The attached houses are a good solution to save space when you have a garden or an open space, to which it is appropriate to give continuous maintenance with tools of any kind. They are in fact used to store tools (which can range from simple gardening tools, such as brooms, pallets ... but also motorized tools) in a sheltered and self-contained space. In this way, the leaning house it becomes the ideal place to store utensils that you always want to have on hand, but at the same time want to keep separate from the rest of the house.
A leaning house it can be built mainly in wood or metal, although there are also plastic ones (less common). The wooden ones are generally much more elegant than those made of metal, as they are also more comfortable and workable, as well as being much more sensitive to the surrounding environment. In fact, in order to improve their aesthetic adaptation to the environment in which they will be placed, it is common to paint the houses according to the color and style that is desired so as to integrate them very well into the landscape surrounding each garden (or any other open space). For this reason they can be built using the classic "do it yourself" technique, or they can be purchased already ready: in both cases, however, it is advisable to strictly follow the building regulations, as otherwise you could incur a risk of illegal activity. Alternatively to the first two options, it is possible to buy an assembly kit for a leaning house (there are various prices, depending on the type of material and size).
At the national Italian and European level attached houses for the truth, they do not recognize a wide diffusion, unlike other countries (such as America) that have recognized their usefulness over time, and where they are even built on two or more levels of height.
Types of attached houses
The common typologies of leaning houses, are those that rest the back part to a wall of the house, in such a way as to guarantee a better stability and a more rapid anchorage, through appropriate plugs (easily available in the market). In this way it will be possible to build a garden shed to be used not only as a tool shed, but also as a storage room, wood storage and various tools. There are also many others of this type of house, of various sizes, suitable for various purposes, such as small houses specifically designed for wood, or small houses for tools, or even small houses originally used for children.
Beyond the more classic leaning houses, the market nowadays offers structured panels, easy to assemble and disassemble, which can be easily used during a camping or other similar event.
As for the current legislation on the construction of houses, while for the houses not anchored to the ground there is no legal obligation to be respected (if they have the character of temporary), the type houses are always anchored to the ground and for this reason requires the consent of the Technical Office of one's own Municipality. In each municipality there are specific and different rules to be respected, of the burdens and limits, and for this reason the costs and the characteristics of a leaning house can vary greatly depending on the municipality of reference.
For these reasons it is advisable to first request a Building License in order to obtain and publish the DIA (the Report of Start of Activity) always through the Technical Office of the Municipality. It must be presented at least 30 days before the start of the works, together with a report of the project which will be evaluated according to the safety regulations.
How to build a leaning house
The first thing to do to build a leaning house is naturally to get the materials on which we will build it. If we suppose we have to build a small house for tools, we will need: 6 square-section poles, raw fir beads, 5 joists, nails, Canadian bituminous tiles, hammer, circular saw, spirit level, plumb line, water-based impregnating agent and brushes for water-based products (the measurements of all these tools may vary according to your needs).
Once all the necessary tools have been assembled, and after having established what will go to support the house, the poles will be fixed first to the ground (if the floor is made of concrete, expansion plugs will be used for fixing). The poles will then be connected together through two joists and two other joists will be used to form the roof frame and give a certain stability to the whole structure. Subsequently the fir-tree beads will be nailed, starting from the side ones at the bottom and starting from the wall on which the house is set. Once all the beads are nailed, the sloping roof will be cut obliquely using the circular saw. Lastly, the beads of the front part of the house and the remaining sides will be nailed, taking care to cut them where appropriate to leave room for the door to be opened, which will be inserted with two jambs and the related architrave.