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Bell peppers and eggplants are thermophilic crops that love good watering and nutritious soil.
These plants are often grown in the same greenhouse, so the seedlings should be planted at the same time.
Compliance with the timing of sowing seeds of pepper and eggplant for seedlings, the correct selection of seeds and careful care guarantee good yields in the future.
Today we will talk about how to properly plant peppers and eggplants for seedlings, when to plant peppers and eggplants for seedlings?
When to sow peppers and eggplants for seedlings?
Eggplants and peppers moody enough... To guarantee good germination and correct seedling development, it is important to comply with all conditions, from seed preparation to the correct choice of soil.
The sowing time for seedlings of peppers and eggplants is also very important..
Most often, peppers and eggplants are sown in the first half of February. In 100 days, young plants will be strong enough to move to the greenhouse or into the ground under the film.
Some gardeners believe that sowing dates can be shifted until March... The shortened period of growing seedlings is compensated by bright illumination.
By installing powerful electric lamps over containers and seedlings, you can accelerate the growth and development of seedlings.
In this case, the growing period will be reduced to 90 days. These terms are calculated for central Russia, in the southern regions, peppers and eggplants are sown in mid-January, planting for permanent residence in late April-early May.
Sowing peppers and vegetables is not recommended after mid-March.... The exception is heated year-round greenhouses, in which fruiting can last until late autumn and even the beginning of winter.
Many gardeners plant peppers and eggplants for seedlings according to the lunar calendar. For sowing favorable days when the moon in the first phase is under the influence of Scorpio, Libra, Aries or Sagittarius.
The exact dates vary by year. The most successful for planting peppers and eggplants can be considered periods from 17 to 20 January, from 13 to 16 February, from 11 to 13 and from 16 to 17 March.
Eggplants and peppers prefer a light substrate with low acidity.
Ready-made soil mixtures, consisting mainly of peat, are not suitable for seedlings. Every gardener has their own signature recipe for the perfect soil.
Among the most successful:
- a mixture of old garden soil and rotted humus with a small portion of washed river sand;
- peat and humus in equal proportions with half a portion of sawdust;
- sod land and old manure humus in equal proportions;
- garden soil with peat in a ratio of 2 to 1 with a small amount of vermicult.
For seedlings loam won't work, it is too heavy and sour. Any mixture must be ignited to kill insect larvae.
It is recommended to add superphosphate and wood ash to the prepared substrate (1 tablespoon of superphosphate and 2 tablespoons of ash on a bucket of soil).
Some gardeners add crushed charcoal. A properly composed mixture is crumbly and airy.
Seedling containers: what to choose?
Most often, planting pepper seedlings and eggplant seedlings produced in deep containers... They are filled with loosened soil (with a layer of about 10 cm). The soil is spilled with a warm aqueous solution of potassium permanganate for disinfection. After 10-12 hours, grooves are made in the soil into which the seeds are sown.
The distance between the grooves is about 5 cm, the seeds are laid out at intervals of 1.5 cm... A 1.5 cm layer of soil is poured on top, the soil is compacted and watered with warm water.
Such a landing option implies a subsequent pick. But some vegetable growers do not recommend it. Eggplants and peppers have weak and fragile roots, picking can slow down development and even destroy delicate plants.
High-quality seedlings can be grown without it. For this, the seeds are immediately sown in separate pots. They are densely filled with a substrate, a seed is placed in a moistened hole 1.5 cm deep and sprinkled with earth. Don't bury the seeds too deep.
Advice! If, after germination, the seed has risen above the surface of the soil, exposing the roots, the sprout can be carefully deepened by sprinkling with a small portion of the soil.
Instead of the usual peat pots you can use homemade mini designs, rolled from a dense plastic film and reinforced with an elastic band.
The film, neatly folded and folded from below, perfectly preserves the earthen lump, unlike paper cups, plastic does not get wet.
The transplant is greatly simplified: it is enough to free the grown seedlings from the film and rubber bands and move them into a hole made in the ground. The plant roots do not need to break through the walls of the peat pot, the plants tolerate the transplant without the slightest shock.
The only disadvantage of growing without picking is weak sprouts that will have to be discarded. Careful calibration of seeds, treatment with growth stimulants and pre-germination in a damp cloth will help reduce the risk.
When planting, 2 seeds can be placed in each pot, and after germination, remove a weaker sprout.
Where to place the seedlings?
Seedling boxes or containers with cups are most often placed on spacious sills of south-east and south-west windows... Young shoots need bright light and not too long daylight hours. The optimal mode is bright diffused lighting from 8 am to 8 pm. At night, the lamps are turned off, and the seedlings are covered with an opaque material.
To make young sprouts feel comfortable, you need to carefully seal all the cracks in the window, excluding drafts... It is better to cover hot batteries with damp thick towels. The ideal temperature for pecking seeds is 25-28 degrees, after germination it is reduced to 22-25.
Every 3 days the seedling boxes are turnedso that the sprouts are evenly lit. Avoid direct sun exposure on delicate leaves, especially after watering. Refracting in drops of water, the rays can burn immature plants.
After the appearance of permanent leaves planting needs to be ventilated... First, the photo opens for a few minutes, then for an hour or more.
With the onset of warmth, the grown seedlings are taken out to the balcony or veranda and left there for the whole day. This hardening strengthens young plants and prepares them for transplanting.
Watering and other important little things
The seeds are not watered immediately after planting. Properly prepared soil retains the desired moisture level for 4-5 days.
It is important to ensure that the soil in the container does not dry out or crack.... If this happens, it is worth measuring the temperature in the soil, perhaps it is higher than necessary.
In this case, the seedlings will have to be rearranged to a cooler place. Household humidifiers or regular spraying around the seedling box can help reduce dry air.
The first watering from a spray bottle is carried out 4 days after sowing... The water should be warm and soft, settled or boiled. After the appearance of the first leaves, watering is carried out 1 time in 5 days. First, the seedlings are watered from a teaspoon, then you can use a watering can, making sure that the moisture does not erode the ground.
At least once a week, the soil requires careful loosening. Peppers and eggplants are very sensitive and cannot tolerate stagnant water in the soil.
After the first shoots appear, you need to closely monitor the development of plants. Weak leaves signal a lack of nutrients. Faster nitrogen-containing fertilizers will help to get stronger and grow green mass.
They can be applied together with watering after the formation of 3 true leaves. Growth stimulants will help strengthen tender sprouts, they are introduced into the soil or used for spraying.
Overly elongated seedlings indicate a lack of light. Try to shorten the daylight hours and increase the backlighting during daytime hours. Overdrying or waterlogging of the soil can become the cause of plant weakness. By adjusting the watering schedule, you can improve the condition of the plants.
Planted seedlings on time guarantees the timely development of plants and the appearance of a sufficient number of fruit ovaries.
The stronger the young shoots, the better quality the mature plants and their fruits will be. The rules for home planting and growing are simple, but they require strict adherence and consistency.
So, we talked about planting pepper seeds and eggplant for seedlings, when to plant peppers and eggplant for seedlings? Described how to sow peppers and eggplants for seedlings, what containers are better to choose, and also how to care for the prophets?
Read other articles on pepper seedlings:
- Correct cultivation from seeds and should they be soaked before sowing?
- How to grow black peppercorns, chili, bitter or sweet at home?
- What are growth stimulants and how to use them?
- The main reasons why the leaves of the shoots curl, the seedlings fall or stretch, and also why the shoots die?
- Planting dates in the regions of Russia and the peculiarities of cultivation in the Urals, Siberia and the Moscow region.
- Learn recipes for yeast-based fertilizers.
- Learn the rules for planting bell and hot peppers, as well as how to dive sweet?
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