if there is a body of water)
Finally it is always useful to organize the area that can be cultivated in a varied way, with ornamental areas that alternate with shaded areas; with evergreen corners coexisting with espaliers or palisades covered with climbing plants, to give the garden a decorative but also useful appearance.

SPECIES ARBOREE



BEECH TREE
It is an ornamental tree, with an erect and columnar stem, up to 30 40 meters high, which supports a thick and luxuriant conical crown.
The leaves are oval in shape, with a wavy edge and have evident veins, of a bright green color, petiolate and with an alternate insertion.
The flowers are gathered in inflorescences: the male ones have the appearance of pendulous glomeruli, the female ones are formed by 2 or 3 flowers wrapped in numerous bracts.
The fruit is a small triangular nut enclosed in a hard shell, similar to a hedgehog, and is edible for humans.
It is a plant that is well suited to both the various types of soil and the different climatic conditions.
WHITE FIR
It is a long-lived and imposing tree, up to 40 meters high, with a slender trunk covered with a smooth and dark gray bark, which supports many branches arranged horizontally.
The leaves are bright dark green and have a rounded margin.
The fruits have the appearance of cylindrical and compact pine cones, arranged in the apical portion of the plant, of a color that changes from light green to dark brown.
It requires a deep, fresh and well-drained soil, and an exposure in bright areas of the garden.
It prefers environmental conditions with considerable humidity and tolerates the cold well.

ARBUSTIVE SPECIES



MIMOSA
It is a shrubby plant, evergreen and flowery, very decorative due to the presence of beautiful flowers.
It has a semi-woody stem, with a height of up to 10 15 meters, which supports the bipinnate leaves, dark green, very delicate.
The flowers are gathered in flower head inflorescences, with a soft and feathery appearance, very fragrant, of an intense yellow and golden color.
The flowering is early, but does not last long: from January to March.
The fruits are dark legumes, containing a large quantity of seeds.
It requires a deep, well-drained soil with an acid component and enriched with peat, humus and river sand.
It must be positioned in sunny areas and at mild temperatures (never below 15 degrees).
2 fertilization cycles must be carried out: in spring and in autumn

To make a garden: SPECIES FIORITE



ZINNIA
It is a herbaceous plant with a bushy, erect and branched stem, up to a meter high, which supports dark green oval leaves.
The flowers are grouped in simple and double white, yellow, orange, pink, red inflorescences, with a striking and extremely ornamental appearance.
It lives well on any type of terrain, prefers sunny areas and warm temperatures, which should never fall below ten degrees.
It must be watered regularly and fertilized at least once a month, using a liquid fertilizer, rich in nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium.
It is used to set up colored flowerbeds or borders, but also decorative containers, as it lives well packaged.