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Secrets of successfully growing garden begonia outdoors

Secrets of successfully growing garden begonia outdoors



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Begonias are found in flowerbeds of squares and central streets, in summer cottages. There are many hybrid varieties of begonias that are grown in pots, used for landscaping areas. There are varieties that bloom all year round, there are also annual species.

Begonias are an excellent decoration for a summer cottage. Large bright flowers bloom while other plants are just beginning to wake up. In this article, you will find everything you need to know about the care, propagation and treatment of these wonderful flowers.

Can I plant outdoors?

On the street in the open ground, a tuberous (one-year) begonia is bred. It is obtained from tubers and seeds. Rhizomes are planted in flower beds in summer. At the end of autumn, they are transplanted into flowerpots and kept indoors. Begonia is grown in pots for the purpose of decorating balconies, flower beds (you can learn how to properly grow, water and care for begonia so that it blooms longer, you can find out here). When the weather worsens, they bring it into the house. It has been empirically proven: it is better to choose begonias varieties adapted to our climatic conditions.

Views

As a result of breeding, many hybrids have been obtained. Three types of begonias are used in landscape design:

  1. Tuberous.
  2. Ampere.
  3. Eternal blooming.

Tuberous begonias are distinguished by long flowering - from the first days of July to the end of November. Flowers are dioecious. Plant height is 30 cm. Features:

  • Fleshy tuber.
  • The diameter of the flowers is from 6 to 21 cm.
  • Strong stem.
  • Terry, semi-double and smooth inflorescences, similar to carnations, anemones, camellias, roses.

Tuberous begonias are scarlet, bright red, pale pink, white, yellow.

Ampere varieties are grown on stands or in hanging flowerpots. Bushy shoots of begonias reach 80 cm in length.

The ever-flowering begonia includes a large number of varieties. Characteristics:

  • Plant height is about 15-20 cm.
  • The leaves are small, oval and smooth. Coloring - from green to brownish shade.
  • Unpretentious character.

Begonias of ever-flowering varieties are used in landscape design. The color is varied - from white to bright red, purple shades. There are three types of garden begonia:

  1. tall varieties (Volumia, Baby Wing, Lotto);
  2. medium-sized (Bada Bing, Ambassador);
  3. undersized (Ray, Queen, Cocktail).

Photo of flowers

How begonia flowers look in the garden can be seen in the photo.




Outdoor planting

Planting flowers in the garden and caring for them in the open field requires knowledge of the conditions necessary for the plant. Street begonia prefers shaded areas. With the onset of warm weather, begonias are planted in open ground (usually in late May, early June). Seedlings purchased or independently grown from seeds are placed in the ground in the country.

In order for begonias to delight with their beauty, you need to follow a number of rules:

  • Prepare loose soil with a slightly acidic reaction.
  • Carry out regular abundant watering. But it is impossible to overmoisten the soil, otherwise the root system will rot.
  • Reduce watering in the fall.
  1. Before planting begonias, separate holes are dug, the distance of which depends on the size of the seedling. Scheme for dwarf varieties: 9-13 × 15 cm, for high 35 × 45 cm.
  2. The base of the shoot is buried in the ground.
  3. After planting, wood ash or humus is poured onto the soil surface.
  4. So that the seedlings take root and do not freeze, they are first covered overnight.

Attention! Planting and caring for street tuberous begonia has nuances. In winter, the plants need to be kept in a greenhouse.

Read how to keep begonias at home in winter here.

Caring for street culture in the garden

Begonia grown in the garden requires good care. Necessary measures:

  • Watering.
  • Fertilizer.
  • Loosening the soil.
  • Disease and pest control.
  • Weeding.
  • Preparing for winter.

Every day, seedlings are watered with warm water under the root (only in the morning or in the evening). In dry weather, moisturize more often. Do not allow the soil to dry out. After watering, the top layer of the soil is loosened so that there is no stagnation of water.

Begonia during the period of growth and flowering needs nutrients. In the spring, a full range of mineral fertilizers is applied. In the future, the plants are "fed" every 12-15 days with a mixture of microelements (always with potassium and phosphorus). There are special fertilizers for begonias on sale. How to water and how to feed begonia, you will find out in our material, and here we talked about the general rules for fertilizing.

Reproduction

Plants are bred by dividing the tuber, vegetatively and seed. Seeds are propagated by ever-flowering and decorative leafy varieties. For successful breeding, a number of conditions are met:

  • Air humidity.
  • Room temperature (about + 20 degrees).
  • Good illumination.
  • Fresh air intake.

The optimal time for sowing is when the day increases and solar activity increases (end of February).

  1. For cultivation, you will need a seedling tray, land with a high peat content, drainage.
  2. Seeds are spread evenly over wet soil. You do not need to sprinkle on top.
  3. Cover with plastic wrap or glass.
  4. Seedlings are regularly moistened with a spray bottle.
  5. Gradually remove the film from the seedlings so that they get used to the sun. First, leave for 15-20 minutes. The time is gradually increased. After 2 weeks, the coating is removed.
  6. When the third true leaf appears, the seedlings dive - they are transplanted one by one into small cups.

Attention! After 2 months, the seedlings are dived again and transplanted into pots.

Diseases and pests

Plants can attack pests or diseases due to improper care. Flowers should be checked regularly for disease or parasites. Diseases are provoked by excessive watering, not suitable land, an unsuccessful place for planting.

Begonias are ruined by:

  • Powdery mildew. Plants are covered with white bloom. Preparations will help to get rid of the disease: Morestan, Rovral, Fundazol.
  • Gray rot. Watery blots appear, turning into brown rotting wounds. For treatment, fungicides or agents are used: Skora, Previkura, Ordan.
  • Aphid. These insects are capable of completely destroying begonia plantings. To combat the pest, insecticides are used: Fitoferm, Decis, Actellik.

An excess of water in the soil provokes rot of the root system. The disease spreads to the leaves - they curl, and the stems begin to rot. Solution to the problem: removal of damaged areas and treatment with fungicide. Proper planting of a plant in the garden and proper care for it in the open field minimize the possibility of developing unpleasant diseases.

Combination with other plants

Since begonia is shade-tolerant, it is placed outdoors near trees with a wide crown and tall shrubs. Garden begonia is ideal for creating flower arrangements. In the open field, it looks great with lawn herbaceous plants, decorative deciduous crops and undersized curb annuals:

  • Lobularia.
  • Iberis.
  • Lobelia.
  • Surfinia.
  • Alissumum.
  • Ageratum.

An excellent tandem is obtained by combining begonias with cenirarias, asters, lilies. The use of begonias in landscape design Designers use garden begonia when arranging alpine slides, decorating summer cottages. Plants are planted on a bed.

Important! Potted begonias add color to the green lawn.

Ampel varieties are suitable for decorating arbors and arbors. Landscape architects decorate park beds and rocky hills with begonias. Entrance groups are decorated with plants in flowerpots.

Outdoor begonias can be grown with proper care and protection from pests. These perennial plants have many subspecies - about 16 hundred varieties. Begonias develop in the form of vines, shrubs, and dwarf shrubs.

We offer you to watch a video about planting begonias in the open field: "Planting street begonias"


Watch the video: Keeping Rex Begonias Healthy (August 2022).