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Sora radish has won a leading position among other varieties. And all this is due to its ripening time, resistance to various diseases and adverse conditions, as well as the ability to sow seeds in early spring and autumn.
The article describes in detail the characteristics and description of the Sora radish variety. From the text we will learn how to properly grow radishes from seeds and how to harvest.
And also consider how prevention against diseases and pests is carried out.
Detailed characteristics and description of the variety
The fruits of the radish of the described variety reach a diameter of 4-5 centimeters... A distinctive feature of root crops is the lack of a tendency to form voids.
According to agronomists, radish pulp is quite juicy and tender. Sora's taste characteristics are high. The tops are not very lush, short and thin.
The shape of the root crops is even, regular, round, almost all fruits grow flawlessly. The radish itself has a deep pink hue. The rind is very thin.
Let's take a look at what the Sora radish looks like:
Sora radish can be sown in greenhouses from the beginning of spring. It is recommended to plant several crops per season at intervals of 15 days. Frost resistance allows you to plant a root crop even in mid-autumn - slight cold will not harm the fruit.
If you provide the root crops with proper and complete care, then a fully ripe radish will weigh about 30-37 grams.
Productivity from 1 hectare
It is worth saying that here, too, all indicators depend on the rules of care and cultivation. But agronomists say that about 175 quintals can be harvested from one hectare.
Where is it recommended to grow?
Sora radish is a hybrid variety. Therefore, in the process of selection, botanists tried to improve the versatility of the variety. This suggests that radishes are perfect for growing in greenhouse conditions, outdoors, and even indoors.
It is worth noting that the yield will be much lower when planting seeds at home. This is normal, since in this case the radish does not receive all the elements it needs.
Disease and pest resistance
Hybrid varieties often show excellent performance in terms of immunity to disease and pest attacks. The Sora variety is no exception, therefore, many ailments are not afraid of it. In addition, those diseases that still prevail over radishes can be easily defeated.
You can harvest the finished crop in three weeks. It is worth noting that it is necessary to count 21 days not from the moment of planting, but from the moment of germination of the first shoots.
What types of soil does he prefer?
The soil for planting Sora radish should be light and fertile. The acidity of the soil should be neutral or weak. To reduce the acidity level, you need to add a little lime to the substrate. The most suitable type of soil is sandy loam or peat bogs. In the autumn and spring, it is necessary to dilute the soil with humus.
The Sora radish variety belongs to the results of the work of Polish breeders. In Russia, the described culture appeared in the early 2000s and since then it has become one of the most popular among agronomists.
The main distinguishing characteristic
The main a distinctive characteristic of this variety is its high resistance to adverse weather conditions... It is this type of vegetable that can be sown in open ground as soon as the snow has melted. It won't hurt the radishes. On the contrary, melt water only improves crop growth rates.
Advantages and disadvantages
The advantages of the Sora variety include the following factors:
- the ability to plant immediately after the snow has melted;
- ripening speed - in just three weeks you can get a good harvest;
- excellent taste and appearance;
- resistance to shooting - with a long daylight hours does not release arrows;
- storage duration, but only in cool rooms;
- immunity to cruciferous pests;
- occupies a small area of the site;
- the ability to get several harvests per season.
There are practically no disadvantages of this variety. Some gardeners consider the small size of root crops to be a disadvantage of this variety.
For what and where is it used?
This variety is often used for industrial purposes. Sora produces an excellent harvest and is easy to transport. At the same time, root crops can be stored for a long time and not lose their presentation.
This radish can be used in cold dishes, soups, snacks, and also as a separate dish.
Growing by seeds
- You can plant seed any day from March to October. But for this it is best to choose short light days. If the sun shines for 10-12 hours a day, then it is better to shade the radish. To do this, you can use a special agronomic mesh, which circulates the air perfectly, but at the same time protects the crop from the scorching sun.
- Before planting, the soil must be saturated with mineral complexes. To do this, in the process of digging up the soil, you need to add humus to it along with potash and phosphorus fertilizers.
Reference! Radishes are intolerant to organic fertilizers, so avoid using manure and dung.
If the first shoots have appeared, and it is still cool outside, you can add a little urea to the soil.
Radishes cannot be planted on the same plot for more than three years, as the soil becomes poor and cannot provide the vegetable with all the necessary nutrients. It is best to alternate planting vegetables. But it is better not to plant radish, cabbage and any kind of cabbage before the radish.
- The distance between the rows of the crop should be about 10-15 centimeters, and between each seed in the row - about 2-3 cm. In this case, the radishes are planted to a depth of 1-1.5 cm.
- As soon as the first shoots have sprung up, do not forget about regular watering. Make sure that the soil is always moistened to a depth of 15 centimeters. After each watering, the soil must be loosened so that a crust does not form, which will impede air circulation.
- There is no need to feed the radish during its growth, since the culture does not grow for long, the fertilizers that were applied before planting are enough for it.
Harvesting and storage
To get larger fruits with preservation of the presentation, you can extend the formation period of root crops by several days (approximately 3-5). Do not be afraid that voids form inside the radish - this variety is protected from this problem. However, do not get carried away with the increase in terms.
Insofar as root crops ripen together, an agronomist can harvest in a few days, depending on the amount of radish... Immediately after harvest, the culture is laid in wooden boxes with air holes. It is better to do this in even layers, and after each layer put a sheet of thick paper so that the fruits do not come into contact with each other.
It is best to place boxes with crops in the basement, where the air temperature ranges from 4-6 degrees Celsius. Before adding the culture, the basement surfaces must be treated with a lime solution. This will help keep the harvested crop free from rot, mold, and other pests.
In this form, root crops can be stored for a month or one and a half.
Reference! Even when washed, the vegetable can be easily transported over long distances - it will not lose its taste and appearance.
Diseases and pests
The main and most dangerous pests for Sora radish are cruciferous fleas and white beetles... You can start fighting them in a biological way.
- Ash solution. Add 2 glasses of ash and 50 grams of laundry soap to 10 liters of water. Spray radish with this solution.
- Tobacco solution. For its preparation, ash is replaced with tobacco dust and the plant is treated in the same way.
If the biological method does not help, it is worth resorting to the help of insecticides.... However, they should only be used in extreme cases; after spraying, do not immediately water the radish, as all efforts will come to naught.
Among the diseases of the Sora variety, the following can be distinguished:
Ailments can be defeated with a solution of onion peel, 1% Bordeaux liquid or lime. You can choose any tincture and spray the crop several times at intervals of 5-6 days.
Prevention of various problems
To avoid any problems with growing Sora radish, you need to adhere to all the recommendationsdescribed in the article. And also make sure that there are no weeds nearby that can cause the development of diseases and pests.
In separate articles, we will tell you about the characteristics, rules for growing, collecting and storing such varieties of radish: Diego, Rudolph, French breakfast, Duro Krasnodarskoe, 18 days, Rondar, Dabel, Cherriet, Champion and Saksa RS.
The similarities lie in the sizes, shapes and shades of culture.
Getting a great harvest of radishes is not that difficult. Especially if the agronomist has chosen the Sora variety for cultivation.