Garden

Mediterranean garden


Mediterranean garden


The Mediterranean garden is cultivated in areas characterized by a hot and arid climate, typical of the Mediterranean basin countries, where summers are long and often sultry and where rainfall can be very scarce.
Mediterranean plants are therefore mainly shrubby or bushy species, often evergreen, with small leaves, sometimes sclerophilous, well adaptable and resistant, which do not require special care.
Before setting up a garden of this kind, it is advisable to examine some preliminary factors, namely:
- extension of the cultivable area
- exposure
- weather conditions
- sunshine
- type of irrigation
- types of land
- coexistence between plants

Juniper



It is an evergreen shrub, up to 5 meters high, with semi-woody stems that support linear needle-like leaves of an intense green color.
The flowers are gathered in inflorescences with small male elements of yellow color and greenish female elements.
The fruit, called galbulo, is a brownish-colored berry, rich in seeds, edible for humans and with medicinal properties.
It lives well on all types of terrain, even uncultivated and brackish, as it is a rustic and very resistant variety.
It requires well-drained soils and fertilized with organic substance.

Tamerice



It is a shrubby plant, flowery and ornamental, with a stem of height up to six meters, which holds a sparse foliage and developed vertically.
The branches are thin and elongated, covered by a dark bark tending to purple red.
The leaves are small, sessile, triangular in shape, glabrous, of a fleshy consistency, resembling small needles.
The flowers are gathered in spike inflorescences, cylindrical, light pink, up to five centimeters long.
The fruits are pyramidal brown capsules.
It requires a calcareous and sandy, soft and well-drained soil.
It must be exposed in sunny places, even under direct sunlight.
It is a well adaptable variety that tolerates drought and is also resistant to air pollution.
It adapts well to brackish soils, which is why it is often housed in areas near the sea.
It is advisable to fertilize every two years with organic fertilizer.

Heather



It is a perennial shrubby plant, of rustic variety, which has stems with bushy growth, very branched, up to a meter high.
The leaves are needle-like, small and verticillate, green or rust yellow.
The flowers are gathered in spiked or raceme inflorescences, white or bright red.
Flowering occurs when the temperature is between seven and fifteen degrees.
It is a very adaptable plant, used to create ornamental color spots.

Lavender


It is a bushy, aromatic and evergreen plant, belonging to the Mediterranean scrub, which forms thick and ornamental tufts with rapid growth.
The stem is herbaceous, up to a meter high, and holds narrow and elongated silvery green leaves.
The flowers are gathered in spike inflorescences, purple in color, very fragrant.
It requires a well-drained soil, preferably a limestone component.
Being a rustic variety, it is well adaptable and resistant, even in extreme conditions.

Caper


It is a shrubby, evergreen plant, with a woody stem of height up to 1 meter, which grows on rocks, stones or even in the cracks of the walls, being a very adaptable and resistant species.
The leaves are petiolate, fleshy and covered with a thin layer of down.
The flowers are large, very showy and pinkish white.
The fruit is an elongated capsule, green on the outside and pink inside, where it has a fleshy consistency; it is edible for humans.

Myrtle



It is an evergreen, bushy shrub with a semi-woody stem, up to two meters high, covered with a reddish yellow bark.
The leaves are oval, dark green and glossy.
The flowers have a corolla with five white or pink petals, solitary, with a very intense aroma.
The fruits are oval-shaped berries, of an intense blue color, with a fleshy consistency.
The plant, which belongs to the Mediterranean scrub, requires warm climates, with temperatures never lower than five degrees, and is well adaptable.
It is used to form aromatic and ornamental bushes in the garden.

Rosemary



It is a shrubby, bushy, aromatic plant, belonging to the Mediterranean scrub, with medium height stems (up to 3 meters), of woody consistency and very branched, light brown in color.
The leaves are leathery, elongated and lanceolate, needle-like, with continuous edges, covered with a thin layer of white hair, dark green, sessile and inserted in the opposite way.
They emit a very intense aroma, caused by the presence of numerous oil glands.
The flowers, of small dimensions, have a bell-shaped calyx and a bilabiate corolla, with 2 stamens provided with a small apical tooth.
Flowering lasts from May to October.
The fruits are long and smooth achenes, brownish in color
It requires a well-drained soil enriched with sand and peat.
It must be planted in sunny areas and exposed to temperate and warm climates ...