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Beets, known to man for a long time, mainly used as a root vegetable, tops, as an additive to salads, are consumed much less often, only in the early stages of plant growth.
Exist three main types beets: table, sugar and fodder.
Below you will find a detailed spread on harvesting and storing beets.
Stern and sugar beets are grown commercially, the first goes to feed livestock, the second is a raw material for the production of sugar. Beetroot is eaten and grown not only by large farms, but also by gardeners. The plant is unpretentious, grows in many soils, gives a good harvest, the main thing is to save root crops for the winter.
In this section, you will find out when to put beets for storage, because the correct harvesting of beets is the key to its future safety. When choosing a variety of beets for planting, it is necessary to take into account the ripening period and the recommendations of the breeders to the region of planting of this variety.
The time of harvesting beets for storage for the winter depends on the weather, you need to follow the forecast of weather forecasters... The size of the fruits and their maturity can be determined visually, the lower leaves of the tops of mature plants turn yellow or dry out. Another sign of beet maturity is the formation of growths on leaves and fruits.
So when to dig up the beets for storage? They start harvesting in the month of October, it is better to do it in sunny, dry weather. With high humidity, the fruits are saturated with moisture and begin to rot.
Collecting root crops must begin before the onset of frost, beets do not tolerate them well, the fruits will crack, and begin to rot. You can lose a significant part of the crop and storage difficulties will arise. At the end of the harvest, the beets are piled up in small piles near the garden bed.
Dig up beets with a pitchfork or shovel, pry the ground directly under the fruit and take it out by the tops, being careful not to damage the fruit. The tops are trimmed or twisted, leaving a few millimeters. This will prevent germination in the spring. and will stop the loss of juice during storage.
Then you need to clean the beets from the ground, it is best to do this with gloves or a prepared rag, remembering to remove the side roots. Dug up beets must not be thrown on the ground., when cleaning, one must refrain from tapping the fruits against each other, while they can get damaged.
Beets cannot be washed. Fruits are ready to dry in dry weather, it can be carried out directly on the ground and the process itself does not take much time, only a few hours. In damp weather, beets should be dried either under a canopy or in a special room.
According to the lunar calendar, beets should be harvested at a time when the moon is in the last quarter, fruits will be well stored and will not lose their taste for a long time.
Growing, harvesting and storing beets and carrots have a lot in common, but there are also differences. Carrots are more frost-resistant, they are harvested later than beets, they are more sensitive to sudden changes in temperature, they begin to crack, which is the cause of fungal diseases of fruits and reduces its shelf life.
It is impossible to delay harvesting. It is necessary to dig out the carrots more carefully, they have a thin skin and possible damage will lead to damage to the fruit.
The most favorable conditions for storing beets, temperatures from +2 to -1 degrees Celsius, with an air humidity of about 90%. Storing beets in a cellar is ideal for these conditions.
In the absence of a cellar or balcony you can choose other ways of storing beets..
Freezing fruits in the refrigerator or freezer. Frozen beets retain most of their health benefits. Before freezing, wash the beets well, then dry. You can also freeze boiled beets.
It is impossible to re-freeze beets, they lose their beneficial properties.
Thus, beet harvesting and storage for the winter can take place in several ways and you can choose the most convenient option for yourself.
Drying beets for the winter... Before drying, the beets must be processed, washed, cut off the roots and head. The drying process takes several hours.
Beet pickling... Before pickling, the beets are processed, salt, spice sugar are added. The main preservative is vinegar.
Dried beets... The fruits are processed and stewed in the oven until semi-soft.
Beetroot has medicinal properties, helps against obesity, liver diseases, hypertension, improves blood circulation in the body.
It is impossible to imagine Russian cuisine without delicious borscht, vinaigrette, herring under a fur coat. The gardener knows beets will thank you for your work... Now you know how the harvesting and storage of beets is going on, as well as that this vegetable is just a storehouse of nutrients.
A short training video will help you to visually answer the question: "When and how to remove beets from the beds correctly?"