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Question: emergency ficus
I am writing to you because I have a problem with my Ficus Elastica, it is a plant of 8 months and is placed in the house, in the dining room with direct light every day from 8:00 am to 4:00 pm.
I water my ficus very little because I have read that in winter it is necessary to reduce the amount of water for the plants ... the soil I used to put it in its current pot is the universal one for green plants and every 30 days I clean its leaves with a damp cloth (mix milk with water) ...
in spite of everything I have noticed that some leaves have lateral spots with rust that lose color if the plant does not receive water. Moreover, for many days the trunk of the plant is no longer green but it is darkening. Starting from the bottom the ficus has already lost two leaves and the darkening of the trunk seems to be advancing upwards ... my ficus has only 9 leaves I wouldn't want to lose them all ...
what can I do??? thank you so much elena
Answer: emergency ficus
from what you say it would seem that your ficus elastica is receiving excessive watering; it is not easy to decide how much water to give to a plant, you need to check the soil, avoiding such routines: water every Tuesday, with two liters of water. During the winter months also the evergreen plants are in a period of vegetative rest, they do not sprout, they do not produce new leaves, so they do not need fertilizing or lots of water. Watering is provided when the soil is dry, every time this happens depends on the size of the pot, how much water you have provided in the previous watering, when your apartment is hot and / or dry, from the season in which we find ourselves. In summer this can happen every day, especially if the plant is outdoors, in winter it can happen once a week, or more sporadically, depending on the climate in your home.
So, wait for the soil to dry perfectly between two waterings, but keep the ambient humidity high, or vaporize the foliage of the plant often, even every day if you have the time; uses demineralized water, to avoid staining the leaves with limestone.
Another method to increase environmental humidity is to place the plant in a large saucer, raised from the bottom of the saucer thanks to a thick layer of expanded clay; at the bottom of the saucer always keep at least a couple of centimeters of water, which does not reach the base of the vase; in this way the water evaporating will increase the humidity present in the house. These gimmicks are practiced because usually in the apartment the air is very dry, due to heating, fans, fireplaces or air conditioners, and plants do not like very dry air.
If possible, in summer, move your plant outdoors, in the garden or on the terrace, in a bright place, but without direct sunlight.