The term "home gardens" generally refers to a variable area of cultivable land surrounding a private home.
The size of this gardens is the most limiting condition for the construction, since, being able to have a lot of space, it is able to house arboreal and shrubby plants of considerable heights, while when space is reduced, the choice must necessarily turn towards herbaceous, climbing or bushy plants.
Before any kind of realization it is always useful to consider some aspects, and that is:
- extension of the garden area of the house
- climatic and environmental conditions
- types of irrigation
- types of land
- type and materials of containers for potted plants
- coexistence between species
- possible limiting factors
- possible proximity to urban areas
The setting up of a garden implies on the one hand the choice of the plants to be housed, and on the other hand, if there is enough space, the insertion of outdoor furniture structures, such as: benches, tables and seats, areas of shade formed by gazebos or pergolas covered with climbing species, swings, aquatic areas (not always present).
These are tall trees, with thick and majestic foliage, often ornamental, used to create shady and cool areas.
The most represented types are:
- Beech tree
- white fir
- lime tree
- Maple tree
- red oak
- plane tree
ARBUSTIVE AND CESPUGULOUS SPECIES
These are medium-small sized plants, and in any case smaller than those of trees, which find an ideal location in all areas, with ornamental ornamental purposes.
The most used species are:
They are plants characterized by a typically ascending development, which climb on walls, espaliers or palisades of the house, often for decorative purposes.
Among the most widespread, there are
- Canadian vine
- passion flower
Evergreen, aromatic and flowering species
These are varieties that remain vegetative even during the cold winter months, guaranteeing an always-alive appearance to the garden; they can be climbing, herbaceous, bushy and flowery.
The most commonly used are:
- passion flower
- morning glory
These are shrubby or bushy plants, characterized by the intense aroma emitted by the leaves, which are cultivated for food and medicinal purposes; they are rustic and well adaptable species.
The most common are:
They are herbaceous, shrubby, arboreal, climbing, fat or evergreen plants, characterized by the presence of flowers, which have an ornamental appearance and which are cultivated to create colored and decorative areas in the parks (they can be planted in the ground or remain possessed).
Among the many, the most widespread species are:
- begonia (succulent plant)
- water lily (aquatic plant)
Garden landscape models
It is an installation inspired by a remarkable aesthetic rigor, with wide expanses of green lawns alternated with ordered flower beds and hedges cut according to geometric patterns.
It is a very nice garden, which can be artificial.
In this case the plants to be housed belong to many species: both arboreal (when the size is sufficiently large), shrubby or bushy, or climbing or evergreen, but above all flowery, since the main purpose of this garden is ornamental.
It contrasts with the previous one because its layout is based on spontaneity, where plants, often native, should recreate a balance between themselves and the surrounding nature.
It is an example of a country garden, not at all artificial, but definitely natural.
The plants to choose for this type of preparation are mainly rustic varieties, belonging to adaptable species, bushy and evergreen, but also flowery, often aromatic (like lavender, mimosa, sage, rosemary)
It is a garden characterized by the presence of: rocks, river stones and vegetables, which are generally cultivated on terraces.
The plants must be well adaptable to particular climatic conditions (often living in shady areas), and logistic (they have little space available to grow).
The species to be housed belong to the bush and shrub, evergreen and climbing genus, generally with medium or small dimensions, in relation to the availability of the land in the terraced areas (type: lavender, caper, heather, myrtle, saponaria, wild bellflower)
Mediterranean garden and Zen garden
It is a garden rich in shrubby, bushy and evergreen plants, preferably adapted to warm climate conditions (typical of the Mediterranean basin), with leaves of reduced dimensions (to reduce transpiration) and sclerofile
There is a wide range of vegetables named precisely: "Mediterranean scrub", which possess the indispensable attributes for living and growing in climates of this genus (such as: laurel, juniper, lavender, olive, tamarisk)
It is a garden inspired by the principles of Japanese culture, where three elements alternate: water, rocks and plants; whose disposition has the purpose of allegorically representing man's journey towards eternity.
Often there are pools of water, crossed by bridges, and containing aquatic plants (like the water lily)
His particularly well-groomed appearance stimulates contemplation and creates a flow of energy between man and nature.
The species suitable for this garden are hydrophilic varieties, which prefer fresh and moist environments (such as fern and bamboo), or flowering plants (such as azalea).