Creating a garden is not as simple as it might seem, but by following some advice it will be possible to make it without too much effort. Obviously, like any creation that concerns the green and the environment, much attention and care is always necessary, so as to avoid ruining the work done. The garden is the set of various elements that must be combined in a wise manner: the lawn, the flowers, the plants, but also the hedge, the stairs, the walls, possible access roads.
Before deciding how to decorate your garden, you need to consider the climatic and landscape context in which it is inserted: a lot changes depending on the city or the country where you are located, and especially the plant species suitable for growing in a certain environment change.
Therefore, carefully observe both the landscape and the surrounding climate, look at the materials most commonly used in the area, as well as the other gardens of the same country, so as to understand what the general trend is.
In any case, the garden will have to reflect what the owner wants, without letting himself be influenced too much by passing fashions and dubious tastes, or that in any case present impractical solutions.
Factors to consider
Each person has his own personal style, but to create a garden, one must also look at the surrounding environment: a garden composed entirely of tropical plants in the open countryside would be strange and almost inappropriate.
The climate is also very important for the development and maintenance of various plant species, almost all of them: for this reason it is necessary to evaluate well before deciding how the garden will look like the wind, as well as that of summer temperatures and minimum temperature recorded usually in winter.
Each garden is different from the other, so the solutions provided change depending on the size, depending on the terrain, the location, and many other factors.
There are some general rules that apply in most cases, but which may vary in particular conditions, especially in the presence of specific needs; for example, if you want to avoid the presence of architectural barriers, some solutions, such as stairs, small steps, or an internal road of stones are to be eliminated at the start.
Design and preparation of the land
Before choosing plants and garden decorations, consider the space you have available, and look at how you could actually exploit them. Through a small project it will be possible to better understand the different possible options. Once this project has been created, evaluate the preferred plant species and decorations, so as to understand which materials are needed and which can be roughly the final expense.
Once the layout of the garden has been decided, at least in principle, you can start preparing the ground.
Remove all the weeds present, then rake every part of the garden, and arrange an irrigation system, which will allow the lawn and the plants not to remain without water even in the absence or forgetfulness of the owner. If you decide to plant some shrub or small tree, you can first delimit the plant area with some stones, perhaps using some to create a small path. After carefully choosing the areas in which to place the plants, you can move on to sowing the lawn.
How to choose the right plants
First of all, when you have little space you need to think about plants that are not overly large, or just a few plants, so that each has its own space and does not get in the way of others, preventing them from growing adequately. Remember that the plants must not touch each other, otherwise they risk growing incorrectly or seeing their potential for growth reduced considerably.
Therefore we must avoid too close plants, and not only for this reason, but also for the convenience of pruning, which is evidently reduced when the spaces are small.
Choose, if possible, plants that are aesthetically beautiful for many months a year: in a small garden the choice is limited, and every plant is noticeable. A false note, perhaps outside the classic flowering seasons, would immediately be noticed.
Shrubs and small trees are generally preferred, possibly with a particular stem color, with berries or flowers that are very colorful or different from the usual ones, so as to attract attention at a first glance.
The choice of plants is always influenced by their own aesthetic tastes: in any case, if possible, look at those specimens that grow slowly, in order to avoid too demanding maintenance and to be able to closely follow the development of the plant, intervening when it is the case of change something.