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There are many types of ants in nature. So, small redheads live in apartments and private houses, where they can often be found on the kitchen table or near food. Black ants usually live on trees and shrubs, and differ from the rest in that they breed aphids in large numbers, feeding on its secretions. But several times a year, huge hordes of flying ants appear on the street. And it's best to pay close attention to them.
All about ants with wings
It should be noted that in nature there is no such separate type of insect as ants with wings... However, each living species periodically has individuals with wings - females and males that can fly.
This happens in spring or summer, during the beginning of the mating season in ants. Until the moment of mating, these insects live in their native anthills, on a par with ordinary workers who do not have wings from birth. After fertilization, the females bite off their wings.
To which species the encountered winged ant belongs can be determined by its color. Most often in nature it is possible meet red, black or red insects. In addition, size is a good guideline - black ants are the largest of all, and domestic red ants are the smallest. Some people confuse flying ants with termites. However, this is not true - the latter do not have a thoracic region, but here the body is clearly divided into three parts - the head, chest and abdomen.
During mating males give females special male reproductive cells, which she then uses throughout her life. After that, the females fly away from their native anthill and never return there - they look for a place for themselves to found their own nest.
REFERENCE! Not all females achieve success - some die while searching for a place, others cannot breed the first offspring, and still others die from the unfavorable conditions of the environment in which they decided to organize an anthill.
In a specially created chamber, the female breeds her first offspring - these are usually worker ants, and chews off its wings as unnecessary.
As such, flying ants do not pose a threat. However, it should be remembered that after fertilization, the female loses her wings and becomes the queen, the queen of her new anthill. They have their whole life that can last depending from species up to 28 years, practically endlessly produce offspring, from which both workers and new females and males emerge. The latter are necessary in the ant community only for reproduction, and after fulfilling their functions, they either die themselves, or they are killed by the workers as useless for the further existence of the anthill.
But when fighting flying ants, you must rememberthat, like any other insects of this type, they will defend themselves when trying to attack them. In this case, you can get quite painful bites that cause severe itching and even an allergic reaction.
IMPORTANT! There is no point in chasing winged insects with traps or special aerosols.
Therefore, it is best to fight against such ants either before the moment of mating (usually this process does not occur in the apartment - they need to find a way out into the open air), or after mating, in order to prevent the foundation of a new anthill. For this purpose, common ant control agents are used, ranging from sprays and poisoned baits to insect control specialists.
Winged ants - this is not a separate species of insects, but specific winged individuals, females and males, which appear in spring and summer for the purpose of reproduction. After mating, males die, and females, using their wings, fly away to find a place for a new anthill. Not all individuals achieve their goal, but the successful ones breed their first offspring and bite off their wings. By themselves, winged individuals are not dangerous, however, they can subsequently lead to the appearance of a huge number of new ants. You can deal with them in standard ways, using chemicals or by calling a specialized service.
Next, you will see a photo of winged ants:
In this video, you will learn more about flying insects:
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- Folk remedies for ants in an apartment and house
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- Who are the ants?
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- The value of ants in nature
- Ant hierarchy: the ant king and structural features of the worker ant
- How do ants breed?
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