Unpretentious daffodils wake up with early spring

Unpretentious daffodils wake up with early spring

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Daffodils - one of the earliest spring primroses that delight us with luscious greenery and delicate, graceful beauty.

They are very resilient, blooming very early after the snow has melted.

A beautiful and unpretentious daffodil - what is he like?

The flower belongs to the bulbous group of perennial plants of the amaryllis family. Cold-resistant, unpretentious, does not require special care. Loves bright, sunny areas, popular in landscape gardening. Its flowers have a delicate fresh scent. They can be solitary or in inflorescences, of very various forms, with a drooping or erect flower up to 50 cm high.

The leaves are narrow, herbaceous, basal, rich green. Depending on the variety, there are different widths and lengths. The aerial part dies off annually after flowering. Only the underground, consisting of a bulb, which forms buds, giving rise to daughter plants, is preserved.

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Determination of maturity for planting

The daffodil bulb is the reproductive part of the plant.

Young, small, single-peaked bulbs, in fact, are still "babies" and are unlikely to bloom. In the second year, it already becomes two-peaked. Developing, it gives several increments, children, and becomes three-peaked.

The bulbs themselves are connected together by scales, which die off after 2-3 years, and the daughter ones are easily separated from the mature mother.

It is two- and three-peaked bulbs that are the best planting material and give maximum flowering.

Site selection and soil preparation for planting

Daffodils are unpretentious and can grow well in both sandy and clay soil. It is not recommended to plant plants in low-lying areas where water accumulates, because in case of frost in damp earth, the flowers will die. Although the flower itself tolerates frosts well up to 15-20º.

Since the daffodil is a perennial plant that does not require an annual transplant, the soil must be carefully prepared before planting, fertilizing it with organic and mineral fertilizers. The maintenance of the fertility of the plot of land on which daffodils are planted will be served by siderates, which are a natural fertilizer.

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We plant the bulbs correctly

The most important thing to remember is that the narcissist loves bright, open, sunny areas.
The most favorable time for planting is August - the first decade of September, because before the onset of cold weather, the flowers will have time to take root well, because it is during this period that a new root system begins to form in the plant.

Flowers tolerate well a little later. Only in this case, the transplanted plants will have to be covered with oak leaves, peat, sawdust, straw.

Enough up to 15 cm of shelter thickness. Most of the new varieties of daffodils are hardy and can hibernate without additional shelter.

Planting depth is from 7 to 15 cm and depends on the size of the bulb: the larger, the deeper the planting.

The planting density of the bulbs also depends on their size. For 1 sq. m planted: large bulbs up to 60 pcs., medium - up to 80 pcs., small - up to 100 pcs.

Care during growth and flowering

Caring for a daffodil is usual: feeding, watering, removing weeds, loosening row spacings, pest control.

During the formation of young shoots of leaves, the formation of buds and flowering of plants, the maximum amount of nutrients from the soil is consumed. After the snow melts, some of the fertilizer is washed out of the soil, and some decomposes. Therefore, flowers can be supplemented.

Daffodils absorb nitrogen the most, which accelerates the intensity and duration of flowering. During the period of flower formation, it is better to use a mixture of phosphorus, potassium and nitrogen fertilizers (in a ratio of parts 1: 1: 2).

It is more convenient to use complex fertilizers containing several nutrient components at once. Fertilizers are applied carefully in the aisles, avoiding falling on the flowers.

It is necessary to weed the soil in time, clearing it of weeds. Weeding and loosening the soil prevents it from compaction, makes it permeable to air and retains moisture.

Watering is carried out as needed during the growth and flowering period. After the flowers and leaves wilt, watering can be limited. But in August, when the growth of the root system is activated, watering can be increased. It is also important in the period August-September if the bulbs are to be transplanted so that they have well-developed roots.
All agricultural techniques (watering, loosening, fertilizing, weeding, collecting and burning dry, infected foliage) contribute to the fight against pests and plant diseases.

To prevent diseases, it is of great importance to reject damaged and diseased bulbs, treat them with protective preparations before planting.

Caring for daffodils after flowering and wilting

After the daffodils have faded, voids form in the place where the leaves dry out. This is the "gateway" for the emergence of pests and diseases of the bulbs. Therefore, in order to avoid various kinds of plant diseases and its death, the land on the site of withered daffodils must be leveled, thus closing access to pests and various kinds of fungal diseases. It is recommended to sprinkle this area with ash on top.

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Digging bulbs for propagation and transplanting

There is no need to dig up daffodil bulbs every year. This plant can bloom in one place for up to 5 years without a transplant, which will be required if the bulbs become "cramped".

Usually, bulbous plants have a dormant period after flowering. They are dug up, dried and stored during the winter. Narcissists have a very short rest period.

Therefore, it is possible to plant or transplant a plant bypassing this stage. It is enough to dig up the bulbs, check them for integrity and the absence of diseases, divide and plant again.

Basically for propagation, transplantation and storage of bulbs, the time of digging is determined by the yellowing and drying of the leaves. If this is not done on time, in August, the daffodils will begin active growth of the root system, which can be damaged when excavated.

Experimentally, it has been shown that the daffodil tolerates transplanting when the leaves have not yet wilted and continue to remain green. Even by replanting a flower during the period of maximum flowering, the plant adapts well and this does not affect its growth.

Flowers do not take much time, labor and effort, but in the spring they will thank you with early flowering and their beauty.

Watch the video: How to Layer Spring Flowering Bulbs Lasagna Planting: Spring Garden Guide (June 2022).


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