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Many summer residents and farmers have been using greenhouses for a long time, including those made of polycarbonate.
Today it is possible to buy ready-made designs, but their price is quite high, and sometimes they are simply not suitable for a specific case for a specific consumer.
It is not surprising that a large number of people create greenhouses with their own hands. But to create a really high-quality and durable building impossible without a prepared drawing.
Why is the blueprint important?
When creating a greenhouse with your own hands, the drawing - mandatory step... A drawing prepared in advance will not only save money, but it will also streamline your workflow and workflow.
On the vastness of the Internet, you can find many ready-made solutions and choose the right one.
but don't blindly follow instructions, because often mistakes can be made there. The finished drawing can be altered and adjusted to suit your needs.
So, if it was decided to create a drawing yourself, you must first plan where the greenhouse will be located.
It is best to place it on flat plot of land with good lighting. It is even better if the area is protected from the wind by nearby houses or trees.
It is necessary that the groundwater is at a depth of at least two meters. Otherwise, it will be necessary to prepare the drainage system.
You also need decide on the choice of culture... The domed shape of greenhouses is suitable for greenhouses or conservatories. For low-growing plants, growing seedlings, tunnel-shaped greenhouses are suitable. In the middle of such a greenhouse there will be a path, and on the sides - the plants themselves.
Then you need to provide what is the foundation of the greenhouse... Foundations with a concrete base are the strongest and most durable, but at the same time, their installation is quite expensive and difficult. A wooden foundation is a cheaper solution, but its main disadvantage is fragility, the elements of such a foundation will need to be changed every few years.
The most optimal will be a strip foundation. A small trench is dug around the perimeter of the greenhouse, a layer of sand and gravel is filled in, and then a layer of concrete is poured. A layer of brick or block is installed on top.
After installing such a foundation, a layer of roofing material must be laid on it for waterproofing.
In the drawing also you need to decide on the frame... Most often, the frame is made of wood or metal.
Wood much easier to work with, and welding is not required for installation. But it is susceptible to the destructive effects of moisture and temperature, it can withstand less stress.
Pre-impregnation with epoxy resin will help to extend the life of the wooden frame. From above, it will not be superfluous to open it with several layers of paint or varnish.
Metal carcass much stronger and will last longer. But its installation will require additional tools and welding work.
Firstly, you need to decide on the size of the future structure... And if for a small greenhouse this is insignificant, then for a large and solid structure it is very important.
The drawing itself can be done on paper, making all the necessary notes and comments there.
It is possible to create drawings and in special programs on the computer... This is somewhat more complicated, but it allows you to immediately visualize the result on the monitor.
Optimal width greenhouses are about 2.4-2.5 m. this width allows you to place racks with plants inside and easily maintain them.
Sami racks it is best to do it at about 70 - 90 cm. Wide racks are more difficult to maintain and can damage other plants.
Door size and the passage between the shelves is about half a meter.
Length you can choose almost any, depending on the number of plants that you plan to grow.
When determining the length, it should be remembered that most manufacturers produce polycarbonate panels with a width of 122 cm. When creating a drawing, it is important to take this into account, so as not to waste time on trimming the panels later.
Height depends on what crops will be grown. For example, for indeterminate tomatoes, which have unlimited growth, the height of the greenhouse should be at least 2 - 2.5 meters. For the rest, a height of up to two meters is enough for a person inside to walk freely and maintain a greenhouse.
Now you need to define roof type... The easiest option is a two- or one-pitched roof. Everyone will be able to draw and install such a roof.
If the choice was made in favor of an arched roof, then it would be better to purchase ready-made arches.
Overlap details must be placed evenly throughout the structure so that there are no areas without frame support longer than 1 - 1.5 meters.
The next item in the design of the drawing is ventilation creation inside the greenhouse. To do this, the structure must provide for opening or removable elements in the side panels or roof.
Examples of polycarbonate greenhouses with their own hands: drawings, photos.
As you can see, any person can create a good drawing of a polycarbonate greenhouse, and then install it on their own, even completely far from construction.
The abundance of material and ready-made drawings greatly simplifies this task. Special computer programs will allow you to immediately visualize the design result.