Growing early zucchini - seeds or seedlings

Growing early zucchini - seeds or seedlings

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A vegetable that does not require special care, but is liked by many. Zucchini is especially appreciated by nutritionists - it is low-calorie and very healthy. It was brought to our area from northern Mexico, where only seeds were used for food. It came to Europe at the beginning of the 16th century and was originally grown in botanical gardens.

Only in the 18th century, the Italians began to use its unripe fruits for food. Since then, he has slowly gained popularity. Today, zucchini is already used in food by many. But in order to enjoy this tasty and healthy vegetable, you need to grow it.

How to choose zucchini seeds for planting?

Zucchini is a plant of the pumpkin family. Its fruits are oblong in shape and in different shades - from almost black to pure white. Today, two varieties of this plant are known - these are ordinary zucchini and zucchini. They belong to the same species, but they are not quite similar to each other in physical properties. Zucchini have a greater number of female flowers and, due to this, an excellent yield.

They have a tender and juicy pulp, and the skin does not coarse for a long time, compared to ordinary varieties of zucchini. However, let's return to the choice of seeds for planting. There are many varieties of this healthy vegetable. You need to choose them depending on what kind of crop and when you plan to get it. It is optimal to have several bushes of different varieties, in which case you will be provided with zucchini from June to October. What to look for when choosing seeds? If you buy them from a store, then to the manufacturer. It is better to purchase seeds from those firms with whose products you are already familiar. Many people choose to grow vegetables for seeds. There are some nuances here.

There are many hybrids that are not suitable for seed production. Therefore, if you decide to get yours, then know that they can only be successful if it was not a hybrid plant. Zucchini seeds are very well stored and do not lose their germination up to 8 years. And even after the expiration date, they can ascend normally.

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Planting - seeds or seedlings?

Zucchini is a rather thermophilic plant and does not withstand the slightest frost, so it is better to grow them in seedlings. This requires peat pots and specialized soil. But if you do not want to spend extra money, then you can prepare the soil yourself. You need to mix compost, peat and garden soil in equal proportions.

Then the prepared soil is moistened, and one grain is laid out in each of the pots, immersed in the soil to a depth of 2-3 cm. Growing seedlings requires a certain temperature regime - from 10 to 22 degrees and good illumination.

With a lack of light, the plants will stretch and turn out thinner. After the sprouts appear, if necessary, they are watered with water at room temperature. During the cultivation of seedlings, it must be fed. It is best to use Kemir's or Agricola's complex fertilizers designed for pumpkin crops for such purposes.

In this case, you do not have to measure the dose for each element and add them separately. In the early days, the plants must be treated with one of the growth stimulants. It will prevent the seedlings from stretching and make them strong and resistant to disease.

We plant zucchini in open ground

Zucchini prefer light nutritious soil and do not tolerate stagnant moisture. Therefore, clay soils are not suitable for them. Moreover, the preparation of the beds for planting must be carried out in the fall, removing the previous crops. It is dug up for the winter, and in the spring it is leveled with a rake, while adding compost and mineral fertilizers. The time for planting in open ground for squash seedlings is 30-35 days. Moreover, if the temperature is still not high enough, it is recommended to cover it with a film before the onset of heat.

Usually in the spring it is already warm enough during the day, and there are still frosts at night. Therefore, the seedlings that are under the film must be slightly opened in the morning and carefully closed in the evening. When planting zucchini, a planting scheme of 70-70 cm is used.

Better to do this in the evening, so they will have more time to root. You can perform this procedure during the day, but only in cloudy weather, so that they are not burnt by the sun's rays. Seedlings grown in peat pots are planted with them, while making sure that they are tightly squeezed from all sides by the earth and lowered 2-3 cm below the soil level. It is recommended to introduce organic-mineral substances into the well before planting. It can be humus or compost in combination with mineral fertilizers. This mixture is added in half a bucket for one plant.

When planting zucchini seedlings, they must be watered - 1-2 liters of water per hole. The best place to plant them is in sunny areas. They are grown in seedlings to get an early harvest. But there is also planting seeds in the ground. With this, you will receive later vegetables.

It is usually produced from the first ten days of May to mid-June. The sowing bed is prepared in the same way as for seedlings. For faster germination, it is recommended to pre-soak the seeds in a solution of mineral substances or ordinary wood ash.

They are kept in it for 3 days, and then, after rinsing with water, they are left in a humid environment for another 3 days and only then are they planted in the ground. In each hole, it is recommended to sow a couple of seeds at a distance from each other.

When several germinates, a stronger plant is left, and the rest are removed. After sowing, the bed is covered with a film until shoots appear.

However, at low temperatures, the shelter is left until June. If you need zucchini for long-term winter storage, then planting dates from June 1 to June 10 will be the best.

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Zucchini care

When grown properly, you will get sturdy plants and a great harvest. What is required for this? Zucchini care is quite simple and consists in:

  • weeding,
  • watering,
  • top dressing.

Each of the stages must be completed on time. Weeding as the weeds grow. Today, there is a great way to avoid this difficult work is to mulch the soil around the plant. Mulch can be any plant material, straw, grass cuttings, sawdust and much more. Its layer in the garden will not only save you from weeding, but also retain moisture in the soil, which means that much less watering will be required.

This is a wonderful remedy for overheating the earth, mulch will not allow the sun's rays to heat the soil too much, and thereby create good conditions for the zucchini for development and growth. When growing them without mulching the soil, it is recommended to huddle the plants - this will help them form additional roots and have a beneficial effect on growth.

But it is better to use soil taken from another bed for this, so as not to damage the roots of the plant.

It is necessary to water the zucchini regularly, it is better to do this with rainwater, which has warmed up in the sun. Watering is carried out 1 time in 10 days at 8-10 liters per square meter of land. This is usually done in the evening or early morning.

Top dressing for the first time is carried out with ammonium nitrate, superphosphate and potassium fertilizers in a ratio of 20:40:20 g per bucket of water. This amount is distributed over ten plants.

The second is carried out during flowering with the same composition of substances, only this amount is distributed over 5 plants. Good results are obtained by feeding with diluted infusion of chicken droppings. When growing, do not forget about pollination.

To improve it, it is necessary to periodically move the leaves apart, giving access to flowers for insects. To attract more of them, you can spray the plant with water and honey. If you grow zucchini in greenhouses or under a film, then you should not forget about airing.

These plants do not tolerate high humidity, and with an excess of it, the fruits will rot, and diseases may appear. The period from flowering to fruit formation in a squash is about 20 days. The crop is usually harvested when the fruits reach a length of 10 cm. At this stage, they have not yet had time to coarse and are easily cut with a knife. The plant grows very quickly in warm weather and good maintenance. One bush for the entire period can form up to 20 fruits.

It is necessary to collect zucchini every other day, preventing them from overgrowing. Irregular harvesting slows down the formation of new ovaries and spoils the taste of the fruit. If you grow zucchini for seeds, then in this case it is left on the plant until the skin coarsens. Check maturity by lightly pressing the nail, if the skin does not pierce, then the fruit is already ripe. Zucchini that have reached physical maturity can be stored for a long time in dry and ventilated cellars.

The benefits of zucchini

Today it is scientifically proven that these vegetables are very high in potassium, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, organic acids and protein, and in addition they are low in calories. Therefore, they are recommended for those people who have decided to get rid of excess weight. By growing and using this vegetable for food, you will not only get a charge of vitamins, but also tasty and healthy dishes that can be prepared from them.

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Even traditional medicine has found applications for some of them. For example, it is believed that squash caviar is useful for urolithiasis and metabolic disorders. Juice and flower broth are recommended as a sedative. Here is such a wonderful vegetable you can grow on your own plot.

Watch the video: Seeds Have Germinated: Now What? How to Care for Seedlings. Seed Starting Part 2 (August 2022).