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What benefits and harm do moles bring to the soil?

What benefits and harm do moles bring to the soil?



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When spring comes, a lot of work is added for summer residents in their backyards and for gardeners in their gardens.

The rebirth of nature, warm sunny days and young shoots of fruit and vegetable crops rising to the light require special attention.

But spring is relevant not only for the summer resident. Spring begins natural activity of many animals, including those which are harmful cultivated summer cottages and vegetable gardens.

Among such animals - well-known moles... Having found characteristic mounds of fresh land on their site, every normal owner seeks to solve this problem as quickly as possible.

With body length on average 15 cm the mole usually weighs about 130 g. It lives and eats almost all the time underground.

In this case, as a rule, constantly digs tunnels and burrows, very quickly creating whole networks of passages in several tiers. It is the land that is most suitable for growing crops that he loves. And it is on such lands and there is a "clash of interests" between a person and a mole.

Harm to the soil

Experienced amateur gardeners and farmers know very well that if a couple of small heaps of earth appear on their site - the first visible signs of the presence of the described mammals, it is necessary to act immediately, quickly and decisively.

As long as the mole stays in the territory in the singular, it is not very dangerous. But if you hesitate, then very soon - in a few days! - already a whole mole family can turn a smooth, beautiful lawn into a strongly and randomly dug area.

Meanwhile, loss of attractive landscape, although the thing in itself is also unpleasant - this is only part of a common serious problem. For the farm and the harvest, an invasion of moles can have much more disastrous consequences.

What can these small, blind, but energetic and voracious animals cause?

As mentioned above, moles constantly dig their endless passages (up to 15-20 new meters per day!) In search of more and more food and to create safe places for their offspring.

And although they do not eat, as some gardeners mistakenly believe, by roots and branches, they cause serious damage to plants with their numerous burrows.

  1. The fact is that they are digging in the upper layers of the soil, often among the roots and trunks of garden crops and trees. The roots are either pushed up, or find themselves "in the void" of the wormhole and because of this they begin to dry.Thus, these mammals can destroy a lot of fruit trees, shrubs, vegetables and berry crops in a relatively short period.
  2. But this is not the end of the unconscious sabotage of the black animal. By processing a huge amount of soil, he mixes infertile deep soil with highly fertile surface soil.
  3. At the same time he is active eats earthworms - destroyers of harmful microorganisms, nematodes. As a result, the population of "raincoats", contributing to the increase in soil fertility, is greatly reduced, and the soil in this place is gradually becoming scarce.
  4. Another harm of moles is their characteristic earthen mounds on the surface of the site. As already mentioned, these signs of their irrepressible vital activity severely spoil the appearance of the territory... This is especially noticeable on well-groomed decorative lawns, tennis courts or in a park area.
  5. But even in those cases when it comes to farming, such frequent slides of land are very harmful to the process. After all it is very difficult and expensive to use special agricultural machinery on a heavily dug, uneven site due to bumps and fixtures.
  6. To these "faults" should be added that the dug field rodents willingly use mole tunnels - mice and rats.
  7. Finally, moles can carry various parasites, fleas and ticks, as well as be carriers of dangerous infectious diseases.

What are their benefits?

Along with the obvious harm from moles to the soil, they also bring certain benefits. The list of positives includes the following points:

  • moles eat not only useful earthworms, but also harmful insects and their larvae, small field mice;
  • enrich the soil with nitrogen-based chemical compounds;
  • moles are distinguished by valuable fur, which is actively used by humans in industrial preparations for fur.

Knowing what benefits and harms moles bring to the soil, knowing about its different sides of life, a person should weigh the pros and cons in relation to this small underground mammal and decide which method of plant protection to choose.

And at the same time, it is always necessary to remember that the mole, like any other living creature on Earth, fulfills its objective role and occupies a natural niche intended for it.

Moles are most often found in fertile soil and pose a great danger to the crop, as they are able to break many-meter tunnels underground, as a result of which damage to the root system of plants can be caused. Preventive measures and methods of control will help prevent negative consequences from the life of moles in a timely manner.

Video

Interesting video with a caught mole:


Watch the video: How Do Moles Become Cancerous? (August 2022).