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Rules for caring for amaryllis in winter: what to do after flowering and how to store the bulbs?

Rules for caring for amaryllis in winter: what to do after flowering and how to store the bulbs?



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Amaryllis pleases with its spectacular flowers with a delicate aroma and varied colors even inexperienced flower growers and amateurs.

It is often confused and combined with hippeastrum, although these flowers differ in bulb shape and peduncle.

This article describes in detail how to store amaryllis in the winter, what measures should be taken to preserve the bulbs. It also tells about what happens to the plant in the cold season.

Features of growth in the cold season

Amaryllis is a rather unpretentious bulbous plant, usually blooming in spring.... At first, the flower releases several peduncles in turn with a large flower. And then begins to grow large leaves. After some time, the foliage becomes pale and withers. This means that there is a rest period.

What happens to the plant?

From mid-September to spring, amaryllis begins a dormant period, when the plant recovers after a period of active vegetation. By this time, flowering and growth had ceased, and the flower, dropping the accumulated powerful foliage, begins to prepare for rest.

Care

Within 3-5 months, the plant recovers after flowering and gains strength for the subsequent growing seasonit happens in winter. At this time, the plant is not watered, the bulbs are stored in a dark, cool place.

How to store during wintering?

Amaryllis needs to create environmental conditions under which the processes of growth and development do not start, which makes it possible for the bulbs to rest and gain strength for further flowering:

  • Temperature +2 .. + 15 degrees.
  • Lack of light.
  • Low air humidity.

If you do not provide the bulb with such a rest, it will be very weakened and will lose the ability to bloom for several years.

Read about why amaryllis does not bloom and how to make it give buds, read here.

Detailed step by step instructions

You can see that the plant is preparing for rest, by wilting and loss of foliage color. At this time, organic matter is transferred from the leaves to the bulb, creating a supply of nutrients. Therefore, you should not rush to cut off the yellowing leaves, you need to wait for their natural withering away.

  1. Starting from the end of August, you need to gradually reduce watering to a minimum and abandon top dressing.
  2. Carefully cut off yellowed and withered leaves close to the bulb.
  3. Carefully inspect the bulb and remove all dead particles, remnants of dried roots and planting soil. Healthy bulbs should be free of rot, mold stains, cracks. Affected bulbs must be isolated from healthy ones.
  4. The bulbs need to be disinfected, to do this, soak them in a weak solution of potassium permanganate for 20 minutes, this will save the plant from infection. For added protection, you can wrap each bulb in a tissue paper.
  5. Place the bulbs in a cool, dark place, such as a basement or cellar. Do not send them to rest in a pot of soil, as the bulbs must be ventilated. Amaryllis bulbs are not frost-resistant, therefore, they will not tolerate a drop in temperature below zero.
  6. Leave in these conditions until the end of February, when the plant can be planted for distillation. Check periodically for damage.
  7. The flower should be exposed and watered when the flower arrow appears.

You can read about caring for amaryllis at home here, and read about growing on the street and in the house here.

What if something went wrong?

  • It so happens that the amaryllis has faded, but the foliage continues to be green and does not think to turn yellow and dry. Perhaps the flower confused autumn with spring. In this case, you should not force the plant into a dormant state, this can only harm it. Blooming will most likely be next year. In the future, the plant will have to be returned to normal.
  • If the bulb has lost all its roots, but does not rot from the inside, then it can be saved. Clean out all rot, remove all lesions and treat all cavities with a fungicide, for example, Maxim. Then dry the onion well and store.
  • Often, when checking the bulbs, they show red rot. This is the most dangerous disease for amaryllis, in which cracks appear on the bulbs and shoots.
    1. If red rot is found at rest, then all affected areas must be removed and treated with a foundationol solution.
    2. If the disease appeared during the growing season, then you will have to completely change the soil, spilling it with the drug. Plant the onion, leaving almost all of it on the surface. At the same time, water should not get on it when watering. Keep the flower in a cool place until it recovers and water to a minimum.

Read about diseases and pests, as well as the treatment of amaryllis here.

The amaryllis bulb contains lycopene. It is an alkaloid that has a toxic effect on the body, it can cause poisoning. Therefore, all work on cleaning and planting the bulbs should be carried out with gloves.

Flowering at the end of March will be optimal and natural. But if you follow the conditions of forcing and provide amaryllis with proper care, then flowering can be achieved at any time of the year.


Watch the video: Flower Bulbs: How to Store Amaryllis Bulbs (August 2022).