We are searching data for your request:
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.
Leaf parsley "Bogatyr" is a highly resistant fruitful variety of parsley used as a decoration for a dish, as a food additive and as a medicine.
Essential oils in the composition of the plant give it a pronounced ability to stimulate appetite and digestive function, and its resistance in the external environment determines the high popularity of the variety among gardeners and gardeners.
In the article, we will learn about the characteristics of the variety, how this variety differs from other leafy varieties, and also study in detail the composition, application and how to deal with pests.
Bogatyr leaf parsley is a spicy early-ripening variety with a high yield and a growth period of up to 90 days, which is a high-yielding hybrid of universal parsley from the umbrella family (celery).
Reference! The plant is two years old, the seeds are viable up to two years after harvest. Germination rate is 85-90%, depending on the care.
Description of appearance
The lower part of the plant is a single tap root up to 28-35 centimeters long, white or gray-white in color, with a specific mild aroma, cone-shaped, completely submerged in the soil. The mass of the root crop reaches 90-110 grams. Semi-spreading rosette.
The foliage is a deep dark emerald color, shiny, with the same segments, dissected, has the shape of an elongated triangle. The edges of the leaves have a rim of small denticles. Foliage with a pronounced spicy aroma. Flowering occurs in a single umbellate inflorescence, small light green flowers, fruits - brown-green dry small seeds. The ground part of the plant is suitable for food.
Further on the photo you can see what the Bogatyr leaf parsley looks like.
Characteristics of the variety
This variety is appreciated for its pronounced spicy aroma, high yield, frost resistance, shade resistance, rapid growth of foliage after cutting, medicinal properties in relation to the genitourinary system, attractive presentation and good keeping quality, good properties for bundling, long shelf life.
From 1 square meter, up to 2.0-3.0 kg of plants are harvested (20,000-30,000 kg per 1 hectare).
Technical maturity occurs in 80-90 days from sowing.
Attention! It is recommended to harvest in late August - early September, under favorable climate conditions - and in October.
Seeds are sown in late April or early May.
Disease and pest resistance
This variety shows low resistance to diseases and pests, which is facilitated by the frequent proximity of other infected crops and the lack of seed treatment by the producer. The variety is susceptible to the following diseases: melon aphids, white rot, rust, carrot flies, carrot fly, onion and garlic stem nematode, white spot.
The variety is resistant to the following pathogens: wet rot, sclerotinia.
Fruit weight ranges from 90 to 110 grams.
Flowering occurs in late June or early July, after which ovoid achenes with small saturated brown seeds are formed.
The plant is highly resistant to frost and frost. When sown for the winter, up to 70-85% of the seeds survive. Withstands frosts up to minus 5-7 degrees.
Differences from other leafy varieties
This variety has the following differences:
- Shows high resistance to shady places, to low and high temperatures.
- The root sits loosely in the soil, due to which it is easily pulled out.
- Pronounced aroma with high extractive properties (increases appetite).
- It can multiply by self-seeding.
- Quickly gains a large deciduous mass with natural thinning.
- Allows harvesting multiple times during the growing period.
- Suitable for forcing greenery during winter and early autumn.
A brief history of breeding
The variety of leafy parsley "Bogatyr" was developed at the beginning of the twentieth century and got its name for its strong resistance to adverse environmental factors.
Numerous genetic and molecular studies in the field of umbrella biology made it possible to identify varieties that have both optimal physicochemical properties of the composition and pleasant taste and good presentation. By mixing the parent plants, it was possible to form and consolidate in horticulture a special hybrid variety that possesses all of the above qualities.
Where and how much can you buy seeds?
Seeds are purchased in paper bags directly in stores in Moscow and St. Petersburg, as well as when ordering via the Internet. The price for 2 grams of seeds ranges from 12 to 30 rubles and an average of 21 rubles.
The plant contains the following vitamins:
- pantothenic acid;
- folic acid;
- beta carotenoids;
- vitamin C;
- phylloquinone (vitamin K);
- vitamin PP;
Important! The calorie content is 95 Kcal, the amount of proteins is 7.5 g, fats - 1.5 g, carbohydrates - 8.8 g per 100 grams.
Micro- and macroelements are represented by ions of copper, sodium, iron, zinc, magnesium compounds, potassium, phosphorus and calcium, manganese, selenium, as well as essential oils, dietary fiber, fatty acids.
Designed for the use of green leaves and stalks in cooking. The edible part of the plant is used fresh, frozen, dried, blanched, fried, boiled, steamed, as an addition to the first and second courses or as decoration.
Also the plant is used as a medicinal product in people with kidney disease and urinary tract. Suitable for long-term storage in a dried form (up to 4-5 months) and forcing foliage in winter.
Step-by-step instructions for growing
This variety is photophilous and prefers fertile, well-drained, loose soils. The soil should be light, fertilized with humus at the rate of 3-4 kilograms per square meter. Slight acidification of the soil is allowed. The optimal predecessors of the Bogatyr variety are all types of cabbage, onions and garlic, potatoes, turnips, radishes, nightshades, and eggplants.
Planting this variety after parsley, other celery, carrots, cilantro is recommended no earlier than 3-4 years later. This variety is planted near berry crops due to its scent repelling slugs, phylloxera and aphids.
Sowing is carried out in April-May in grooves to a depth of 1.0-1.5 cm, observing the developed scheme of 20x8 cm. Up to 5-6 grams of seeds are sown per square meter. After sowing, the grooves are sprinkled with quicklime, covered with earth on top and tamped. The soil must be mulched. The first shoots appear 14-18 days after planting.
Activities carried out:
- Seed care - before sowing, it is recommended to soak them for 1-3 days, change the water twice. 2-3 hours before sowing, the seeds are placed in a weak solution of potassium permanganate (1: 5000).
- Seedling care - it is not recommended to allow drying out or excessive soil moisture. Watering should be moderate, after which the soil is immediately loosened. For optimal growth, it is necessary to remove weak seedlings, as well as thinning the seedlings: the first time - when the seedlings have 3-4 leaves (up to a distance of 3-4 centimeters between them), the second time - after 10-14 days (up to a distance of 5- 10 centimeters). Natural thinning (collection of leaves for consumption) is preferred.
- Compliance with thermal conditions - the optimum temperature for growth is 15-18 degrees. With a decrease in temperature, plant growth slows down, with an increase, drying begins.
- Accounting for the duration of daylight hours in the region.
- Weed removal with a frequency of at least 1 time in 10 days.
- Loosening the soil after each watering and avoiding the formation of a crust, which will lead to stagnant moisture and decay of the roots.
- Mulching for wind protection and weeds, as well as for additional nutrition.
- Feeding recommended up to 2-3 times per season. It is recommended to use potassium fertilizers, as well as ash according to standard schemes.
Harvesting and storage
Parsley of this variety is harvested at the end of August-September, depending on climate conditions and care.
Reference! The upper part of the plant is cut, cleaned from the ground, washed, dried and stored in a cool dry place for up to 5 months, or sent to freeze. Some of the greens are used for cooking.
Root storage: Root crops are used for forcing greens in winter.
Seed storage: ripe seeds are stored in cloth bags at a temperature of 15-20 degrees.
There are other leafy varieties of parsley. For example, on our site there is a description and rules for growing parsley "Italian giant".
Disease and pest control
Pest control methods include:
- Regular loosening of the soil and avoidance of excessive acidification.
- For sowing adjacent crops, it is advisable to choose seeds treated with fungicides.
- Compliance with the rules of crop rotation. Plants of the first and second generation are planted at a distance from each other.
- Avoiding over-watering.
- Treatment of the plant at the first signs of disease with Bordeaux liquid, 1% boric acid. If the lesion is limited, diseased plants must be removed from the garden.
- Compliance with the rules for storing seeds.
Bogatyr leaf parsley is one of the most fragrant representatives of the umbrella family, possessing both good taste and healing effects. The variety has a unique vitamin and mineral composition, which makes it an irreplaceable crop in vegetable growing, a useful and bright decoration for any table.
We suggest watching a video describing the description of the Bogatyr parsley variety: