The arrangement of a garden consists in housing some species of plants which, depending on the different environmental and landscape conditions, can be:
- arboreal plants (to create large areas of shade, when the available space allows it)
- shrubby plants (advisable if smaller spaces are available)
- climbing plants (when there is a need to cover walls, espaliers or palisades for ornamental purposes)
- bushy plants (to fill in not very large areas)
- evergreen plants (to ensure spots of color even during the winter months)
- herbaceous plants (to set up flower beds or small spaces)
- flowering plants (to create colored and decorative corners)
- succulent plants (where there are predisposed climatic conditions)
- Mediterranean plants (in areas characterized by the warm climate typical of the Mediterranean basin)
- rustic plants (for gardens that do not require special care)
- aromatic and medicinal plants (cultivated for culinary or curative purposes)
- aquatic plants (if a body of water is present)
Before preparing for the creation of a cultivated area, generally for ornamental purposes, it is possible to analyze some garden models to be inspired, namely:
* Classic garden
It is an installation inspired by an extreme aesthetic rigor, with wide expanses of green lawns, neat flowerbeds and hedges cut according to geometric patterns.
It is a very nice garden, which can be artificial
In this case plants of every type are chosen: trees (even tall trees, if the size of the area is sufficiently large), shrubby or bushy plants (to create splashes of color), evergreen plants (to ensure a lively appearance even during the winter months), herbaceous and flowering plants (to create ornamental areas).
* Rustic garden
It contrasts sharply with the previous one, as its layout is based on spontaneity, where plants, often native, are in balance with each other and with the surrounding nature.
It is an example of the typical "country garden", not at all artificial.
The most suitable plants for this type of preparation are shrubby and bushy, rustic, evergreen varieties, which do not require particular care, often aromatic and medicinal.
Sometimes there is also an area for the cultivation of vegetable gardens.
* Rock garden
It is a garden characterized by the presence of: rocks, river stones and vegetables, which are generally cultivated on terraces between the rocky elements.
The plants must be well adaptable to particular climatic conditions (often living in shady areas), and logistic (as they have little space available to grow).
The chosen species can be shrubby and bushy, climbing, evergreen, such as: heather, wild bellflower, fern, aromatic plants
* Mediterranean garden
It is a garden rich in shrubby, bushy and evergreen and climbing plants, preferably adapted to warm climate conditions (typical of the Mediterranean basin), with leaves of reduced dimensions (to reduce transpiration) and sclerophilous type.
These are arboreal plants typical of the Mediterranean maquis (such as: olive, laurel, myrtle) and shrubs (such as: juniper, tamarisk, lavender, heather).
Often there is a corner intended for aromatic plants.
* Zen garden
It is a garden inspired by the principles of Japanese culture, where three elements alternate: water, rocks and plants; whose disposition has the purpose of allegorically representing man's journey towards eternity.
Its particularly well-groomed appearance stimulates contemplation and determines the onset of a flow of energy between man and nature
The plants housed most frequently belong to the evergreen, shrubby, in some cases even flowery varieties, such as for example: bamboo, fern, azalea, heather
Arrangement of gardens: Furnishing gardens
In addition to the plants, which undoubtedly represent the most important aspect of the installation, various structures can also be used to furnish the garden, such as: benches, outdoor tables and chairs, swings, umbrellas and gazebos
BENCHES are generally structures made of wood slats treated with waterproofing paints or of metal painted with anti-rust enamels.
They are often placed in the most shady areas of the garden, under trees with thick and wide foliage, or near tall trees.
The UMBRELLONS are structures designed to create areas of shade in the garden and consist of a metal or wood support, inserted on a concrete base, which supports a large portion of very resistant and waterproofed fabric.
GAZEBOS are rectangular or rarely cylindrical structures, with a metal frame anchored to the ground that supports a roof made of waterproof fabric from which, sometimes, mobile walls descend that can be fixed by hooks or straps.
SWEETS, made up of metal structures and covered with cushions of various shapes and sizes, perform a purely ornamental task, creating very usable corners.
Before setting up and setting up a garden it is useful to consider some details both of a logistical and environmental nature that could condition the realization, and precisely:
- extension of the available area
- weather conditions
- types of land
- type of irrigation
- coexistence between plants
- any limiting and harmful factors