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What fertilizers do carrots need when planting and how to fertilize? Possible mistakes

What fertilizers do carrots need when planting and how to fertilize? Possible mistakes


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Carrots are the most popular vegetable. It can be purchased on store shelves all year round. The root crop will be of great benefit if you grow it yourself. In order to get a good harvest of carrots, it is necessary to resort to fertilizers.

For example, depending on the characteristics of the soil, different leavening agents may be required for good plant growth. Therefore, to get a beautiful and healthy carrot, it is important to think about feeding carrots at the very first stage of planting.

Why is fertilization so important?

There is a direct direct relationship between the amount of fertilizer and the size of the final carrot yield. For example, let's take two carrots: one grown independently, and the other with the timely addition of fertilizers.

  • After the first feeding, the difference becomes noticeable.

    Fertilized root vegetable: Produces strong and green leaves.

    Unfertilized root vegetable: Produces dull leaves. There are cracks here and there.

  • After a month, there are huge differences between the plants.

    Fertilized root vegetable:

    1. It has dark green and dense tops.
    2. It develops very quickly and well.
    3. Has a bright color.

    Unfertilized root vegetable:

    1. The leaves are much paler and weaker.
    2. It is just beginning to develop.
  • By the time of harvest, the result is clear.

    Fertilized root vegetable:

    1. Carrots grow smooth and beautiful.
    2. Bright color.
    3. No cracks.

    Unfertilized root vegetable:

    1. The harvest is two weeks late.
    2. In appearance, it leaves much to be desired - the root crop turns out to be small and slightly underdeveloped.

Minerals or organic?

Some experts argue that carrots should grow exclusively on mineral fertilizers. However, when used correctly, both types of feeding will only benefit the plant.

Organic fertilizers are usually added in late autumn - early winter., it is not recommended to do this directly under the carrots. With an excess of this kind of fertilizer, carrots will be prone to rotting. If the previous time a crop with a significant amount of organic matter grew on this bed, this time you can do without it altogether. The planted crop will grow well on organic debris in the ground.

Mineral fertilizers can be added at all stages of root crop development. The most important thing is not to overdo it.

What and when to apply top dressing?

Preparing the land for planting should begin in the fall.

Organic fertilizer is applied first. Since this type of fertilizer gives acidity to the soil, it should be borne in mind that at an acidity level of 5.5, ash or other substances that reduce it must be added to the soil. Then you can start using minerals.

Spring

Mineral

Ingredients:

  • potassium chloride;
  • superphosphate;
  • urea.

Ratio: 1: 1: 0.5 per 1 sq. M. land. Fertilizer is used during soil preparation.

  1. First, you need to dig up the beds at a level of about 35 cm in depth.
  2. Before feeding, superphosphate should be thoroughly ground into powder.
  3. All ingredients must be mixed and fertilized with baking powder, if needed.

Ash

Ratio:

  • in autumn 200 g of ash per 1 sq. m;
  • in June, during tops growing, 1 glass per square meter.

It is necessary to dig up the area for planting carrots, while fertilizing the soil with dry ash.

This fertilizer alkalizes the soil and makes it more fertile. In the summer, you need to fertilize the beds with ash every seven days before watering.

Manure

Ratio: 6-8 kg per 1 sq.m.

Before the spring digging of the soil, well-rotted manure is introduced. In this case, it is necessary to scatter it in an even layer so that during the digging process the fertilizers are evenly distributed. Separately, if necessary, deacidify the soil by adding chalk, dolomite flour or ash.

Saltpeter and superphosphate

Ingredients:

  • superphosphate (200g);
  • potash fertilizer (100g);
  • sodium nitrate (50g);
  • lime (100g).

Ratio: for each square meter, ingredients are added in the above amount.

Fertilizer is also applied during soil preparation, all ingredients are thoroughly mixed, after fertilization, the bed is dug up.

Autumn

Compost

Ratio: one bucket per square meter / 6-8 kg per square meter.

Use preferably fresh manure... Fertilizer is used during soil preparation. After adding the component, the garden bed must be dug up.

Peat or sawdust

Ratio: 6-8 kg per sq.m. for peat.

Sawdust is used together with 2 tbsp. nitrophosphate and 1 tbsp. superphosphate. The beds are sprinkled from above when preparing the soil, especially for clay and podzolic soils.

Sand and sawdust

Ingredients:

  • a mixture of sand and sawdust;
  • superphosphate (2 tablespoons).

Before adding superphosphate, it should be crushed to a powdery state.... It is mainly used on peat soils.

Phosphorus-potash

Ratio: 10 g of phosphate-potassium fertilizer per 1 sq. M.

The soil for fertilization is carefully dug up, after which fertilizer is placed. Recommended for chernozem soils and for beds on which the land has been used for a long time and intensively.

Winter sowing

Organics with potassium sulfate

Ingredients: potassium sulfate or potassium sulfate.

This fertilizer should never be mixed with urea, ammonium nitrate, ammonium sulfate, potassium carbonate, lime, chalk and dolomite.

To fertilize carrots with potassium sulfate, you need to scatter it over the site and dig it up very well at the level of the spade bayonet. It is important to use it on neutral and alkaline areas. This is due to the acidity of the fertilizer.

Ash

Ratio: 130-150g per 1 sq.m.

It is used when the soil is fertile enough and does not require regular addition of mineral fertilizers. After adding wood ash, the beds are dug up.

Step by step instructions on how to fertilize

Paste

Kleister is a very convenient and effective fertilizer for seeds, especially carrots. On average, one liter of paste is enough for sowing 10 g.

There are the main stages of the establishment of the paste.:

  1. Before sowing, the grooves in the selected area must be well watered.
  2. The finished paste is packed together with carrot seeds in a plastic bottle with a hole in the lid, a pastry syringe with a large nozzle, etc.
  3. Apply or pour (depending on the resulting composition) a paste with seeds into these grooves.
  4. Immediately after sowing, the beds must be covered with a small layer of loose earth (no more than 2 cm in thickness).
  5. To further preserve moisture in the soil, cover the bed with a film or other non-woven material until carrot sprouts appear.

Boron

  1. When fertilizing carrot seeds with boric acid, use hot water heated to + 45 ... + 50 C.
  2. Dissolve 1 tsp completely. powder in 1 liter of warm liquid, and then bring the total volume with water at room temperature to 10 liters.
  3. The first feeding of the fruit should be done in mid-July, when the root part begins to form.
  4. The second time, the fruit should be fertilized in the first half of August, at the beginning of the ripening of root crops.

Eggshell

  1. Before fertilizing carrot seeds, the eggshells need to be dried and rolled over with a rolling pin.
  2. It is necessary to make grooves for future root crops, water them in sufficient quantities.
  3. Pour the resulting egg powder into them, and pour the seeds upstairs. Then sprinkle with earth and press down with a stick or hand.

Possible mistakes

  • Fertilizing seeds purchased from large company stores. Ready-made seeds bought in company stores are already ready for sowing and do not need additional processing. They have already passed the stage of getting rid of diseases and pests. Only those seeds that were bought by hand in little-known places, as well as fertilizers from little-known companies, should be prepared for use.
  • Top dressing and fertilization in dry soil. Before applying any fertilizer, it is necessary to provide soil moisture. The effect of feeding and its effect on the root crop depends on this. If the ground under the carrots remains dry, the plant may die or be oppressed. This applies to all types of fertilizers, including liquid fertilizers.
  • Phosphate and potash fertilizers are applied over the soil surface. To ensure the effectiveness of the action of phosphorus and wedge fertilizers, it is necessary to bury them in the ground, or use a type of liquid fertilizing. If you leave fertilizers on the surface, they will lose their meaning and will not be absorbed by plants.

What happens when these mistakes are made?

A crop of rotten, underdeveloped carrots is possible, and sometimes you can even lose it altogether.

How can you avoid them?

It is necessary to carry out care procedures in a timely manner and follow the rules for growing carrots.

What if they were admitted?

Be sure to keep an eye on the roots and at the first signs of the development of the disease, remove the affected plants from the rest.

Own cultivation of carrots means providing the family with vitamins all year round... This is confidence in the absence of harmful substances, acids and other substances that destroy the vitamin base. This culture is unpretentious, but it requires adherence to agricultural techniques to obtain the highest quality harvest.


Watch the video: How to Grow Huge Carrots with Fish Fertilizer (June 2022).


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