We are searching data for your request:
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.
Hibiscus is a common indoor plant that is highly valued among flower growers for its decorative effect. Some believe that this flower is unpretentious, others argue that it is difficult to care for it.
What does this flower look like? Where did it come from? What varieties does it have? How does it multiply? This article will answer these and other questions.
In addition, here you can get acquainted with the photographs of this wonderful flower in order to appreciate its beauty and decide whether to grow it or not.
Terry hibiscus (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis) is a plant species of the genus Hibiscus of the Malvaceae family. Also found under the name Chinese rose. In Malaysia, it is called Bungaraya.
It is an evergreen shrub that can grow up to 3 m. Lives 20-22 years. The leaves are large, oval in shape with a serrated edging, smooth green in color with a shiny surface, attached to the bare stem of the plant with petioles.
Flowers reach a diameter of 16 cm and can be of various colors, depending on the variety. The petals are located in several layers, close to each other, which makes the flower appear double. This gave the name to the species. Hibiscus fruits are small boxes with seeds inside.
The homeland of the flower is the south of China and the north of Indochina, but it can grow successfully in other territories with a tropical or subtropical climate.
Popular indoor varieties and their photos
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis “Lady Stanley” is a variety with semi-double flowers of white-pink color. Blooms from June to August. Due to prolonged drought, it may bloom later.
Everything you need to know about white hibiscus - varieties, cultivation, care features - read in this material.
The variety Hibiscus rosa-sinensis “Gamburg” has large flowers, terry, bright cherry red.
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis “Rosa” has semi-double pink flowers.
You can read more about the types of pink hibiscus, about the features of cultivation in a separate article.
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis “Ankara” has yellow matte flowers with a red core.
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis “Koenig” is a variety with bright yellow double flowers.
- Temperature... In warm weather, the temperature of the room in which the plant is located should reach 22-23 ° C, in winter it should be lowered to 18 ° C. If the temperature is below 12 ° C, the Chinese rose may shed its buds.
- Watering... Hibiscus loves moisture, so water it abundantly. In summer - 2 times a day, at other times - 1 time. The soil should be moist and loose at all times. You can also spray the plant with a spray bottle.
- Shine... The flower prefers diffused natural light. Grows well in the fresh air in summer. When it gets warm, you can take the hibiscus to the balcony or garden, but then you should shade it from direct sunlight.
- Priming... The soil in which hibiscus grows must be loose and breathable. As part of the soil, you need: turf, leaf and coniferous land, peat, sand, manure, a little charcoal. The plant is suitable for soil with neutral acidity.
- Pruning... You need to prune the Chinese rose in the spring, before the start of active growth, so that the crown is neat. Pruning is carried out with pruning shears or sharp scissors. It is necessary to shorten the stems of the plant at an angle above the leaf itself or directly above the most lateral shoot. The cut ends should be sprinkled with charcoal or cinnamon.
- Top dressing... During flowering, hibiscus must be fed at least once a week with organic or complex fertilizer for flowering plants. Top dressing is carried out in the morning or in the evening. It is desirable that it is cool during feeding.
When the Chinese rose stops blooming, it is fed no more than once a month. The plant also benefits from foliar feeding. The root fertilizer is diluted with water in a ratio of 1:10 and periodically sprayed with hibiscus.
- Pot... The flower is growing rapidly, so it must be planted in a spacious container. There must be drainage in the pot.
- Transfer... Young plants are transplanted or transferred each spring to larger pots. An adult hibiscus is transplanted every 3-4 years.
- Wintering... In winter, the plant needs a dormant period so that the flowering is subsequently more abundant. The air temperature should be 13-18 ° C, watering is infrequent. If the temperature stays the same as in summer, the hibiscus will need to be sprayed with water from time to time. This will not affect the health of the plant, only the flowering will not be too abundant.
Chinese rose seeds are hardly propagated by seeds. You can try, but it is a long process that does not always end successfully. Therefore, reproduction is usually carried out vegetatively:
- For planting, use the upper parts of the shoots with several buds on them.
- After pruning, the cuttings are treated with growth stimulants.
- Then it can be either immediately planted in the ground, or put in a glass of water.
If you choose the second method, it should be remembered that there should be a little water in the glass and it should be changed every 3-4 days until the plant has roots.
If you immediately plant in the substrate, you must:
- Moisten the soil with water from a spray bottle and deepen the seedlings there by 0.7-1 cm. To prevent the branches from falling, you can press down the soil around the seedling.
- The seedling is covered with a plastic bag, leaving some space for air to enter.
- The cutting and the soil around it must be sprayed daily with water.
- For the plant to take root faster, a temperature of about 25 ° C is required.
- When the seedling takes root, it is planted in a separate glass.
- While the plant is not yet strong enough to be transplanted into a permanent container, it is necessary to maintain a high temperature and humidity around it.
- The seedling is transplanted into a permanent pot when the roots fill the entire glass, and the cutting itself reaches 10 cm.
Diseases and pests
Among the pests attracted by the Chinese rose:
- spider mite;
They can be dealt with by treating the plant with insecticides.
Due to chlorosis, hibiscus leaves can fall off. You should change the water with which the flower is watered In insufficient light, the leaves of the plant turn yellow.
- Abutilon (Abutilon) - also known as Kanatnik. A genus of evergreen plants of the Malvaceae family, which is native to South America.
- Mallow or Mallow (Malva) is a genus of herbaceous plants of the Malvaceae family.
- Altay (Althaea) is a genus of annual or perennial herbaceous plants of the Malvaceae family.
- Stockrose (Alcea) is a genus of ornamental plants with large flowers of various colors from the Malvaceae family.
- Khatyma (Lavatera) is a genus of grasses, shrubs, and some trees of the Malvaceae family. Possesses beautiful pink flowers.
Terry hibiscus is the most beautiful representative of the Malvov family. If properly cared for, it will decorate the house with its bright colors almost all year round. Therefore, it is the ideal choice for both experienced florists and anyone else.