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Gardening and flowers


Gardening and flowers


The practice of gardening can be aimed at the cultivation of flowers, both destined to remain on the plant to create ornamental areas of the garden, and destined to be cut down for flower arrangements.
These plants are able to live well both on land and in pots.
Flowering plants can belong to different species, namely:
- arboreal plants (for example the magnoglia)
- shrubby plants (for example the mimosa)
- bushy plants (for example the heather)
- succulent plants (for example begonia)
- climbing plants (eg clematis)
- Mediterranean plants (for example lavender)
- aquatic plants (eg water lily)
- herbaceous plants, and they are the majority (for example the daisy)
The cultivation of flowers implies a thorough knowledge of all the parameters that are connected with their development and growth, namely:
- types of land
- type of sunshine
- weather conditions
- type of irrigation
- shape and material of the vessels
- any limiting factors

Gardening and flowers: TYPES OF FLOWER PLANTS



ORCHID
It is a herbaceous plant, whose flowers are mainly cultivated to be cut and to form decorative compositions.
There are about 1000 varieties, some evergreens, other deciduous, climbing or hanging.
The stem is almost always herbaceous, with small, but very resistant, bulging-looking leaves.
The flower generally has a bulbar form at the bottom which continues apically with a variable number of petals, often lobed.
It is arranged along the branches, with alternate insertion.
It is very showy, decorative, with intense colors ranging from white, to pink, to red, to yellow.
It requires a well-drained soil with a stony component, indispensable to avoid water stagnation that could irreparably damage the root system, causing the plant to die.
It lives well with indirect sunshine and in very humid and temperate climates (its ideal temperature is between 10 and 24 degrees).
It must be watered regularly. alternating irrigation with flower sprays.
It is necessary to regularly carry out bimonthly fertilization cycles using organic fertilizers to reintegrate the absent substances in the stony soils.
GERANIUM
It is a perennial flowering plant, destined to remain potted or buried more than to provide cut flowers.
There are several varieties: with erect or hanging stem (geranium ivy), with aromatic or hairy and heart-shaped leaves, or even hairless, glossy and fleshy.
The flowers have corollas rich in small petals, with bright colors (white, pink, red and purple), often mottled.
It requires a well-drained soil, enriched with blond peat and brown peat, at a pH of around 6, with a clayey component.
It must be exposed in very bright areas, as it tolerates hot and dry climates well and fears excessive humidity.
It is advisable to water regularly during the warm months and to fertilize at least once a month with slow-release liquid fertilizers, low in nitrogen.
HYDRANGEA
It is an ornamental plant destined both to remain potted or planted in the ground and to provide cut flowers.
It is a rather resistant species, which presents rigid and erect herbaceous stems, with lobed and toothed leaves.
The flowers are gathered in panicle inflorescences or corimbo, with white, pink, blue and purple colors.
There is a correlation between the nature of the soil and the gradation of color: acid soils favor blue shades, while alkaline ones favor pink shades.
It requires a fresh, well-drained soil, enriched with peat and humus.
It must be housed in semi-shaded areas with a temperate climate.
Water must be watered frequently during the hot season and fertilized weekly with liquid fertilizers.
DAISY
It is an ornamental herbaceous plant, suitable for providing cut flowers, but also to remain planted, which has an erect, delicate and supple stem, up to fifty centimeters high, of an intense green color.
The leaves are lanceolate, with alternate arrangement.
The flowers have a tubular appearance, enclosed by bracts, with a corolla of white and elongated petals, united in flower-shaped inflorescences, very decorative but not perfumed.
The fruit is an elongated oval achene of black color with white streaks.
It requires a soil with an acid or neutral pH, dry, sandy, well drained, enriched with humus and peat.
It must be housed in sunny areas with a temperate climate since it fears the cold: its ideal temperature is between ten and twenty degrees.
It lives well even in pots, and requires fertilization with liquid fertilizers, rich in iron and magnesium.
ROSE
It is a herbaceous plant, mainly cultivated to provide cut flowers, with a rigid stem covered with thorns. It has lobed leaves with an oval shape and inserted into three or five numbers on a thorny central branch.
The flowers are characterized by corollas with brightly colored petals (white, pink, red), with a fleshy consistency, very fragrant.
Flowering continues throughout spring until early summer, reaching its peak in May.
It requires fertile and well-drained soils, enriched with peat and humus.
It is a very suitable plant to create flower beds, borders, or to fill decorative vases.
TULIP
It is a herbaceous plant, cultivated to provide cut flowers, consisting of a slender stem, up to 1 m tall, dark green, with lance-shaped leaves and with alternate insertion.
The flower has a corolla with very distinct petals, of a fleshy consistency, with a rounded or pointed shape depending on the variety.
It has various colors: white, yellow, pink, red and purple.
It gives off a very pleasant scent.
It requires a well-drained and fertile soil, preferably with a basic and never clayey component. It must be exposed in sunny and warm areas, because it fears the cold.
ZINNIA
It is a herbaceous plant with a bushy, erect and branched stem, up to a meter high, which supports dark green oval leaves.
The flowers are grouped in simple and double white, yellow, orange, pink, red inflorescences, with a striking and extremely ornamental appearance.
It lives well on any type of terrain, prefers sunny areas and warm temperatures, which should never fall below ten degrees.
It must be watered regularly and fertilized at least once a month, using a liquid fertilizer, rich in nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium.
It is used to provide cut flowers, but also to set up colorful flower beds or borders.
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