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Basil has a rich taste, aroma, and many useful properties. The greatest benefit will be from a plant grown in its own garden or windowsill. One of the key steps in basil care is its timely transplant.
Let us consider in more detail in the article how to properly transplant a plant to a garden bed or into a pot and how to care for it in the future.
We will also tell you about which soil is better to choose for growing basil and what problems may arise after transplanting.
Is it possible to do this and when is it better?
Yes, you can. Basil is a perennial plant, so planting from a pot into the ground, or vice versa, transplanting from a garden into a pot is an integral procedure when growing it. With the onset of the first autumn cold weather, at the end of August - in September, an adult plant must be protected from freezing by bringing it into the room.
At the same time, when stable warm weather is established in spring or early summer, when the danger of night frosts is no longer there, you can plant seedlings in the ground. This is done when the plant has formed two complete sets of leaves. This usually occurs 35-50 days after the first shoots appear.
Basil for active growth requires fertile and well-groomed soil... He does not tolerate heavy clay soils, but he feels great in well-drained, warmed up soil. As for the soil for seedlings, the optimal composition for the first sprouts of basil will be a mixture of humus or compost, peat and washed sand (2: 4: 1).
Transfer to the garden
Since basil is a thermophilic culture, it is best to grow it through seedlings, which are later planted in the ground. Preparing the soil in the garden should be done in the fall. The garden bed is dug to a depth of 20-25 cm and the necessary fertilizers are applied, it can be humus or compost (3-5 kg), superphosphate (22-25g) and potassium salt (about 15g), per 1m2 land (how to feed basil?).
In late spring or early summer, when there is no longer a danger of repeated frosts and the soil has warmed up to 15 degrees, you can start planting seedlings... For the basilica, the most suitable place is well-lit by the sun for 6-8 hours a day, as well as sheltered from winds and drafts.
It is best to place the shoots in the garden in rows at a distance of about 25 cm. The rows should also be at a distance of 25 cm from each other. Planting is done in small holes 7-8 cm deep.
- Before planting a young plant, about a liter of clean, settled water should be poured into the recess.
- Next, place the roots of the plant together with an earthen lump in the hole and sprinkle with earth.
- Then lightly press down on the soil around the sprout to remove any remaining air pockets and water the rooting site.
Also Basil feels very good under the covering material... Therefore, an excellent solution would be to plant it in a greenhouse or greenhouse, for example, along the edge of a tomato garden.
The spicy smell of basil, although it repels some pests, at the same time attracts slugs and snails. In this regard, the soil under the bush can be sprinkled with ash, sawdust or tobacco dust, which will create a kind of barrier between the plant and pests.
Transplanting an adult plant into a pot is suitable for those who grow basil in the garden or vegetable garden and want to preserve the plant with the onset of cold weather.
- The first step is to prepare the pot for the basil. It can be plastic or ceramic, round or square. Approximate size - 1.5-2 liters.
- Drainage (gravel, crushed stone, expanded clay) should be laid on the bottom, which will ensure the outflow of excess moisture.
- Fill up the soil. For basil, the soil from the same garden where it grew in summer is perfect, but it is better to add a little fertilizer to it and clean it of all unnecessary (garbage, stones, plant roots, insects, etc.). Having poured the soil into the container, you need to make a depression, lightly tamp the surface and pour settled water at room temperature into the hole.
- Further, the young bushes selected on the garden bed, which have not yet had time to bloom, are pre-watered to soften the soil.
- Together with an earthen lump around the roots, they are carefully dug out of the soil, transplanted into a flower pot, without damaging the root system of the plant.
- They cover it with a small amount of earth and tamp it around the transplanted plant so that it better anchored in a new place. After that, remove all damaged parts or leaves of the basil and water again (read about how to properly water basil outdoors and at home, read here).
- In the garden, the basil should be broken through for planting density, periodically weeded to avoid overgrowing with weeds, and watered sparingly.
- It is important not to allow high soil moisture, otherwise, the basil will suffer from mold, and rot may appear on the plant. If this problem is found, it is worth removing the damaged leaves and treating the bush with a fungicide.
- If you want to get the harvest of basil, and not its seeds, you should promptly remove the inflorescences from young plants, then the basil will give new shoots.
- In a pot, basil grows well in well-draining soil and should not be in standing water. You can water it once a day, preferably in the morning, so that the water has time to be absorbed, and the plant does not stand in the water during the night.
- The light regime is also very important for good indoor plant growth. You can put the pot on a windowsill on the south or south-east side, where it will receive the maximum amount of sunlight.
In winter, when the daylight period is very short, it is important to take care of additional lighting using special phytolamps.
We talked more about the nuances of caring for basil at home and in the garden in this article.
Sometimes after a transplant, basil can start to hurt or disappear altogether. This is most often associated with the development of fungal diseases or mold (how to protect a spice from diseases and pests?). The reasons may be excessive moisture, overcrowding of plants, insufficient illumination.
Preventing problems after transplant is:
- adherence to suitable modes of humidity and light;
- ensuring free air circulation, but at the same time eliminating drafts and wind;
- timely removal of damaged plants.
Although basil is quite unpretentious, sometimes gardeners fail to grow it. This may be due to the violation of one of the conditions for the favorable growth of the plant. We recommend reading the materials prepared by our experts on how to plant, pinch the spice, and also why it does not come up or grows poorly.
Transplanting basil is an important step in the growing process and will be successful if you follow some simple rules. But in the future, the plant will delight you with an excellent harvest for a long time.