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The American potato is a very interesting old variety that has received recognition from amateur gardeners and business farmers.
Potatoes are distinguished by beautiful coloration of large tubers, tender pulp, high nutrient content and moderate calorie content. Caring for the bushes is simple, and the yield pleases even beginners.
American potato variety description
|general characteristics||one of the oldest American varieties, is still considered the standard of taste|
|Ripening period||70-80 days|
|Mass of marketable tubers||80-120 gr|
|The number of tubers in the bush||10-15|
|Yield||250-420 c / ha|
|Consumer qualities||excellent taste, suitable for preparing any dishes|
|Preferred growing regions||all types of soil and climatic zones|
|Disease resistance||not resistant to late blight of tops and tubers, potato cancer, moderately resistant to viruses, resistant to common scab|
|Growing features||standard agricultural technology|
|Originator||Bred in 1861 by breeder Brezi|
- tubers are moderately large, weighing from 80 to 110 g;
- the shape is elongated-oval, slightly flattened;
- neat tubers, aligned in weight and size;
- the peel is pink, uniform, thin, smooth;
- eyes are superficial, small, numerous;
- the flesh on the cut is white, the formation of a violet-pink pigment ring is possible;
- the starch content is high, not less than 15%;
- high content of proteins, amino acids, vitamins.
Characteristics of potatoes
Potato American belongs to the canteen, medium early. Tubers sprout amicably, bushes develop rapidly. The variety prefers a moderately warm climate and normal humidity levelbut is able to withstand short-term heat and drought.
The yield depends on soil nutrition and climatic conditions. From 1 hectare, you can learn at least 200 centners of selected tubers, with frequent feeding and watering, the yield rises to 400 centners per hectare.
In the table below you can get acquainted with such indicators as keeping quality and yield of potatoes of different varieties:
|Variety name||Yield||Keeping quality|
|American||250-420 c / ha||97%|
|Bullfinch||180-270 c / ha||95%|
|Rosara||350-400 c / ha||97%|
|Molly||390-450 c / ha||82%|
|Luck||420-430 c / ha||88-97%|
|Latona||up to 460 c / ha||90% (assuming there is no condensation in the storage)|
|Kamensky||500-550||97% (early germination at storage temperatures above + 3 ° C)|
|Timo||up to 380 c / ha||96%, but tubers germinate early|
The harvested crop is well stored, transportation possible.
The bush is tall, erect, moderately branched. The formation of green mass is abundant. Leaves are medium-sized, slightly dissected, dark green, shiny. Corolla is assembled from large white flowers. Berries are not formed.
The sprouts on the tubers are bright purple. The root system is well developed, 10-15 selected tubers are formed under each bush. There are few uncommon items.
You can compare this indicator with that of other varieties using the table below:
|Variety name||The number of tubers in the bush|
|American||up to 15|
|Jelly||up to 15|
|Gingerbread man||15-18 pieces|
|knapweed||up to 15|
Potatoes can be propagated separate segments with eyes, which saves planting material. Variety prefers light nutritious soils, based on black soil or sand, moderate watering and organic or mineral fertilizing are recommended.
The variety is resistant to many dangerous diseases: potato crayfish, common scab, various viruses. Possible infection with late blight or black leg. Abundant greenery attracts pests.
The tubers have a very pleasant taste: delicate, balanced, not dry or watery. The high starch content makes potatoes suitable for making mashed potatoes, stewing, boiling.
Not suitable for making French fries. When cutting, the potatoes do not darken, the flesh retains a sugar-white color.
The photo shows the American potato variety:
American is the popular name of the old Early Rosa variety, bred in 1861 by breeders from the United States. In Russia, the variety became known at the end of the century before last, it was tested and was proposed for industrial cultivation.
After the revolution, potatoes were recommended for cultivation on collective and state farms, it demonstrated high productivity and unpretentiousness... Zoned for the Voronezh, Penza, Kursk, Tomsk regions, and is successfully growing in other regions.
Today, the variety is actively distributed among amateur gardeners, grown on farms and industrial fields. Large, even tubers can be stored for a long time and are suitable for sale.
Advantages and disadvantages
To the main the merits of the variety can be attributed:
- great taste of root vegetables;
- good commercial qualities;
- the harvested crop is stored for a long time;
- drought resistance;
- unpretentiousness to care;
- seed material does not degenerate;
- resistance to many diseases.
Disadvantages the variety is not marked. Susceptibility to late blight can become a problem, and frequent attacks of insect pests also bring troubles.
Potato variety American it is preferable to propagate with eyes. Selected large tubers are processed with a growth stimulator, and then cut into segments with a disinfected knife. Planting is done when the soil warms up enough. In cold soil, germinated eyes can rot.
The soil should be light, nutritious. Before planting, it is fertilized with humus or peat. When tying tubers, root feeding with diluted mullein or potassium-based mineral fertilizer is recommended.
10 days before harvesting, the bushes can be sprayed with a superphosphate solution. It is not recommended to use nitrogen-containing complexes. The variety is prone to abundant growth of green mass to the detriment of the development of tubers.
Bushes need to be spud at least 2 times per season. Weeds are removed at the same time. To maintain a normal moisture level, the aisles can be mulched. Drip irrigation is recommended. If its organization is not possible, planting is watered by hand 2-3 times per season, with the soil moistened by at least 50 cm.
For subsequent plantings, select tubers from the strongest, most promising, not recovered bushes are needed. During cultivation, they are marked with ribbons, after digging, the seed tubers are sorted, dried and stored separately.
Read how to grow potatoes without hilling and weeding here.
In addition to fertilizers, other drugs and chemicals are often used when growing potatoes.
We bring to your attention useful articles on the benefits and dangers of fungicides and herbicides.
Diseases and pests
The American potato variety is resistant to many dangerous diseases: viruses, potato cancer, common scab. Possible defeat by late blight. For prevention, the bushes are treated with medicinal preparations. To prevent the plants from getting sick with black leg, the soil is mulched with straw or cut grass.
In the middle lane, bushes can be affected by aphids, spider mites, Colorado beetles. For prophylaxis, pre-planting soil spilling with disinfectants and treatment of tubers is recommended.
Affected plants are treated with insecticides. So that the tubers are not affected by the wireworm, you need to periodically change the fields for planting. The best precursors for potatoes will be meadow grasses, legumes, cabbage.
American potatoes tested by many generations; a variety that is not prone to degeneration. Seed material for subsequent plantings is collected independently. The tubers are tasty, suitable for sale or personal use.
And a few more words about growing potatoes, or rather about methods. Read detailed materials about Dutch technology, early varieties, methods under straw, in bags, in barrels and boxes. And also about which countries of the world grow the most potatoes.
Watch the video: American potato characteristic
Below in the table you will find links to materials about potatoes with different ripening periods:
|Mid-season||Medium early||Mid late|