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Irises. Planting and plant care features

Irises. Planting and plant care features


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Irises or irises begin to bloom somewhere in the second decade of May, ending their flowering in early July.

To properly prepare the soil for planting them, you should carefully plan the area for sowing.

In the event that the location of groundwater is too close to the surface of the earth, it is necessary to drain this place. Since irises do not bloom well in the shade, care should be taken to ensure that the landing site is sunny. Moreover, it is better to raise the flowerbed on which they will grow by about 15 cm.

Fertilizing the soil before directly planting irises is not recommended. It is better to do this a year before planting. After mineral and organic fertilizers are applied to the soil, the soil is loosened, re-digging with a pitchfork and building a bed with a slight slope to the south.

In the same place, irises can be grown for 10 years.

As for hybrids, for them the growth limit in one place is 5 years. This is due to the fact that plants require more and more area due to their growth.

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Iris transplant

Summer is the best time to plant irises. On the young link, the roots are still in their infancy, and their active growth begins somewhere in a week or two. Therefore, as soon as the flower bud starts to form, the cuttings are already firmly rooted.

In irises, a flower bud is laid in the summer, so they winter with already formed buds. In the new season, new flowers will appear from these buds.

Not all irises tolerate winter well, for example, in delicate varieties, flower buds and rhizomes themselves can die at temperatures from -7 ° C and below.

Usually, irises easily tolerate a transplant, and a transplant of an overgrown garden iris bush should be carried out in 3-4 years, combining it with reproduction. These plants are planted after the end of their flowering, and as long as the flower bud has not yet had time to tie, and the new links of the rhizome have already grown. This is often August or early September.

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The planting units of iris include a scapula, a layering, a cut or a fan - annual links of the rhizome, the diameter of which is 1-2 cm, the length of the root is 3 cm.The leaves of this plant must be shortened by a third of the length, and the roots must be cut, leaving about 7-10 cm.

It is necessary to separate these links from the plant with a knife, while digging the bush itself is not necessary.

If it is necessary to transplant an old iris bush, then it is dug out with a pitchfork.

After that, the rhizome is cut into planting divisions, consisting of one or two annual links with leaves that have grown together. The rhizomes of the iris cut are disinfected for about two hours in a 0.2% solution of potassium permanganate, after which they are dried in the sun.

The leaves are trimmed in a cone shape so that water can flow easily from them. The roots are also shortened, leaving about 10 cm in length from the rhizome.

The old and completely healthy links remaining after digging up the bush, on which there are no leaves and living roots, are planted in the garden bed. Dormant buds will sprout from them next year.

During planting, it should be borne in mind that the rhizome should be at soil level. Depending on how long the roots are, they dig a planting hole of the required depth. At its bottom, a small mound is erected, on which the roots are located. Having pressed the seedling a little to the ground, it is covered with a layer of soil.

After that, the plant is watered and, after 3-5 days, watered again. On too hot days, it is better to shade the seedlings. And for additional heating, you can arrange a divider with leaves turned to the north.

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Iris care

Like all perennials, iris seedlings need constant care. This is the removal of weeds, and only by hand, as well as watering, timely loosening of the soil, treatment of diseases, seasonal feeding, pest control and similar procedures.

In addition, there are peculiarities in the cultivation of irises. For example, at the end of autumn, one-year-old plantings of irises should be well covered with foliage or pine spruce branches.

As soon as the snow melts, in early spring, the shelter is removed. In winter, old plantings do not need shelter.


Watch the video: Bearded Iris Care, How to Grow Irises: 6 of 30, my month of perennials (June 2022).


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